Agreement between the Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation on the Protection of Migratory Birds with Annex

Filename: 1994-Russia-KoreaMigratoryBirds.EN.txt
Source: United Nations Treaty Series, Vol. 1832, No. 31354

Agreement Between The Republic Of Korea And The Russian Federation On The Protection Of Migratory Birds

Source: United Nations Treaty Series, Vol. 1832, No. 31354

The Government of the Republic of Korea and the Government of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as 'the Contracting Parties'),

Considering that birds not only constitute an important element in but also play an essential role in enriching the natural environment and that this role may be enhanced by proper management thereof,

Recognizing that many species of birds migrate between and seasonally live in both countries and that certain species of birds are in danger of extinction,

Desiring to cooperate mutually in taking measures for the management and protection of migratory birds and their habitat and the prevention of the extinction of certain birds,

Have agreed as follows:

Article 1

In this Agreement, the term 'migratory birds' means the species and subspecies of birds for which there is reliable evidence of migration between the two countries.

Article 2

1. The list of the species defined as migratory birds in accordance with Article 1 is included in the Annex to this Agreement.

2. Each Contracting Party shall review the Annex from time to time and, if necessary, make recommendations to the other Contracting Party to amend it.

3. The Annex shall be considered amended three months after the date when the acceptance of such recommendations is confirmed through an exchange of diplomatic notes between both Contracting Parties.

Article 3

Each Contracting Party shall prohibit the taking of migratory birds or their eggs. Any sale, purchase or exchange of these birds or their eggs, taken illegally, or the products thereof or their parts shall also be prohibited. However, exceptions to the prohibition of taking will be made in accordance with the laws and regulations of each Contracting Party in the following cases:

(a) For scientific, educational, propagative or other specific purposes consistent with the objectives of this Agreement;

(b) For protecting persons and property; and

(c) For hunting during the hunting seasons at the hunting grounds in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations of both countries.

Article 4

1. Both Contracting Parties shall take special measures for the preservation of species or subspecies of birds which are in danger of extinction.

2. Whenever either Contracting Party has determined that certain species or subspecies of birds are in danger of extinction and need to be protected urgently, it shall inform the other Contracting Party of such determination and its cancellation.

3. Each Contracting Party shall control the exportation or importation of such species or subspecies of birds as are determined in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article, and of the products thereof.

Article 5

1. The Contracting Parties shall exchange data or publications and conduct joint research for the conservation of migratory birds and birds in danger of extinction.

2. The Contracting Parties shall designate conservation area for management and conservation of habitat of migratory birds and birds in danger of extinction.

Article 6

Each Contracting Party shall endeavour to take appropriate measures to conserve and improve the environment of birds protected under Articles 3 and 4 of this Agreement. In particular, it shall:

(a) Seek means to prevent damage to such birds and their environment;

(b) Endeavour to take such measures deemed necessary to control the importation of animals and plants determined to be hazardous to the conservation of such birds; and

(c) Endeavour to take such measures deemed necessary to control the importation of animals and plants which could disturb the ecosystems of a unique natural environment (including islands).

Article 7

1. Each Contracting Party shall take measures necessary to serve the purposes of this Agreement.

2. The Contracting Parties will hold experts conference and make mutual visitations, if necessary, for the joint work to protect migratory birds.

Article 8

Upon the request of either Contracting Party, both Contracting Parties shall hold consultations regarding the operation of this Agreement.

Article 9

1. This Agreement shall enter into force thirty days after the date of signature.

2. This Agreement shall remain in force for a period of fifteen years and continue in force thereafter unless either Contracting Party notifies in writing one year in advance of its intention to terminate this Agreement.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement.

DONE in duplicate at Moscow this 2nd day of June, 1994 in the Korean, Russian and English languages, all texts being equally authentic. In case of any divergence in interpretation, the English text shall prevail.

For the Government of the Republic of Korea [signature] Han Sung-joo

For the Government of the Russian Federation [signature] A. Kozyrev



Common Name Scientific Name

[For the text of the annex, see p. 44 of the Korean text.]