Wide 3128

Membership Information for: Convention On Biological Diversity

Signed: 1992-06-05; Entered into force: 1993-12-29; Terminated:
Source for membership data: https://treaties.un.org/pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=XXVII-8&chapt...
Last downloaded: 2016-10-15; Last known update: 2015-05-05
The following is data currently in the IEA database for agreement actions. Agreement actions (signature, ratification, entry into force) can change frequently. The IEA Database Project updates this data approximately once a year and tries to ensure it is current and accurate. You are encouraged to visit the Secretariat for the Convention on Biological Diversity website to look for the most accurate and up-to-date membership information. If you have questions about this data or notice inaccuracies, please contact the Project Director.
Country1992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Ratifiers6141810330021100000020000000000
Members (agreement in force)03090127162169174176178181186187188188189190191191193193193193193195195195195195
Afghanistan0000000000222222222222222222
Albania0022222222222222222222222222
Algeria0002222222222222222222222222
Andorra0000000000000000000000022222
Angola0000002222222222222222222222
Antigua and Barbuda0222222222222222222222222222
Argentina0012222222222222222222222222
Armenia0222222222222222222222222222
Australia0222222222222222222222222222
Austria0022222222222222222222222222
Azerbaijan0000000022222222222222222222
Bahamas0222222222222222222222222222
Bahrain0000222222222222222222222222
Bangladesh0022222222222222222222222222
Barbados0122222222222222222222222222
Belarus0222222222222222222222222222
Belgium0000122222222222222222222222
Belize0122222222222222222222222222
Benin0022222222222222222222222222
Bhutan0002222222222222222222222222
Bolivia0012222222222222222222222222
Bosnia and Herzegovina0000000000222222222222222222
Botswana0001222222222222222222222222
Brazil0022222222222222222222222222
Brunei Darussalam0000000000000000222222222222
Bulgaria0000222222222222222222222222
Burkina Faso0222222222222222222222222222
Burundi0000022222222222222222222222
Cambodia0002222222222222222222222222
Cameroon0012222222222222222222222222
Canada1222222222222222222222222222
Cape Verde0002222222222222222222222222
Central African Republic0002222222222222222222222222
Chad0022222222222222222222222222
Chile0022222222222222222222222222
China0222222222222222222222222222
Colombia0012222222222222222222222222
Comoros0022222222222222222222222222
Congo, Democratic Republic of0012222222222222222222222222
Congo, Republic of the0000222222222222222222222222
Cook Islands0222222222222222222222222222
Costa Rica0022222222222222222222222222
Cote d'Ivoire0012222222222222222222222222
Croatia0000122222222222222222222222
Cuba0022222222222222222222222222
Cyprus0000222222222222222222222222
Czech Republic0122222222222222222222222222
Denmark0122222222222222222222222222
Djibouti0022222222222222222222222222
Dominica0022222222222222222222222222
Dominican Republic0000122222222222222222222222
Ecuador0222222222222222222222222222
Egypt0022222222222222222222222222
El Salvador0022222222222222222222222222
Equatorial Guinea0012222222222222222222222222
Eritrea0000222222222222222222222222
Estonia0022222222222222222222222222
Ethiopia0022222222222222222222222222
European Union0122222222222222222222222222
Fiji0222222222222222222222222222
Finland0022222222222222222222222222
France0022222222222222222222222222
Gabon0000022222222222222222222222
Gambia0022222222222222222222222222
Georgia0022222222222222222222222222
Germany0122222222222222222222222222
Ghana0022222222222222222222222222
Greece0022222222222222222222222222
Grenada0022222222222222222222222222
Guatemala0002222222222222222222222222
Guinea0222222222222222222222222222
Guinea-Bissau0001222222222222222222222222
Guyana0022222222222222222222222222
Haiti0000222222222222222222222222
Honduras0002222222222222222222222222
Hungary0022222222222222222222222222
Iceland0022222222222222222222222222
India0022222222222222222222222222
Indonesia0022222222222222222222222222
Iran0000222222222222222222222222
Iraq0000000000000000012222222222
Ireland0000222222222222222222222222
Israel0002222222222222222222222222
Italy0022222222222222222222222222
Jamaica0002222222222222222222222222
Japan0222222222222222222222222222
Jordan0122222222222222222222222222
Kazakhstan0022222222222222222222222222
Kenya0022222222222222222222222222
Kiribati0022222222222222222222222222
Korea, Democratic People's Republic0012222222222222222222222222
Korea, Republic of0012222222222222222222222222
Kuwait0000000000222222222222222222
Kyrgyzstan0000222222222222222222222222
Laos0000222222222222222222222222
Latvia0001222222222222222222222222
Lebanon0012222222222222222222222222
Lesotho0002222222222222222222222222
Liberia0000000012222222222222222222
Libya0000000002222222222222222222
Liechtenstein0000012222222222222222222222
Lithuania0000222222222222222222222222
Luxembourg0022222222222222222222222222
Macedonia0000012222222222222222222222
Madagascar0000222222222222222222222222
Malawi0022222222222222222222222222
Malaysia0022222222222222222222222222
Maldives1222222222222222222222222222
Mali0002222222222222222222222222
Malta0000000012222222222222222222
Marshall Islands1222222222222222222222222222
Mauritania0000222222222222222222222222
Mauritius1222222222222222222222222222
Mexico0222222222222222222222222222
Micronesia0022222222222222222222222222
Moldova0001222222222222222222222222
Monaco1222222222222222222222222222
Mongolia0222222222222222222222222222
Montenegro0000000000000022222222222222
Morocco0002222222222222222222222222
Mozambique0002222222222222222222222222
Myanmar0012222222222222222222222222
Namibia0000022222222222222222222222
Nauru0122222222222222222222222222
Nepal0122222222222222222222222222
Netherlands0022222222222222222222222222
New Zealand0222222222222222222222222222
Nicaragua0001222222222222222222222222
Niger0002222222222222222222222222
Nigeria0022222222222222222222222222
Niue0000222222222222222222222222
Norway0222222222222222222222222222
Oman0002222222222222222222222222
Pakistan0022222222222222222222222222
Palau0000000222222222222222222222
Palestine, Occupied Territories0000000000000000000000022222
Panama0002222222222222222222222222
Papua New Guinea0222222222222222222222222222
Paraguay0022222222222222222222222222
Peru0222222222222222222222222222
Philippines0122222222222222222222222222
Poland0000222222222222222222222222
Portugal0122222222222222222222222222
Qatar0000222222222222222222222222
Romania0022222222222222222222222222
Russian Federation0002222222222222222222222222
Rwanda0000222222222222222222222222
Saint Kitts and Nevis0222222222222222222222222222
Saint Lucia0222222222222222222222222222
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines0000222222222222222222222222
Samoa0022222222222222222222222222
San Marino0012222222222222222222222222
Sao Tome and Principe0000000222222222222222222222
Saudi Arabia0000000001222222222222222222
Senegal0012222222222222222222222222
Serbia and Montenegro0000000000222222222222222222
Seychelles1222222222222222222222222222
Sierra Leone0012222222222222222222222222
Singapore0001222222222222222222222222
Slovakia0022222222222222222222222222
Slovenia0000222222222222222222222222
Solomon Islands0001222222222222222222222222
Somalia0000000000000000012222222222
South Africa0001222222222222222222222222
Spain0122222222222222222222222222
Sri Lanka0022222222222222222222222222
Sudan0001222222222222222222222222
Suriname0000222222222222222222222222
Swaziland0012222222222222222222222222
Sweden0122222222222222222222222222
Switzerland0012222222222222222222222222
Syria0000222222222222222222222222
Tajikistan0000012222222222222222222222
Tanzania0000222222222222222222222222
Thailand0000000000002222222222222222
Timor-Leste0000000000000002222222222222
Togo0001222222222222222222222222
Tonga0000002222222222222222222222
Trinidad and Tobago0000222222222222222222222222
Tunisia0222222222222222222222222222
Turkey0000022222222222222222222222
Turkmenistan0000222222222222222222222222
Tuvalu0000000000122222222222222222
Uganda0222222222222222222222222222
Ukraine0002222222222222222222222222
United Arab Emirates0000000022222222222222222222
United Kingdom0022222222222222222222222222
United States0000000000000000000000000000
Uruguay0122222222222222222222222222
Uzbekistan0002222222222222222222222222
Vanuatu0222222222222222222222222222
Venezuela0022222222222222222222222222
Viet Nam0012222222222222222222222222
Yemen0000222222222222222222222222
Zambia0222222222222222222222222222
Zimbabwe0012222222222222222222222222
Members (agreement in force)03090127162169174176178181186187188188189190191191193193193193193195195195195195
Ratifiers6141810330021100000020000000000

Membership status is coded as follows:

  • Countries listed are those that have signed and/or ratified the IEA in question.
  • Legend:
    • 0 (pink): Signer: country signed but did not ratify IEA. Status is 0 for all countries until IEA enters into force.
    • 1 (yellow): Ratifier: country signed and ratified IEA but IEA had not entered into force. Status is 1 for countries that have ratified until IEA enters into force.
    • 2 (green):Member: country signed and ratified IEA and IEA has entered into force for that country.
    • Ratifier row is count of states that have ratified.
    • Membership row is count (not sum) of members.
  • If membership data source lacks entry into force date, membership is inferred from year of ratification, if that year occurs after entry into force year of IEA.
  • Status can return to 0 if an IEA is terminated or if a country withdraws. In rare cases, countries later re-join IEAs, with their status returning to 2.
  • Action tab: membership by Action, Country, Year, Month, Day.
  • Wide tab: Annual status data (countries as rows, years as columns).
  • Long tab: Annual status data in Stata format (Country, Year, Membership Status).