Action 3103

Membership Information for: Protocol On Environmental Protection To The Antarctic Treaty

Signed: 1991-10-04; Entered into force: 1998-01-14; Terminated:
Source for membership data: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/106534.pdf
Last downloaded: 2016-10-15; Last known update: 2014-10-10
The following is data currently in the IEA database for agreement actions. Agreement actions (signature, ratification, entry into force) can change frequently. The IEA Database Project updates this data approximately once a year and tries to ensure it is current and accurate. You are encouraged to visit the Antarctic Treaty Secretariat website to look for the most accurate and up-to-date membership information. If you have questions about this data or notice inaccuracies, please contact the Project Director.
Agreement Action Country Year Month Day Edit link
Signature Argentina 1991 10 4
Signature Australia 1991 10 4
Signature Austria 1991 10 4
Signature Belgium 1991 10 4
Signature Brazil 1991 10 4
Signature Canada 1991 10 4
Signature Chile 1991 10 4
Signature China 1991 10 4
Signature Colombia 1991 10 4
Signature Czech Republic 1993 1 1
Signature Denmark 1992 7 2
Signature Ecuador 1991 10 4
Signature Finland 1991 10 4
Signature France 1991 10 4
Signature Germany 1991 10 4
Signature Greece 1991 10 4
Signature Hungary 1991 10 4
Signature India 1992 7 2
Signature Italy 1991 10 4
Signature Japan 1992 9 29
Signature Korea, Democratic People's Republic 1991 10 4
Signature Korea, Republic of 1992 7 2
Signature Netherlands 1991 10 4
Signature New Zealand 1991 10 4
Signature Norway 1991 10 4
Signature Peru 1991 10 4
Signature Poland 1991 10 4
Signature Romania 1991 10 4
Signature Russian Federation (Soviet period) 1991 10 4
Signature Slovakia 1993 1 1
Signature South Africa 1991 10 4
Signature Spain 1991 10 4
Signature Sweden 1991 10 4
Signature Switzerland 1991 10 4
Signature United Kingdom 1991 10 4
Signature United States 1991 10 4
Signature Uruguay 1991 10 4
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Argentina 1993 10 28
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Australia 1994 4 6
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Belarus 2008 7 16
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Belgium 1996 4 26
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Brazil 1995 8 15
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Bulgaria 1998 4 21
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Canada 2003 11 13
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Chile 1995 1 11
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar China 1994 8 2
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Czech Republic 2004 8 25
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Ecuador 1993 1 4
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Finland 1996 11 1
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar France 1993 2 5
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Germany 1994 11 25
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Greece 1995 5 23
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar India 1996 4 26
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Italy 1995 3 31
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Japan 1997 12 15
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Korea, Republic of 1996 1 2
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Malaysia 2016 8 15
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Monaco 2009 7 1
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Netherlands 1994 4 14
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar New Zealand 1994 12 22
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Norway 1993 6 16
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Pakistan 2012 3 1
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Peru 1993 3 8
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Poland 1995 11 1
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Portugal 2014 9 10
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Russian Federation 1997 8 6
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar South Africa 1995 8 3
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Spain 1992 7 1
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Sweden 1994 3 30
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Switzerland 2017 5 2
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar United Kingdom 1995 4 25
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar United States 1997 4 17
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Uruguay 1995 1 11
Ratification, Accession, Succession, or Similar Venezuela 2014 8 1
Entry Into Force Argentina 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Australia 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Belarus 2008 8 15
Entry Into Force Belgium 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Brazil 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Bulgaria 1998 5 21
Entry Into Force Canada 2003 12 13
Entry Into Force Chile 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force China 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Czech Republic 2004 9 24
Entry Into Force Ecuador 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Finland 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force France 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Germany 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Greece 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force India 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Italy 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Japan 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Korea, Republic of 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Malaysia 2016 9 14
Entry Into Force Monaco 2009 7 31
Entry Into Force Netherlands 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force New Zealand 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Norway 1998 1 14
Entry Into Force Pakistan 2012 3 31
Entry Into Force Peru 1998 1 14

Pages

Membership status is coded as follows:

  • Countries listed are those that have signed and/or ratified the IEA in question.
  • Legend:
    • 0 (pink): Signer: country signed but did not ratify IEA. Status is 0 for all countries until IEA enters into force.
    • 1 (yellow): Ratifier: country signed and ratified IEA but IEA had not entered into force. Status is 1 for countries that have ratified until IEA enters into force.
    • 2 (green):Member: country signed and ratified IEA and IEA has entered into force for that country.
    • Ratifier row is count of states that have ratified.
    • Membership row is count (not sum) of members.
  • If membership data source lacks entry into force date, membership is inferred from year of ratification, if that year occurs after entry into force year of IEA.
  • Status can return to 0 if an IEA is terminated or if a country withdraws. In rare cases, countries later re-join IEAs, with their status returning to 2.
  • Action tab: membership by Action, Country, Year, Month, Day.
  • Wide tab: Annual status data (countries as rows, years as columns).
  • Long tab: Annual status data in Stata format (Country, Year, Membership Status).