Wide 3128

Membership Information for: Convention On Biological Diversity

Signed: 1992-06-05; Entered into force: 1993-12-29; Terminated:
Source for membership data: https://treaties.un.org/pages/ViewDetails.aspx
Last downloaded: 2016-10-15; Last known update: 2015-05-05
The following is data currently in the IEA database for agreement actions. Agreement actions (signature, ratification, entry into force) can change frequently. The IEA Database Project updates this data approximately once a year and tries to ensure it is current and accurate. You are encouraged to visit the Secretariat for the Convention on Biological Diversity website to look for the most accurate and up-to-date membership information. If you have questions about this data or notice inaccuracies, please contact the Project Director.
Country199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Ratifiers614181033002110000002000000000000
Members (agreement in force)03090127162169174176178181186187188188189190191191193193193193194196196196196196196196
Afghanistan000000000022222222222222222222
Albania002222222222222222222222222222
Algeria000222222222222222222222222222
Andorra000000000000000000000002222222
Angola000000222222222222222222222222
Antigua and Barbuda022222222222222222222222222222
Argentina001222222222222222222222222222
Armenia022222222222222222222222222222
Australia022222222222222222222222222222
Austria002222222222222222222222222222
Azerbaijan000000002222222222222222222222
Bahamas022222222222222222222222222222
Bahrain000022222222222222222222222222
Bangladesh002222222222222222222222222222
Barbados012222222222222222222222222222
Belarus022222222222222222222222222222
Belgium000012222222222222222222222222
Belize012222222222222222222222222222
Benin002222222222222222222222222222
Bhutan000222222222222222222222222222
Bolivia001222222222222222222222222222
Bosnia and Herzegovina000000000022222222222222222222
Botswana000122222222222222222222222222
Brazil002222222222222222222222222222
Brunei Darussalam000000000000000022222222222222
Bulgaria000022222222222222222222222222
Burkina Faso022222222222222222222222222222
Burundi000002222222222222222222222222
Cambodia000222222222222222222222222222
Cameroon001222222222222222222222222222
Canada122222222222222222222222222222
Cape Verde000222222222222222222222222222
Central African Republic000222222222222222222222222222
Chad002222222222222222222222222222
Chile002222222222222222222222222222
China022222222222222222222222222222
Colombia001222222222222222222222222222
Comoros002222222222222222222222222222
Congo, Democratic Republic of001222222222222222222222222222
Congo, Republic of the000022222222222222222222222222
Cook Islands022222222222222222222222222222
Costa Rica002222222222222222222222222222
Cote d'Ivoire001222222222222222222222222222
Croatia000012222222222222222222222222
Cuba002222222222222222222222222222
Cyprus000022222222222222222222222222
Czechia012222222222222222222222222222
Denmark012222222222222222222222222222
Djibouti002222222222222222222222222222
Dominica002222222222222222222222222222
Dominican Republic000012222222222222222222222222
Ecuador022222222222222222222222222222
Egypt002222222222222222222222222222
El Salvador002222222222222222222222222222
Equatorial Guinea001222222222222222222222222222
Eritrea000022222222222222222222222222
Estonia002222222222222222222222222222
Eswatini001222222222222222222222222222
Ethiopia002222222222222222222222222222
European Union012222222222222222222222222222
Fiji022222222222222222222222222222
Finland002222222222222222222222222222
France002222222222222222222222222222
Gabon000002222222222222222222222222
Gambia002222222222222222222222222222
Georgia002222222222222222222222222222
Germany012222222222222222222222222222
Ghana002222222222222222222222222222
Greece002222222222222222222222222222
Grenada002222222222222222222222222222
Guatemala000222222222222222222222222222
Guinea022222222222222222222222222222
Guinea-Bissau000122222222222222222222222222
Guyana002222222222222222222222222222
Haiti000022222222222222222222222222
Honduras000222222222222222222222222222
Hungary002222222222222222222222222222
Iceland002222222222222222222222222222
India002222222222222222222222222222
Indonesia002222222222222222222222222222
Iran000022222222222222222222222222
Iraq000000000000000001222222222222
Ireland000022222222222222222222222222
Israel000222222222222222222222222222
Italy002222222222222222222222222222
Jamaica000222222222222222222222222222
Japan022222222222222222222222222222
Jordan012222222222222222222222222222
Kazakhstan002222222222222222222222222222
Kenya002222222222222222222222222222
Kiribati002222222222222222222222222222
Korea, Democratic People's Republic001222222222222222222222222222
Korea, Republic of001222222222222222222222222222
Kuwait000000000022222222222222222222
Kyrgyzstan000022222222222222222222222222
Laos000022222222222222222222222222
Latvia000122222222222222222222222222
Lebanon001222222222222222222222222222
Lesotho000222222222222222222222222222
Liberia000000001222222222222222222222
Libya000000000222222222222222222222
Liechtenstein000001222222222222222222222222
Lithuania000022222222222222222222222222
Luxembourg002222222222222222222222222222
Madagascar000022222222222222222222222222
Malawi002222222222222222222222222222
Malaysia002222222222222222222222222222
Maldives122222222222222222222222222222
Mali000222222222222222222222222222
Malta000000001222222222222222222222
Marshall Islands122222222222222222222222222222
Mauritania000022222222222222222222222222
Mauritius122222222222222222222222222222
Mexico022222222222222222222222222222
Micronesia002222222222222222222222222222
Moldova000122222222222222222222222222
Monaco122222222222222222222222222222
Mongolia022222222222222222222222222222
Montenegro000000000000002222222222222222
Morocco000222222222222222222222222222
Mozambique000222222222222222222222222222
Myanmar001222222222222222222222222222
Namibia000002222222222222222222222222
Nauru012222222222222222222222222222
Nepal012222222222222222222222222222
Netherlands002222222222222222222222222222
New Zealand022222222222222222222222222222
Nicaragua000122222222222222222222222222
Niger000222222222222222222222222222
Nigeria002222222222222222222222222222
Niue000022222222222222222222222222
North Macedonia000001222222222222222222222222
Norway022222222222222222222222222222
Oman000222222222222222222222222222
Pakistan002222222222222222222222222222
Palau000000022222222222222222222222
Palestine, Occupied Territories000000000000000000000002222222
Panama000222222222222222222222222222
Papua New Guinea022222222222222222222222222222
Paraguay002222222222222222222222222222
Peru022222222222222222222222222222
Philippines012222222222222222222222222222
Poland000022222222222222222222222222
Portugal012222222222222222222222222222
Qatar000022222222222222222222222222
Romania002222222222222222222222222222
Russian Federation000222222222222222222222222222
Rwanda000022222222222222222222222222
Saint Kitts and Nevis022222222222222222222222222222
Saint Lucia022222222222222222222222222222
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines000022222222222222222222222222
Samoa002222222222222222222222222222
San Marino001222222222222222222222222222
Sao Tome and Principe000000022222222222222222222222
Saudi Arabia000000000122222222222222222222
Senegal001222222222222222222222222222
Serbia000000000022222222222222222222
Seychelles122222222222222222222222222222
Sierra Leone001222222222222222222222222222
Singapore000122222222222222222222222222
Slovakia002222222222222222222222222222
Slovenia000022222222222222222222222222
Solomon Islands000122222222222222222222222222
Somalia000000000000000001222222222222
South Africa000122222222222222222222222222
South Sudan000000000000000000000022222222
Spain012222222222222222222222222222
Sri Lanka002222222222222222222222222222
Sudan000122222222222222222222222222
Suriname000022222222222222222222222222
Sweden012222222222222222222222222222
Switzerland001222222222222222222222222222
Syria000022222222222222222222222222
Tajikistan000001222222222222222222222222
Tanzania000022222222222222222222222222
Thailand000000000000222222222222222222
Timor-Leste000000000000000222222222222222
Togo000122222222222222222222222222
Tonga000000222222222222222222222222
Trinidad and Tobago000022222222222222222222222222
Tunisia022222222222222222222222222222
Turkey000002222222222222222222222222
Turkmenistan000022222222222222222222222222
Tuvalu000000000012222222222222222222
Uganda022222222222222222222222222222
Ukraine000222222222222222222222222222
United Arab Emirates000000002222222222222222222222
United Kingdom002222222222222222222222222222
United States000000000000000000000000000000
Uruguay012222222222222222222222222222
Uzbekistan000222222222222222222222222222
Vanuatu022222222222222222222222222222
Venezuela002222222222222222222222222222
Viet Nam001222222222222222222222222222
Yemen000022222222222222222222222222
Zambia022222222222222222222222222222
Zimbabwe001222222222222222222222222222
Members (agreement in force)03090127162169174176178181186187188188189190191191193193193193194196196196196196196196
Ratifiers614181033002110000002000000000000

Membership status is coded as follows:

  • Countries listed are those that have signed and/or ratified the IEA in question.
  • Legend:
    • 0 (pink): Signer: country signed but did not ratify IEA. Status is 0 for all countries until IEA enters into force.
    • 1 (yellow): Ratifier: country signed and ratified IEA but IEA had not entered into force. Status is 1 for countries that have ratified until IEA enters into force.
    • 2 (green):Member: country signed and ratified IEA and IEA has entered into force for that country.
    • Ratifier row is count of states that have ratified.
    • Membership row is count (not sum) of members.
  • If membership data source lacks entry into force date, membership is inferred from year of ratification, if that year occurs after entry into force year of IEA.
  • Status can return to 0 if an IEA is terminated or if a country withdraws. In rare cases, countries later re-join IEAs, with their status returning to 2.
  • Action tab: membership by Action, Country, Year, Month, Day.
  • Wide tab: Annual status data (countries as rows, years as columns).
  • Long tab: Annual status data in Stata format (Country, Year, Membership Status).