Amendment of the Annexes to the Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds

Filename: 2002-Amendments-1995-AgreementConservationAfrican-EurasianMigratoryWaterbirds.EN.txt

Amendment of the Annexes to the Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (Resolution 2.1)

Source:, downloaded 20070623

Recalling the Final Act of the negotiation meeting to adopt the Agreement on the Conservation of African Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds, held in The Hague, the Netherlands, in June 1995, inviting the interim secretariat to prepare amendments to the Action Plan with regard to species or families listed in Annex 2 of the Agreement,

Recalling Resolution 1.9, adopted at the first Meeting of the Parties in Cape Town, South Africa in November 1999, which amended the Action Plan and requested the Secretariat and/or Technical Committee, inter alia:

(a) To consider addition of species, as specified in the resolution, to the Agreement and Action Plan;

(b) To review current data on population status;

(c) To stimulate the preparation of single species action plans,

Recalling article X of the Agreement concerning the procedures to amend the Action Plan and its Annexes,

Convinced that urgent actions are needed for many species not yet included in the Action Plan as adopted at the final negotiating meeting (The Hague, June 1995), and to regularly update the Action Plan,

Having reviewed document AEWA/MOP2.9, entitled "Proposed Amendments to the Action Plan", and having taken note of the proposed changes to Annex 2 of the Agreement and Table 1 of the Action Plan, which include the following:

(a) A full update of the conservation status of the species currently listed in the Action Plan, as presented in Table 1a of document AEWA/MOP2.9;

(b) The inclusion of an additional 11 species and their population status, as specified in Table 1b of AEWA/MOP2.9, in Annex 2 of the Agreement and Table 1 of the Action Plan;

(c) The inclusion, as requested in Resolution 1.9, of an additional six species, as specified in AEWA/MOP2.9 Table 1c, in Annex 2 of the Agreement and Table 1 of the Action Plan;

(d) The inclusion, following the specifications in Table 1d of AEWA/MOP2.9, of a further 48 species of waterbirds to Annex 2 of the Agreement and Table 1 of the Action Plan, and the inclusion of an additional 16 migratory populations of 12 species already listed in Annex 2 of the Agreement, to Table 1 of the Action Plan;

(e) The amendment of the conservation status of the populations of 38 species as proposed in an informal working document "Further amendments to Table 1 of Action Plan" presented to the Meeting by Wetlands International,

Noting the established international process for updating and revision of population estimates and 1 per cent thresholds for waterbirds established by the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Wildfowl Habitat, which envisages an update of Wetland International's Waterbird Population Estimates being prepared, following international scientific review and consultation, for each triennial Ramsar Conference of the Parties,

Aware of the considerable practical difficulties that are caused when the timing of the AEWA Meeting of the Parties precedes the publication and endorsement of Waterbird Population Estimates by the Ramsar Conventions,

Considering that the supporting review by AEWA of the status of waterbird populations in the Agreement area would benefit from the inclusion of additional analytical content, inter alia, patterns of changing conservation status by geographic area, by taxonomic and ecological groupings, and by other themes, in particular to act as a high level summary for decision makers and so as to inform directly the revision of the Agreement's implementation priorities,

The Meeting of the Parties:

1. Agrees to include an additional 65 species in Annex 2 of the Agreement as appended to the present Resolution, comprising 11 species as specified in Table 1b of AEWA/MOP2.9, six species as specified in Table 1c of AEWA/MOP2.9, and 48 species as specified in Table 1d of AEWA/MOP2.9;

2. Adopts the revised version of Table 1 of the Action Plan as appended to the present Resolution, to replace the current Table 1 of the Action Plan, as previously amended by Resolution 1.9;

3. Requests the Secretariat to monitor the implementation of the amendments and to stimulate the preparation of single- and multi- species action plans for those species identified as having an unfavourable conservation status;

4. Noting apparent declines in the North-west European and Northern European/West Mediterranean populations of Anas platyrhynchos, the North-west European population of Anas acuta, and the Baltic, Denmark and Netherlands population of Somateria mollissima, determines to retain existing categorizations for these populations in Table 1 of the Action Plan, and calls upon the Technical Committee, working with Wetlands International and other experts, as a matter of priority, to review further the status of these four populations in the light of additional information, and to report their findings to the Meeting of the Parties at its third session;

5. Encourages Parties to consider, where appropriate, the development and implementation of international multi-species action plans for populations of two or more species listed in column A of Table 1 when those populations share the same habitat (ecosystem), are exposed to similar threats, and require similar measures for their conservation. Priority shall be given to those groups of species which include two or more populations in category 1 in column A of Table 1. Populations of species listed in column B of Table 1 may be included in these action plans if they interact with other species in the group and require similar conservation measures;

6. Requests the Technical Committee of the Agreement, in close cooperation with the Agreement Secretariat and in close consultation with the relevant bodies of the Convention on Migratory Species, to review further development of the Agreement by including additional species of wetland birds and species traditionally considered to be seabirds, looking in the first instance at the species listed in Table 2 and Table 3 of AEWA/MOP2.9, expanding Table 3 to species from the whole of Africa, and considering, in particular, the extent to which the existing Action Plan is adequate in its scope to address differing conservation problems faced by birds of prey, passerines and other taxonomic groups using wetlands;

7. Calls upon the Technical Committee of the Agreement to develop guidelines for the interpretation of the term "significant long-term decline" in the context of Table 1 of the Action Plan;

8. Further calls upon the Technical Committee of the Agreement to provide clarification on the procedures used to delimit bio-geographical populations of waterbirds, noting their significance as practical units for conservation management;

9. Takes note of the second edition of the Report on the Conservation Status of Migratory Waterbirds in the Agreement Area (AEWA/Inf.2.14) as the current best available knowledge of the status of populations of waterbirds included in the Agreement;

10. Requests the Technical Committee to develop, at its next meeting, proposals for enhancing the analytical content of the third edition of the AEWA Report on the Conservation Status of Migratory Waterbirds in the Agreement Area, and to consider how that information may be used to direct input to future reviews of the Agreement's implementation priorities;

11. Takes note also of the Report on the Population Status of Lymnocryptes minimus (AEWA/Inf.2.12), which contains an evaluation of the current data and information on the species;

12. Calls upon all Parties to provide the necessary resources to undertake, on an international level, priority actions such as the drafting of single- and multi-species action plans where most needed on the basis of the amended Action Plan;

13. Requests the Secretariat to liaise with the Ramsar Convention Bureau to endeavour to ensure that in future the timing of the AEWA Meeting of the Parties follows the Ramsar Conference of the Parties, thus facilitating the review of waterbird population estimates by AEWA and further encouraging a globally coordinated and effective process for the review of waterbird population estimates;

14. Urges those countries with waterbird monitoring schemes not supplying data to the International Waterbird Census, to encourage the provision of a regular supply of such information as a matter of priority in order that International Waterbird Census outputs may be based on the most complete assessments possible.

Appendix I

Table 1


[Ed: This Table forms part of the Action Plan contained in Annex 3 to the Agreement.]


The following key to Table 1 is a basis for implementation of the Action Plan:

Column A

Category 1:

(a) Species, which are included in Appendix I to the Convention on the Conservation Migratory species of Wild Animals

(b) Species, which are listed as threatened in Threatened Birds of the World (BirdLife International 2000); or

(c) Populations, which number less than around 10,000 individuals.

Category 2: Populations numbering between around 10,000 and around 25,000 individuals.

Category 3.: Populations numbering between around 25,000 and around 100,000 individuals and considered to be at risk as a result of:

(a) Concentration onto a small number of sites at any stage of their annual cycle;

(b) Dependence on a habitat type, which is under severe threat;

(c) Showing significant long-term decline; or

(d) Showing extreme fluctuations in population size or trend.

For species listed in categories 2 and 3 above, see paragraph 2.1.1 of the Action Plan contained in Annex 3 to the Agreement.

Column B

Category 1: Populations numbering between around 25,000 and around 100,000 individuals and which do not fulfil the conditions in respect of column A, as described above.

Category 2: Populations numbering more than around 100,000 individuals and considered to be in need of special attention as a result of:

(a) Concentration onto a small number of sites at any stage of their annual cycle;

(b) Dependence on a habitat type, which is under severe threat;

(c) Showing significant long-term decline; or

(d) Showing extreme fluctuations in population size or trend.

Column C

Category 1: Populations numbering more than around 100,000 individuals which could

significantly benefit from international cooperation and which do not fulfil the

conditions in respect of either column A or column B, above.


The Table shall be:

(a) Reviewed regularly by the Technical Committee in accordance with article VII, paragraph 3(b), of the Agreement; and

(b) Amended as necessary by the Meeting of the Parties, in accordance with article VI, paragraph 9(d) of the Agreement, in light of the conclusions of such reviews.


North Africa: Algeria, Egypt, the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Tunisia.

West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.

Eastern Africa: Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania.

North-east Africa: Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan.

Southern Africa: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Central Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe.

Sub-Saharan Africa: All African states south of the Sahara.

Tropical Africa: Sub-Saharan Africa excluding Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland.

Western Palearctic As defined in Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa (Cramp & Simmons 1977).

North-west Europe: Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Western Europe: North-west Europe with Portugal and Spain.

North-east Europe: The northern part of the Russian Federation west of the Urals.

Eastern Europe: Belarus, the Russian Federation west of the Urals, Ukraine.

Central Europe: Austria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Poland, the Russian Federation around the Gulf of Finland and Kaliningrad, Slovakia, Switzerland.

North Atlantic: Faroes, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, the north-west coast of the Russian Federation, Svalbard, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

East Atlantic: Atlantic seaboard of Europe and North Africa from northern Norway to Morocco.

Western Siberia: The Russian Federation east of the Urals to the Yenisey River and south to the Kazakhstan border.

Central Siberia: The Russian Federation from the Yenisey River to the eastern boundary of the Taimyr Peninsula and south to the Altai Mountains.

West Mediterranean: Algeria, France, Italy, Malta, Monaco, Morocco, Portugal, San Marino, Spain, Tunisia.

East Mediterranean: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Israel, Lebanon, the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Slovenia, the Syrian Arab Republic, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Yugoslavia.

Black Sea: Armenia, Bulgaria, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, the Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine.

Caspian: Azerbaijan, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

South-west Asia: Bahrain, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the Syrian Arab Republic, eastern Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen.

Western Asia: Western parts of the Russian Federation east of the Urals and the Caspian countries.

Central Asia: Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Southern Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.


bre: breeding

win: wintering

N: Northern

E: Eastern

S: Southern

W: Western

NE: North-eastern

NW: North-western

SE: South-eastern

SW: South-western

(): Population status unknown. Conservation status estimated.

*: By way of exception for those populations marked by an asterisk, hunting may continue on a sustainable use basis where hunting of such populations is a long-established cultural practice (see paragraph 2.1.1 of Annex 3 to the Agreement).


1. The population data used to compile Table 1 as far as possible correspond to the number of individuals in the potential breeding stock in the Agreement area. The status is based on the best available published population estimates.

2. Suffixes (bre) or (win) in population listings are solely aids to population identification. They do not indicate seasonal restrictions to actions in respect of these populations under the Agreement and Action Plan.

3. The brief descriptions used to identify the populations are based on the descriptions used in the third edition of Waterbird Population Estimates.

4. Slash signs (/) are used to separate breeding areas from wintering areas.

5. Where a species' population is listed in Table 1 with multiple categorisations, the obligations of the Action Plan relate to the strictest category listed.

[Ed: For Table, see original document at: http: // ]

Appendix II



Spheniscus demersus: African Penguin


Gavia stellata: Red throated Diver

Gavia arctica: Black-throated Diver

Gavia immer: Great Northern Diver

Gavia adamsii: White billed Diver


Tachybaptus ruficollis: Little Grebe

Podiceps cristatus: Great Crested Grebe:

Podiceps grisegena: Red necked Grebe

Podiceps auritus: Slavonian Grebe

Podiceps nigricollis: Black-necked Grebe


Pelecanus onocrotalus: Great White Pelican

Pelecanus rufescens: Pink-backed Pelican

Pelecanus crispus: Dalmatian Pelican


Sula (Morus) capensis: Cape Gannet


Phalacrocorax coronatus: Crowned Cormorant

Phalacrocorax pygmeus: Pygmy Cormorant

Phalacrocorax neglectus: Bank Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo: Great Cormorant

Phalacrocorax nigrogularis: Socotra Cormorant

Phalacrocorax capensis: Cape Cormorant


Egretta ardesiaca: Black Heron

Egretta vinaceigula: Slaty Egret

Egretta garzetta: Little Egret

Egretta gularis: Western Reef Egret

Egretta dimorpha: Mascarene Reef Egret

Ardea cinerea: Grey Heron

Ardea melanocephala: Black-headed Heron

Ardea purpurea: Purple Heron

Casmerodius albus: Great Egret

Mesophoyx intermedia: Intermediate Egret

Bubulcus ibis: Cattle Egret

Ardeola ralloides: Squacco Heron

Ardeola idae: Madagascar Pond Heron

Ardeola rufiventris: Rufous bellied Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax: Black-crowned Night-Heron

Ixobrychus minutus: Little Bittern

Ixobrychus sturmii: Dwarf Bittern

Botaurus stellaris: Great Bittern


Mycteria ibis: Yellow billed Stork

Anastomus lamelligerus: African Openbill

Ciconia nigra: Black Stork

Ciconia abdimii: Abdim's Stork

Ciconia episcopus: Woolly necked Stork

Ciconia ciconia: White Stork

Leptoptilos crumeniferus: Marabou Stork


Balaeniceps rex: Shoebill


Plegadis falcinellus: Glossy Ibis

Geronticus eremita: Waldrapp

Threskiornis aethiopicus: Sacred Ibis

Platalea leucorodia: Eurasian Spoonbill

Platalea alba: African Spoonbill


Phoenicopterus ruber: Greater Flamingo

Phoenicopterus minor: Lesser Flamingo


Dendrocygna bicolor: Fulvous Whistling Duck

Dendrocygna viduata: White faced Whistling Duck

Thalassornis leuconotus: White backed Duck

Oxyura leucocephala: White headed Duck

Oxyura maccoa: Maccoa Duck

Cygnus olor: Mute Swan

Cygnus cygnus: Whooper Swan

Cygnus columbianus: Bewick's Swan

Anser brachyrhynchus: Pink footed Goose

Anser fabalis: Bean Goose

Anser albifrons: Greater White fronted Goose

Anser erythropus: Lesser White fronted Goose

Anser anser: Greylag Goose

Branta leucopsis: Barnacle Goose

Branta bernicla: Brent Goose

Branta ruficollis: Red breasted Goose

Alopochen aegyptiacus: Egyptian Goose

Tadorna ferruginea: Ruddy Shelduck

Tadorna cana: South African Shelduck

Tadorna tadorna: Common Shelduck

Plectropterus gambensis: Spur winged Goose

Sarkidiornis melanotos: Comb Duck

Nettapus auritus: African Pygmy goose

Anas penelope: Eurasian Wigeon

Anas strepera: Gadwall

Anas crecca: Common Teal

Anas capensis: Cape Teal

Anas platyrhynchos: Mallard

Anas undulata: Yellow billed Duck

Anas acuta: Northern Pintail

Anas erythrorhyncha: Red billed Duck

Anas hottentota: Hottentot Teal

Anas querquedula: Garganey

Anas clypeata: Northern Shoveler

Marmaronetta angustirostris: Marbled Teal

Netta rufina: Red crested Pochard

Netta erythrophthalma: Southern Pochard

Aythya ferina: Common Pochard

Aythya nyroca: Ferruginous Pochard

Aythya fuligula: Tufted Duck

Aythya marila: Greater Scaup

Somateria mollissima: Common Eider

Somateria spectabilis: King Eider

Polysticta stelleri: Steller's Eider

Clangula hyemalis: Long tailed Duck

Melanitta nigra: Common Scoter

Melanitta fusca: Velvet Scoter

Bucephala clangula: Common Goldeneye

Mergus albellus: Smew

Mergus serrator: Red breasted Merganser

Mergus merganser: Goosander


Balearica pavonina: Black Crowned Crane

Balearica regulorum: Grey Crowned Crane

Grus leucogeranus: Siberian Crane

Grus virgo: Demoiselle Crane

Grus paradisea: Blue Crane

Grus carunculatus: Wattled Crane

Grus grus: Common Crane


Sarothrura elegans: Buff-spotted Flufftail

Sarothrura boehmi: Streaky breasted Flufftail

Sarothrura ayresi: White-winged Flufftail

Rallus aquaticus: Water Rail

Rallus caerulescens: African Rail

Crecopsis egregia: African Crake

Crex crex: Corncrake

Amaurornis flavirostris: Black Crake

Porzana parva: Little Crake

Porzana pusilla: Baillon's Crake

Porzana porzana: Spotted Crake

Aenigmatolimnas marginalis: Striped Crake

Porphyrio alleni: Allen's Gallinule

Gallinula chloropus: Common Moorhen

Gallinula angulata: Lesser Moorhen

Fulica cristata: Red-knobbed Coot

Fulica atra: Common Coot


Dromas ardeola: Crab Plover


Haematopus ostralegus: Eurasian Oystercatcher

Haematopus moquini: African Black Oystercatcher


Himantopus himantopus: Black winged Stilt

Recurvirostra avosetta: Pied Avocet


Burhinus senegalensis: Senegal Thick-knee


Pluvianus aegyptius: Egyptian Plover

Glareola pratincola: Collared Pratincole

Glareola nordmanni: Black winged Pratincole

Glareola ocularis: Madagascar Pratincole

Glareola nuchalis: Rock Pratincole

Glareola cinerea: Grey Pratincole


Pluvialis apricaria: Eurasian Golden Plover

Pluvialis fulva: Pacific Golden Plover

Pluvialis squatarola: Grey Plover

Charadrius hiaticula: Common Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius: Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius pecuarius: Kittlitz's Plover

Charadrius tricollaris: Three banded Plover

Charadrius forbesi: Forbes's Plover

Charadrius pallidus: Chestnut banded Plover

Charadrius alexandrinus: Kentish Plover

Charadrius marginatus: White fronted Plover

Charadrius mongolus: Mongolian Plover

Charadrius leschenaultii: Greater Sandplover

Charadrius asiaticus: Caspian Plover

Eudromias morinellus: Eurasian Dotterel

Vanellus vanellus: Northern Lapwing

Vanellus spinosus: Spur winged Plover

Vanellus albiceps: White headed Lapwing

Vanellus senegallus: Wattled Lapwing

Vanellus lugubris: Senegal Lapwing

Vanellus melanopterus: Black winged Lapwing

Vanellus coronatus: Crowned Lapwing

Vanellus superciliosus: Brown chested Lapwing

Vanellus gregarius: Sociable Plover

Vanellus leucurus: White tailed Plover


Scolopax rusticola: Eurasian Woodcock

Gallinago stenura: Pintail Snipe

Gallinago media: Great Snipe

Gallinago gallinago: Common Snipe

Lymnocryptes minimus: Jack Snipe

Limosa limosa: Black tailed Godwit

Limosa lapponica: Bar tailed Godwit

Numenius phaeopus: Whimbrel

Numenius tenuirostris: Slender billed Curlew

Numenius arquata: Eurasian Curlew

Tringa erythropus: Spotted Redshank

Tringa totanus: Common Redshank

Tringa stagnatilis: Marsh Sandpiper

Tringa nebularia: Common Greenshank

Tringa ochropus: Green Sandpiper

Tringa glareola: Wood Sandpiper

Tringa cinerea: Terek Sandpiper

Tringa hypoleucos: Common Sandpiper

Arenaria interpres: Ruddy Turnstone

Calidris tenuirostris: Great Knot

Calidris canutus: : Red Knot

Calidris alba: Sanderling

Calidris minuta: Little Stint

Calidris temminckii: Temminck's Stint

Calidris maritima: Purple Sandpiper

Calidris alpina: Dunlin

Calidris ferruginea: Curlew Sandpiper

Limicola falcinellus: Broad billed Sandpiper

Philomachus pugnax: Ruff

Phalaropus lobatus: Red necked Phalarope

Phalaropus fulicaria: Grey Phalarope


Larus leucophthalmus: White-eyed Gull

Larus hemprichii: Sooty Gull

Larus canus: Common Gull

Larus audouinii: Audouin's Gull

Larus marinus: Great Black-backed Gull

Larus dominicanus: Kelp Gull

Larus hyperboreus: Glaucous Gull

Larus glaucoides: Iceland Gull

Larus argentatus: Herring Gull

Larus heuglini: Heuglin's Gull

Larus armenicus: Armenian Gull

Larus cachinnans: Yellow-legged Gull

Larus fuscus: Lesser Black-backed Gull

Larus ichthyaetus: Great Black headed Gull

Larus cirrocephalus: Grey-headed Gull

Larus hartlaubii: Hartlaub's Gull

Larus ridibundus: Common Black-headed Gull

Larus genei: Slender billed Gull

Larus melanocephalus: Mediterranean Gull

Larus minutus: Little Gull

Xema sabini: Sabine's Gull

Sterna nilotica: Gull billed Tern

Sterna caspia: Caspian Tern

Sterna maxima: Royal Tern

Sterna bengalensis: Lesser Crested Tern

Sterna bergii: Great Crested Tern

Sterna sandvicensis: Sandwich Tern

Sterna dougallii: Roseate Tern

Sterna vittata: Antarctic Tern

Sterna hirundo: Common Tern

Sterna paradisaea: Arctic Tern

Sterna albifrons: Little Tern

Sterna saundersi: Saunders's Tern

Sterna balaenarum: Damara Tern

Sterna repressa: White cheeked Tern

Chlidonias hybridus: Whiskered Tern

Chlidonias leucopterus: White winged Tern

Chlidonias niger: Black Tern


Rynchops flavirostris: African Skimmer