Wide 3128

Membership Information for: Convention On Biological Diversity

Signed: 1992-06-05; Entered into force: 1993-12-29; Terminated:
Source for membership data: https://treaties.un.org/pages/ViewDetails.aspx
Last downloaded: 2016-10-15; Last known update: 2015-05-05
The following is data currently in the IEA database for agreement actions. Agreement actions (signature, ratification, entry into force) can change frequently. The IEA Database Project updates this data approximately once a year and tries to ensure it is current and accurate. You are encouraged to visit the Secretariat for the Convention on Biological Diversity website to look for the most accurate and up-to-date membership information. If you have questions about this data or notice inaccuracies, please contact the Project Director.
Country19921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Ratifiers61418103300211000000200000000000
Members (agreement in force)03090127162169174176178181186187188188189190191191193193193193193195195195195195195
Afghanistan00000000002222222222222222222
Albania00222222222222222222222222222
Algeria00022222222222222222222222222
Andorra00000000000000000000000222222
Angola00000022222222222222222222222
Antigua and Barbuda02222222222222222222222222222
Argentina00122222222222222222222222222
Armenia02222222222222222222222222222
Australia02222222222222222222222222222
Austria00222222222222222222222222222
Azerbaijan00000000222222222222222222222
Bahamas02222222222222222222222222222
Bahrain00002222222222222222222222222
Bangladesh00222222222222222222222222222
Barbados01222222222222222222222222222
Belarus02222222222222222222222222222
Belgium00001222222222222222222222222
Belize01222222222222222222222222222
Benin00222222222222222222222222222
Bhutan00022222222222222222222222222
Bolivia00122222222222222222222222222
Bosnia and Herzegovina00000000002222222222222222222
Botswana00012222222222222222222222222
Brazil00222222222222222222222222222
Brunei Darussalam00000000000000002222222222222
Bulgaria00002222222222222222222222222
Burkina Faso02222222222222222222222222222
Burundi00000222222222222222222222222
Cambodia00022222222222222222222222222
Cameroon00122222222222222222222222222
Canada12222222222222222222222222222
Cape Verde00022222222222222222222222222
Central African Republic00022222222222222222222222222
Chad00222222222222222222222222222
Chile00222222222222222222222222222
China02222222222222222222222222222
Colombia00122222222222222222222222222
Comoros00222222222222222222222222222
Congo, Democratic Republic of00122222222222222222222222222
Congo, Republic of the00002222222222222222222222222
Cook Islands02222222222222222222222222222
Costa Rica00222222222222222222222222222
Cote d'Ivoire00122222222222222222222222222
Croatia00001222222222222222222222222
Cuba00222222222222222222222222222
Cyprus00002222222222222222222222222
Czech Republic01222222222222222222222222222
Denmark01222222222222222222222222222
Djibouti00222222222222222222222222222
Dominica00222222222222222222222222222
Dominican Republic00001222222222222222222222222
Ecuador02222222222222222222222222222
Egypt00222222222222222222222222222
El Salvador00222222222222222222222222222
Equatorial Guinea00122222222222222222222222222
Eritrea00002222222222222222222222222
Estonia00222222222222222222222222222
Eswatini00122222222222222222222222222
Ethiopia00222222222222222222222222222
European Union01222222222222222222222222222
Fiji02222222222222222222222222222
Finland00222222222222222222222222222
France00222222222222222222222222222
Gabon00000222222222222222222222222
Gambia00222222222222222222222222222
Georgia00222222222222222222222222222
Germany01222222222222222222222222222
Ghana00222222222222222222222222222
Greece00222222222222222222222222222
Grenada00222222222222222222222222222
Guatemala00022222222222222222222222222
Guinea02222222222222222222222222222
Guinea-Bissau00012222222222222222222222222
Guyana00222222222222222222222222222
Haiti00002222222222222222222222222
Honduras00022222222222222222222222222
Hungary00222222222222222222222222222
Iceland00222222222222222222222222222
India00222222222222222222222222222
Indonesia00222222222222222222222222222
Iran00002222222222222222222222222
Iraq00000000000000000122222222222
Ireland00002222222222222222222222222
Israel00022222222222222222222222222
Italy00222222222222222222222222222
Jamaica00022222222222222222222222222
Japan02222222222222222222222222222
Jordan01222222222222222222222222222
Kazakhstan00222222222222222222222222222
Kenya00222222222222222222222222222
Kiribati00222222222222222222222222222
Korea, Democratic People's Republic00122222222222222222222222222
Korea, Republic of00122222222222222222222222222
Kuwait00000000002222222222222222222
Kyrgyzstan00002222222222222222222222222
Laos00002222222222222222222222222
Latvia00012222222222222222222222222
Lebanon00122222222222222222222222222
Lesotho00022222222222222222222222222
Liberia00000000122222222222222222222
Libya00000000022222222222222222222
Liechtenstein00000122222222222222222222222
Lithuania00002222222222222222222222222
Luxembourg00222222222222222222222222222
Madagascar00002222222222222222222222222
Malawi00222222222222222222222222222
Malaysia00222222222222222222222222222
Maldives12222222222222222222222222222
Mali00022222222222222222222222222
Malta00000000122222222222222222222
Marshall Islands12222222222222222222222222222
Mauritania00002222222222222222222222222
Mauritius12222222222222222222222222222
Mexico02222222222222222222222222222
Micronesia00222222222222222222222222222
Moldova00012222222222222222222222222
Monaco12222222222222222222222222222
Mongolia02222222222222222222222222222
Montenegro00000000000000222222222222222
Morocco00022222222222222222222222222
Mozambique00022222222222222222222222222
Myanmar00122222222222222222222222222
Namibia00000222222222222222222222222
Nauru01222222222222222222222222222
Nepal01222222222222222222222222222
Netherlands00222222222222222222222222222
New Zealand02222222222222222222222222222
Nicaragua00012222222222222222222222222
Niger00022222222222222222222222222
Nigeria00222222222222222222222222222
Niue00002222222222222222222222222
North Macedonia00000122222222222222222222222
Norway02222222222222222222222222222
Oman00022222222222222222222222222
Pakistan00222222222222222222222222222
Palau00000002222222222222222222222
Palestine, Occupied Territories00000000000000000000000222222
Panama00022222222222222222222222222
Papua New Guinea02222222222222222222222222222
Paraguay00222222222222222222222222222
Peru02222222222222222222222222222
Philippines01222222222222222222222222222
Poland00002222222222222222222222222
Portugal01222222222222222222222222222
Qatar00002222222222222222222222222
Romania00222222222222222222222222222
Russian Federation00022222222222222222222222222
Rwanda00002222222222222222222222222
Saint Kitts and Nevis02222222222222222222222222222
Saint Lucia02222222222222222222222222222
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines00002222222222222222222222222
Samoa00222222222222222222222222222
San Marino00122222222222222222222222222
Sao Tome and Principe00000002222222222222222222222
Saudi Arabia00000000012222222222222222222
Senegal00122222222222222222222222222
Serbia and Montenegro00000000002222222222222222222
Seychelles12222222222222222222222222222
Sierra Leone00122222222222222222222222222
Singapore00012222222222222222222222222
Slovakia00222222222222222222222222222
Slovenia00002222222222222222222222222
Solomon Islands00012222222222222222222222222
Somalia00000000000000000122222222222
South Africa00012222222222222222222222222
Spain01222222222222222222222222222
Sri Lanka00222222222222222222222222222
Sudan00012222222222222222222222222
Suriname00002222222222222222222222222
Sweden01222222222222222222222222222
Switzerland00122222222222222222222222222
Syria00002222222222222222222222222
Tajikistan00000122222222222222222222222
Tanzania00002222222222222222222222222
Thailand00000000000022222222222222222
Timor-Leste00000000000000022222222222222
Togo00012222222222222222222222222
Tonga00000022222222222222222222222
Trinidad and Tobago00002222222222222222222222222
Tunisia02222222222222222222222222222
Turkey00000222222222222222222222222
Turkmenistan00002222222222222222222222222
Tuvalu00000000001222222222222222222
Uganda02222222222222222222222222222
Ukraine00022222222222222222222222222
United Arab Emirates00000000222222222222222222222
United Kingdom00222222222222222222222222222
United States00000000000000000000000000000
Uruguay01222222222222222222222222222
Uzbekistan00022222222222222222222222222
Vanuatu02222222222222222222222222222
Venezuela00222222222222222222222222222
Viet Nam00122222222222222222222222222
Yemen00002222222222222222222222222
Zambia02222222222222222222222222222
Zimbabwe00122222222222222222222222222
Members (agreement in force)03090127162169174176178181186187188188189190191191193193193193193195195195195195195
Ratifiers61418103300211000000200000000000

Membership status is coded as follows:

  • Countries listed are those that have signed and/or ratified the IEA in question.
  • Legend:
    • 0 (pink): Signer: country signed but did not ratify IEA. Status is 0 for all countries until IEA enters into force.
    • 1 (yellow): Ratifier: country signed and ratified IEA but IEA had not entered into force. Status is 1 for countries that have ratified until IEA enters into force.
    • 2 (green):Member: country signed and ratified IEA and IEA has entered into force for that country.
    • Ratifier row is count of states that have ratified.
    • Membership row is count (not sum) of members.
  • If membership data source lacks entry into force date, membership is inferred from year of ratification, if that year occurs after entry into force year of IEA.
  • Status can return to 0 if an IEA is terminated or if a country withdraws. In rare cases, countries later re-join IEAs, with their status returning to 2.
  • Action tab: membership by Action, Country, Year, Month, Day.
  • Wide tab: Annual status data (countries as rows, years as columns).
  • Long tab: Annual status data in Stata format (Country, Year, Membership Status).