Displaying 1 - 1911 of 1911

Paragraphs from ALL CODED IEAs that contain at least one paragraph coded as DEFN

Title Treaty Name Label Provision
2597 Convention Respecting Measures For The Preservation And Protection Of The Fur Seals In The North Pacific Ocean Art.9 Article 9
2597 Convention Respecting Measures For The Preservation And Protection Of The Fur Seals In The North Pacific Ocean Art.9.1x The term pelagic sealing is hereby defined for the purposes of this Convention as meaning the killing, capturing or pursuing in any manner whatsoever of fur seals at sea.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.1 Article 1
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.1.1 1. Save as regards the territories mentioned in paragraph 3 (i) of the present article, any Contracting Government shall be at liberty in accordance with the provisions of article 13, to assume, in respect of any of its territories (including metropolitan territories, colonies, overseas territories, or territories under suzerainty, protection, or mandate), only those obligations of the present Convention which are set out in article 9, paragraph 3, 8 and 9. The term "in part" in the present Convention shall be deemed to refer to those obligations.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.1.2 2. The expression "territory" or "territories" in relation to any Contracting Government shall, for the purposes of articles 2-12 of the present Convention denote the territory or territories of that government to which the Convention is applicable in full; and, subject to the provisions of the preceding paragraph and of article 13, the obligations arising under articles 2-12 shall relate only to such territories.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.1.3 3. The present Convention shall apply and shall be applicable in full to
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.1.3.i (i) all the territories (i. e. , metropolitan territories, colonies, overseas territories, or territories under suzerainty, protection, or mandate) of any Contracting Government which are situated in the continent of Africa, including Madagascar and Zanzibar;
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.1.3.ii (ii) any other territory in respect of which a Contracting Government shall have assumed all the obligations of the present Convention in accordance with the provisions of article 13.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.1.4 4. For the purposes of the present Convention the British High Commission Territories in South Africa shall be regarded as territory.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.1.5 5. The present Convention shall not have any application, either in full or in part, to any metropolitan territory not situated in the continent of Africa, except where and to the extent to which a declaration effecting such application is made under article 13.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.2 Article 2
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.2.0x For the purposes of the present Convention
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.2.1 1. The expression "national park" shall denote an area (a) placed under public control, the boundaries of which shall not be altered or any portion be capable of alienation except by the competent legislative authority, (b) set aside for the propagation, protection and preservation of wild animal life and wild vegetation, and for the preservation of objects of aesthetic, geological, prehistoric, historical, archaeological, or other scientific interest for the benefit, advantage, and enjoyment of the general public, (c) in which the hunting, killing or capturing of fauna and the destruction or collection of flora is prohibited except by or under the direction or control of the park authorities. In accordance with the above provisions facilities shall, so far as possible, be given to the general public for observing the fauna and flora in national parks.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.2.2 2. The term "strict natural reserve" shall denote an area placed under public control, throughout which any form of hunting or fishing, any undertakings connected with forestry, agriculture, or mining, any excavations or prospecting, drilling, levelling of the ground, or construction, any work involving the alteration of the configuration of the soil or the character of the vegetation, any act likely to harm or disturb the fauna and flora, and the introduction of any species of fauna and flora whether indigenous or imported, wild or domesticated, shall be strictly forbidden; which it shall be forbidden to enter, traverse, or camp in without a special written permit from the competent authorities; and in which scientific investigations may only be undertaken by permission of those authorities.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.2.3 3. The expression "animal" or "species" shall denote all vertebrates and invertebrates (including non-edible fish, but not including edible fish except in a national park or strict natural reserve), their nests, eggs, egg-shells, skins, and plumage.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9 Article 9
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.1 1. Each Contracting Government shall take the necessary measures to control and regulate in each of its territories the internal, and the import and export, traffic in, and the manufacture of articles from, trophies as defined in paragraph 8 of the present article, with a view to preventing the import or export of, or any dealing in trophies other than such as have been originally killed, captured or collected in accordance with the laws and regulations of the territory concerned.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.2 2. The export of trophies to any destination whatsoever shall be prohibited unless the exporter has been granted a certificate permitting export and issued by a competent authority. Such certificate shall only be issued where the trophies have been lawfully imported or lawfully obtained. In the event of an attempted export without any certificate having been granted, the authorities of the territory where this attempt takes place shall apply such penalties as they may think necessary.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.3 3. The import of trophies which have been exported from any territory to which the present Convention is applicable in full, whether a territory of another Contracting Government or not, shall be prohibited except on production of a certificate or lawful export. failing which the trophy shall be confiscated, but without prejudice to the application of the penalties mentioned in the preceding paragraph.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.4 4. The import and export of trophies, except at places where there is a customs station, shall be prohibited.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.5.a 5. (a) Every trophy consisting of ivory and rhinoceros horn exported in accordance with the provisions of the present article shall be identified by marks which, together with the weight of the trophy shall be recorded in the certificate of lawful export.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.5.b (b) Every other trophy shall, if possible, be similarly marked and recorded, but shall in any event be described in the certificate so as to identify it with as much certainty as possible.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.5.c (c) The Contracting Governments shall take such measures as may be possible by the preparation and circulation of appropriate illustrations or otherwise to instruct their customs officers in the methods of identifying the species mentioned in the annex to the present Convention and the trophies derived therefrom.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.6 6. The measures contemplated in paragraph 1 of the present article shall include provisions that found ivory, rhinoceros horn and all trophies of animals found dead, or accidentally killed, or killed in defence of any persons, shall, in principle, be the property of the Government of the territory concerned, and shall be disposed of according to regulations introduced by that Government, due regard being had to the native rights and customs reserved in the succeeding paragraph.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.7 7. No rights of the kind specified in paragraph 2 of article 8 are to be considered as being prejudiced by the provisions of the preceding paragraphs.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.8 8. For the purposes of the present article the expression "trophy" shall denote any animal, dead or alive, mentioned in the annex to the Convention, or anything part of or produced from any such animal when dead, or the eggs, eggshells, nests or plumage of any bird so mentioned. The expression "trophy" shall not, however, include any trophy or part of a trophy which by a process of bona fide manufacture, as contemplated in paragraph 1 of the present article, has lost its original identity.
2609 Convention Relative To The Preservation Of Fauna And Flora In Their Natural State Art.9.9 9. Each Contracting Government shall furnish to the Government of the United Kingdom information as to the measures taken in order to carry out the obligations of the present article or any part of them. The Government of the United Kingdom will communicate any information so received to all the Governments mentioned in article 5, paragraph 2.
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18 Article 18
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.1x In the present Agreement the following expressions have the meanings respectively assigned to them, that is to say:
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.ax "factory ship" means a ship in which or on which whales are treated whether wholly or in part;
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.bx "whale catcher" means a ship used for the purpose of hunting, taking, towing, holding on to, or scouting for whales;
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.cx "land station" means a factory on the land, or in the territorial waters adjacent thereto, in which or at which whales are treated whether wholly or in part;
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.dx "baleen whale" means any whale other than a toothed whale;
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.ex "blue whale" means any whale known by the name of blue whale, Sibbald's rorqual or sulphur bottom;
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.fx "fin whale" means any whale known by the name of common finback, common finner, common rorqual, finback, fin whale, herring whale, razorback, or true fin whale;
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.gx "grey whale" means any whale known by the name of grey whale, California grey, devil fish, hard head, mussel digger, grey back, rip sack;
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.hx "humpback whale" means any whale known by the name of bunch, humpback, humpback whale, humpbacked whale, hump whale or hunchbacked whale;
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.ix "right whale" means any whale known by the name of Atlantic right whale, Arctic right whale, Biscayan right whale, bowhead, great polar whale, Greenland right whale, Greenland whale, Nordkaper, North Atlantic right whale, North Cape whale, Pacific right whale, pigmy right whale, Southern pigmy right whale or Southern right whale;
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.jx "sperm whale" means an whale known by the name of sperm whale, spermacet whale, cachalot or pot whale;
2612 International Agreement For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.18.2x.kx "length" in relation to any whale means the distance measured on the level in a straight line between the tip of the upper jaw and the notch between the flukes of the tail.
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1 Article I
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1.1 1. The expression national parks shall denote:
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1.1.ax Areas established for the protection and preservation of superlative scenery, flora and fauna of national significance which the general public may enjoy and from which it may benefit when placed under public control.
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1.2 2. The expression national reserves shall denote:
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1.2.ax Regions established for conservation and utilization of natural resources under government control, on which protection of animal and plant life will be afforded in so far as this may be consistent with the primary purpose of such reserves.
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1.3 3. The expression nature monuments shall denote:
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1.3.ax Regions, objects, or living species of flora and fauna of aesthetic, historic or scientific interest to which strict protection is given. The purpose of nature monuments is the protection of a specific object, or a species of flora or fauna, by setting aside an area, an object, or a single species, as an inviolate nature monument, except for duly authorized scientific investigations or government Inspection.
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1.4 4. The expression strict wilderness reserves shall denote:
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1.ax A region under public control characterized by primitive conditions of flora, fauna, transportation and habitation wherein there is no provision for the passage of motorized transportation and all commercial developments are excluded.
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1.5 5. The expression migratory birds shall denote:
2615 Convention On Nature Protection And Wildlife Preservation In The Western Hemisphere Art.1.5.ax Birds of those species, all or some of whose individual members, may at any season cross any of the boundaries between the American countries. Some of the species of the following families are examples of birds characterized as migratory: Charadriidae, Scolopacidae, Caprimulgidae, Hirundinidae.
2617 Constitution Of The Food And Agriculture Organization Of The United Nations Art.1 Article I Functions of the Organization
2617 Constitution Of The Food And Agriculture Organization Of The United Nations Art.1.1 1. The Organization shall collect, analyze, interpret and disseminate information relating to nutrition, food and agriculture. In this Constitution, the term "agriculture" and its derivatives include fisheries, marine products, forestry and primary forestry products.
2617 Constitution Of The Food And Agriculture Organization Of The United Nations Art.1.2 2. The Organization shall promote and, where appropriate, shall recommend national and international action with respect to: scientific, technological, social and economic research relating to nutrition, food and agriculture; the improvement of education and administration relating to nutrition, food and agriculture, and the spread of public knowledge of nutritional and agricultural science and practice; the conservation of natural resources and the adoption of improved methods of agricultural production; the improvement of the processing, marketing and distribution of food and agricultural products; the adoption of policies for the provision of adequate agricultural credit, national and international; the adoption of international policies with respect to agricultural commodity arrangements.
2617 Constitution Of The Food And Agriculture Organization Of The United Nations Art.1.3 3. It shall also be the function of the Organization: to furnish such technical assistance as governments may request; to organize, in cooperation with the governments concerned, such missions as may be needed to assist them to fulfill the obligation arising from their acceptance of the recommendations of the United Nations Conference on Food and Agriculture and of this Constitution; and generally to take all necessary and appropriate action to implement the purposes of the Organization as set forth in the Preamble.
2619 Convention For The Regulation Of The Meshes Of Fishing Nets And The Size Limits Of Fish Art.13 Article 13
2619 Convention For The Regulation Of The Meshes Of Fishing Nets And The Size Limits Of Fish Art.13.1 (1) For the purposes of this Convention the expression "vessel" means:
2619 Convention For The Regulation Of The Meshes Of Fishing Nets And The Size Limits Of Fish Art.13.1.a (a) any vessel or boat employed in fishing for sea fish or in the treatment of sea fish; or
2619 Convention For The Regulation Of The Meshes Of Fishing Nets And The Size Limits Of Fish Art.13.1.b (b) any vessel or boat used partly or wholly for the purposes of the transport of sea fish registered or owned in the territories of any Contracting Government.
2619 Convention For The Regulation Of The Meshes Of Fishing Nets And The Size Limits Of Fish Art.13.2 (2) The expression " territories" denotes in relation to any Contracting Government:
2619 Convention For The Regulation Of The Meshes Of Fishing Nets And The Size Limits Of Fish Art.13.2.a (a) its metropolitan territory;
2619 Convention For The Regulation Of The Meshes Of Fishing Nets And The Size Limits Of Fish Art.13.2.b (b) any territory in respect of which action has been taken by the Contracting Government under Article 16; and the waters where the Contracting Government has exclusive jurisdiction over fisheries.
2621 International Convention For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.2 Article II
2621 International Convention For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.2.0x As used in this Convention:-
2621 International Convention For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.2.1 1. "Factory ship" means a ship in which or on which whales are treated either wholly or in part;
2621 International Convention For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.2.2 2. "Land station" means a factory on the land at which whales are treated whether wholly or in part;
2621 International Convention For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.2.3 3. "Whale catcher" means a ship used for the purpose of hunting, taking, towing, holding on to, or scouting for whales;
2621 International Convention For The Regulation Of Whaling Art.2.4 4. "Contracting Government" means any Government which has deposited an instrument of ratification or has given notice of adherence to this Convention.
2639 International Convention For The High Seas Fisheries Of The North Pacific Ocean Art.1 Article I
2639 International Convention For The High Seas Fisheries Of The North Pacific Ocean Art.1.1 1. The area to which this Convention applies, hereinafter referred to as "the Convention area," shall be all waters, other than territorial waters, of the North Pacific Ocean which for the purposes hereof shall include the adjacent seas.
2639 International Convention For The High Seas Fisheries Of The North Pacific Ocean Art.1.2 2. Nothing in this Convention shall be deemed to affect adversely (prejudice) the claims of any Contracting Party in regard to the limits of territorial waters or to the jurisdiction of a coastal state over fisheries.
2639 International Convention For The High Seas Fisheries Of The North Pacific Ocean Art.1.3 3. For the purposes of this Convention the term "fishing vessel" shall mean any vessel engaged in catching fish or processing or transporting fish loaded on the high seas, or any vessel outfitted for such activities.
2663 Plant Protection Agreement For The Asia And Pacific Region Art.1 Article I
2663 Plant Protection Agreement For The Asia And Pacific Region Art.1.1x In this Agreement and in the appendices hereto, the following terms shall have the meaning hereby assigned to them, save as otherwise provided:
2663 Plant Protection Agreement For The Asia And Pacific Region Art.1.1x.a (a) The South East Asia and Pacific Region, hereinafter called "the Region", comprises the territories in South East Asia east of the western boarder of Pakistan and south of the Himalayas, the southern border of China and the northern border of the Philippines, and all those territories in the Pacific Ocean, the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean situated wholly or partly in the area bounded by longitudes 100deg. East and 165deg. West and latitudes 15deg. North and 20deg. South, but excluding Australia;
2663 Plant Protection Agreement For The Asia And Pacific Region Art.1.1x.b (b) "plant" or "plants" means all species of plants or parts thereof, whether living or dead (including stems, branches, tubers, bulbs, corms, stocks, budwood, cuttings, layers, slips, suckers, roots, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds and any other parts of plants);
2663 Plant Protection Agreement For The Asia And Pacific Region Art.1.1x.c (c) "territory" means a State or Territory within the Region defined in (a) above;
2663 Plant Protection Agreement For The Asia And Pacific Region Art.1.1x.d (d) "the Organization" means the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations;
2663 Plant Protection Agreement For The Asia And Pacific Region Art.1.1x.e (e) "the Committee" means the Plant Protection Committee for the South East Asia and Pacific Region established in pursuance of Article II of this Agreement.
2668 Interim Convention On Conservation Of North Pacific Fur Seals Art.1 Article I
2668 Interim Convention On Conservation Of North Pacific Fur Seals Art.1.1 1. The term "pelagic sealing" is hereby defined for the purposes of this Convention as meaning the killing, taking, or hunting in any manner whatsoever of fur seals at sea.
2668 Interim Convention On Conservation Of North Pacific Fur Seals Art.1.2 2. The words "each year", "annual" and "annually" as used hereinafter refer to the Convention year, that is, the year beginning on the date of entry into force of the Convention.
2668 Interim Convention On Conservation Of North Pacific Fur Seals Art.1.3 3. Nothing in this Convention shall be deemed to affect in any way the position of the Parties in regard to the limits of territorial waters or to the jurisdiction over fisheries.
2672 Convention On The Continental Shelf Art.1 Article 1
2672 Convention On The Continental Shelf Art.1.1x For the purpose of these Articles, the term "continental shelf" is used as referring
2672 Convention On The Continental Shelf Art.1.1x.a (a) to the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas adjacent to the coast but outside the area of the territorial sea, to a depth of 200 metres or, beyond that limit, to where the depth of the superjacent waters admits of the exploitation of the natural resources of the said area;
2672 Convention On The Continental Shelf Art.1.1x.b (b) to the seabed and subsoil of similar submarine areas adjacent to the coasts of islands.
2672 Convention On The Continental Shelf Art.2 Article 2
2672 Convention On The Continental Shelf Art.2.1 1. The coastal State exercises over the continental shelf sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring it and exploiting its natural resources.
2672 Convention On The Continental Shelf Art.2.2 2. The rights referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article are exclusive in the sense that if the coastal State does not explore the continental shelf or exploit its natural resources, no one may undertake these activities, or make a claim to the continental shelf, without the express consent of the coastal State.
2672 Convention On The Continental Shelf Art.2.3 3. The rights of the coastal State over the continental shelf do not depend on occupation, effective or notional, or on any express proclamation.
2672 Convention On The Continental Shelf Art.2.4 4. The natural resources referred to in these Articles consist of the mineral and other non-living resources of the sea-bed and subsoil together with living organisms belonging to sedentary species that is to say, organisms which, at the harvestable stage, either are immobile on or under the seabed or are unable to move except in constant physical contact with the seabed or the subsoil.
2675 Convention On Fishing And Conservation Of The Living Resources Of The High Seas Art.2 Article 2
2675 Convention On Fishing And Conservation Of The Living Resources Of The High Seas Art.2.1x As employed in this Convention, the expression "conservation of the living resources of the high seas" means the aggregate of the measures rendering possible the optimum sustainable yield from those resources so as to secure a maximum supply of food and other marine products. Conservation programs should be formulated with a view to securing in the first place a supply of food for human consumption.
2675 Convention On Fishing And Conservation Of The Living Resources Of The High Seas Art.13 Article 13
2675 Convention On Fishing And Conservation Of The Living Resources Of The High Seas Art.13.1 1. The regulation of fisheries conducted by means of equipment embedded in the floor of the sea in areas of the high seas adjacent to the territorial sea of a State may be undertaken by that State where such fisheries have long been maintained and conducted by its nationals, provided that non-nationals are permitted to participate in such activities on an equal footing with nationals except in areas where such fisheries have by long usage been exclusively enjoyed by such nationals. Such regulations will not, however, affect the general status of the areas as high seas.
2675 Convention On Fishing And Conservation Of The Living Resources Of The High Seas Art.13.2 2. In this Article, the expression "fisheries conducted by means of equipment embedded in the floor of the sea" means those fisheries using gear with supporting members embedded in the sea floor, constructed on a site and left there to operate permanently or, if removed, restored each season on the same site.
2675 Convention On Fishing And Conservation Of The Living Resources Of The High Seas Art.14 Article 14
2675 Convention On Fishing And Conservation Of The Living Resources Of The High Seas Art.14.1x In Articles 1, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 8, the term "nationals" means fishing boats or craft of any size having the nationality of the State concerned, according to the law of that State, irrespective of the nationality of the members of their crews.
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1 Article 1
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.1 1. The area to which this Convention applies (hereinafter referred to as "the Convention area") shall be all waters which are situated:
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.1.a a) within those parts of the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans and their dependent seas which lie north of 36o north latitude and between 42o west longitude and 51o east longitude, but excluding
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.1.a.i (i) the Baltic Sea and Belts lying to the south and east of lines drawn from Hasenere Head to Gniben Point, from Korshage to Spodsbierg and from Gilbierg Head to the Kullen, and
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.1.a.ii (ii) the Mediterranean Sea and its dependent seas as far as the point of intersection of the parallel of 36o latitude and the meridian of 5o 36' west longitude.
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.1.b b) within that part of the Atlantic Ocean north of 59o north latitude and between 44o west longitude and 42o west longitude.
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.2 2. The Convention area shall be divided into regions, the boundaries of which shall be those defined in the Annex to this Convention. The regions shall be subject to such alterations as may be made in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (4) of Article 5 of this Convention.
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.3 3. For the purposes of this Convention
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.3.a a) the expression "vessel" means any vessel or boat employed in fishing for sea fish or in the treatment of sea fish which is registered or owned in the territories of, or which flies the flag of, any Contracting States and;
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.3.b b) the expression "territories" in relation to any Contracting State, extends to
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.3.b.i (i) any territory within or adjacent to the Convention area for whose international relations the Contracting State is responsible;
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.3.b.ii (ii) any other territory, not situated within the Convention area or adjacent to it, for whose international relations the Contracting State is responsible and for which such State shall have made known, by written declaration to the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (hereinafter referred to as the Government of the United Kingdom), either at the time of signature, of ratification, or of adherence, or subsequently, that this Convention shall apply to it;
2680 Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Convention Art.1.3.b.iii (iii) the waters within the Convention area where the Contracting State has exclusive jurisdiction over fisheries
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1 Article I
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A A. For the purposes of this Convention -
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.a a. "Person" means any individual, partnership, any private or public body whether corporate or not, any international organization enjoying legal personality under the law of the Installation State, and any State or any of its constituent sub-divisions.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.b b. "National of a Contracting Party" includes a Contracting Party or any of its constituent sub-divisions, a partnership, or any private or public body whether corporate or not established within the territory of a Contracting Party.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.c c. "Operator", in relation to a nuclear installation, means the person designated or recognized by the Installation State as the operator of that installation.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.d d. "Installation State", in relation to a nuclear installation, means the Contracting Party within whose territory that installation is situated or, if it is not situated within the territory of any State, the Contracting Party by which or under the authority of which the nuclear installation is operated.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.e e. "Law of the competent court" means the law of the court having jurisdiction under this Convention, including any rules of such law relating to conflict of laws.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.f f. "Nuclear fuel" means any material which is capable of producing energy by a self-sustaining chain process of nuclear fission.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.g g. "Radioactive products or waste" means any radioactive material produced in, or any material made radioactive by exposure to the radiation incidental to, the production or utilization of nuclear fuel, but does not include radioisotopes which have reached the final stage of fabrication so as to be usable for any scientific, medical, agricultural, commercial or industrial purpose.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.h h. "Nuclear material" means -
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.h.1 1. nuclear fuel, other than natural uranium and depleted uranium, capable of producing energy by a self-sustaining chain process of nuclear fission outside a nuclear reactor, either alone or in combination with some other material; and
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.h.2 2. radioactive products or waste.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.i i. "Nuclear reactor" means any structure containing nuclear fuel in such an arrangement that a self-sustaining chain process of nuclear fission can occur therein without an additional source of neutrons.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.j j. "Nuclear installation" means -
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.j.1 1. any nuclear reactor other than one with which a means of sea or air transport is equipped for use as a source of power, whether for propulsion thereof or for any other purpose;
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.j.2 2. any factory using nuclear fuel for the production of nuclear material, or any factory for the processing of nuclear material, including any factory for the re-processing of irradiated nuclear fuel; and
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.j.3 3. any facility where nuclear material is stored, other than storage incidental to the carriage of such material; provided that the Installation State may determine that several nuclear installations of one operator which are located at the same site shall be considered as a single nuclear installation.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.k k. "Nuclear damage" means -
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.k.1 1. loss of life, any personal injury or any loss of, or damage to, property which arises out of or results from the radioactive properties or a combination of radioactive properties with toxic, explosive or other hazardous properties of nuclear fuel or radioactive products or waste in, or of nuclear material coming from, originating in, or sent to, a nuclear installation;
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.k.2 2. any other loss or damage so arising or resulting if and to the extent that the law of the competent court so provides; and
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.k.3x if the law of the Installation State so provides, loss of life, any personal injury or any loss of, or damage to, property which arises out of or results from other ionizing radiation emitted by any other source of radiation inside a nuclear installation.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.A.l l. "Nuclear incident" means any occurrence or series of occurrences having the same origin which causes nuclear damage.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.B B. An Installation State may, if the small extent of the risks involved so warrants, exclude any small quantities of nuclear material from the application of this Convention, provided that -
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.B.a a. maximum limits for the exclusion of such quantities have been established by the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency; and
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.B.b b. any exclusion by an Installation State is within such established limits.
2721 Convention On Civil Liability For Nuclear Damage Art.1.Cx The maximum limits shall be reviewed periodically by the Board of Governors.
2729 Act Regarding Navigation And Economic Cooperation Between The States Of The Niger Basin Art.2 Article 2
2729 Act Regarding Navigation And Economic Cooperation Between The States Of The Niger Basin Art.2.1x The utilisation of the River Niger, its tributaries and sub-tributaries, is open to each riparian State in respect of the portion of the River Niger basin lying in its territory and without prejudice to its sovereign rights in accordance with the principles defined in the present Act and in the manner that may be set forth in subsequent special agreements.
2729 Act Regarding Navigation And Economic Cooperation Between The States Of The Niger Basin Art.2.2x The utilisation of the said River, its tributaries and sub-tributaries, shall be taken in a wide sense, to refer in particular to navigation, agricultural and industrial uses, and collection of the products of its fauna and flora.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.1 Article 1
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.1.1 (1) The present Convention applies to the waters of the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans and their dependent seas which are more specifically defined in Annex I to this Convention.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.1.2 (2) In this Convention
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.1.2.ax "fishing vessel" means any vessel engaged in the business of catching fish;
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.1.2.bx "vessel" means any fishing vessel and any vessel engaged in the business of processing fish or providing supplies or services to fishing vessels.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9 Article 9
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.1 (1) To facilitate the implementation of the provisions of the Convention the arrangements set out in this Article and in Annex VI to this Convention shall apply outside national fishery limits.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.2 (2) Authorised officers means officers who may be appointed by the Contracting Parties for the purpose of these arrangements.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.3 (3) Any Contracting Party shall, upon the request of another Contracting Party, notify the latter of the names of the authorised officers who have been appointed or of the ships in which such officers are carried.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.4 (4) Authorised officers shall observe whether the provisions of the Convention are being carried out, enquire and report on infringements of the provisions of the Convention, seek information in cases of damage, where desirable draw the attention of vessels of Contracting Parties to the provisions of the Convention, and shall co-operate for these purposes with the authorised officers of other Contracting Parties.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.5 (5) If an authorised officer has reason to believe that a vessel of any Contracting Party is not complying with the provisions of the Convention, he may identify the vessel, seek to obtain the necessary information from the vessel and report. If the matter is sufficiently serious, he may order the vessel to stop and, if it is necessary in order to verify the facts of the case, he may board the vessel for enquiry and report.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.6 (6) If an authorised officer has reason to believe that a vessel or its gear has caused damage to a vessel or fishing gear and that this may be due to a breach of the Convention, he may, under the same conditions as in the preceding paragraph, order any vessel concerned to stop and board it for enquiry and report.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.7 (7) An authorised officer shall not order a fishing vessel to stop while it is actually fishing or engaged in shooting or hauling gear except in an emergency to avoid damage to vessels or gear.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.8 (8) An authorised officer shall not pursue his enquiries further than is necessary to satisfy him either that there has been no breach of the Convention, or, where it appears to him that a breach has occurred, to secure information about the relevant facts, always acting in such a manner that vessels suffer the minimum interference and inconvenience.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.9 (9) An authorised officer may, in case of damage to a vessel or fishing gear, offer to conciliate at sea, and if the parties concerned agree to this, assist them in reaching a settlement. At the request of the parties concerned the authorised officer shall draw up a protocol recording the settlement reached.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.10 (10) Resistance by a vessel to the directions of an authorised officer shall be deemed as resistance to the authority of the flag State of that vessel.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.11 (11) The Contracting Parties shall consider and act on reports of foreign authorised officers under these arrangements on the same basis as reports or national officers. The provisions of this paragraph shall not impose any obligation on a Contracting Party to give the report of a foreign authorised officer a higher evidential value than it would possess in the authorised officer's own country. Contracting Parties shall collaborate in order to facilitate judicial or other proceedings arising from a report of an authorised officer under this Convention.
2758 Convention On The Conduct Of Fishing Operations In The North Atlantic Art.9.12 (12) An authorised officer shall not exercise his powers to board a vessel of another Contracting Party if an authorised officer of that Contracting Party is available and in a position to do so himself.
2772 Agreement On Administrative Arrangements For The Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power And Irrigation Development Project Art.1 Article I
2772 Agreement On Administrative Arrangements For The Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power And Irrigation Development Project Art.1.0x Except where the context otherwise requires, the following terms have the following meanings wherever used in this Agreement:
2772 Agreement On Administrative Arrangements For The Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power And Irrigation Development Project Art.1.1 (1) "The Project" means the Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power and Irrigation Development Project as defined in the Annex.
2772 Agreement On Administrative Arrangements For The Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power And Irrigation Development Project Art.1.2 (2) "Coordinator" means the individual to be appointed, at the request of the Parties, by the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
2772 Agreement On Administrative Arrangements For The Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power And Irrigation Development Project Art.1.3 (3) "Cooperating Members" means the Governments of Australia, Canada, the Federal Republic of Germany, India, Italy, Japan, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Pakistan, the Philippines and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and any Government, or intergovernmental organisation which may join this agreement at a later date in accordance with Article 10 of the Agreement.
2772 Agreement On Administrative Arrangements For The Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power And Irrigation Development Project Art.1.4 (4) "The Government" means the Government of Cambodia.
2772 Agreement On Administrative Arrangements For The Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power And Irrigation Development Project Art.1.5 (5) "The Corporation" means the Société Nationale des Grands Barrages established under Cambodian Law No. 323 of 28 May 1965, to take charge of construction and operation of the Project.
2772 Agreement On Administrative Arrangements For The Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power And Irrigation Development Project Art.1.6 (6) "The Bank" means the National Bank of Cambodia.
2772 Agreement On Administrative Arrangements For The Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power And Irrigation Development Project Art.1.7 (7) "Bilateral Agreements" means the individual agreements between the Government and each Cooperating Member relating to the latter's assistance in the financing of the Project.
2772 Agreement On Administrative Arrangements For The Prek Thnot (Cambodia) Power And Irrigation Development Project Art.1.8 (8) "Parties" means the Cooperating Members and the Government of Cambodia.
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3 Article III Definitions
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x For the purposes of the present Convention, the meaning of the following expressions shall be as defined below:
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.a (a) "Natural Resources" means renewable resources, that is soil, water, flora and fauna;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.b (b) "Specimen" means an individual example of a species of wild animal or wild plant or part of a wild plant;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.c (c) "Trophy" means any dead animal specimen or part thereof whether included in a manufactured or processed object or otherwise dealt with, unless it has lost its original identity; also nests, eggs and eggshells;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d (d) "Conservation area" means any protected natural resource area, whether it be a strict natural reserve, a national park or a special reserve.
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.1 (1) "Strict nature reserve" means an area:
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.1.i (i) under State control and the boundaries of which may not be altered nor any portion alienated except by the competent legislative authority;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.1.ii (ii) throughout which any form of hunting or fishing, any undertaking connected with forestry, agriculture or mining, any grazing, any excavation or prospecting, drilling, leveling of the ground or construction, any work tending to alter the configuration of the soil or the character of the vegetation, any water pollution and, generally, any act likely to harm or disturb the fauna of flora, including introduction of zoological or botanical species, whether indigenous or imported, wild or domesticated, are strictly forbidden;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.1.iii (iii) where it shall be forbidden to reside, enter, traverse or camp, and where it shall be forbidden to fly over at low altitude, without a special written permit from the competent authority, and in which scientific investigations (including removal of animals and plants in order to maintain an ecosystem) may only be undertaken by permission of the competent authority.
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.2 (2) "national park" means an area:
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.2.i (i) under State control and the boundaries of which may not be altered or any portion alienated except by the competent legislative authority;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.2.ii (ii) exclusively set aside for the propagation, protection, conservation and management of vegetation and wild animals as well as for the protection of sites, land-spaces or geological formations of particular scientific or aesthetic value, for the benefit and enjoyment of the general public; and
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.2.iii (iii) in which the killing, hunting and capture of animals and the destruction or collection of plants are prohibited except for scientific and management purposes and on the condition that such measures are taken under the direction or control of the competent authority;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.2.iv (iv) covering any aquatic environment to which all of the provisions of section (b) (1-3) above are applicable.
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.2.vx The activities prohibited in strict nature reserve under the provisions of section (a) (2) of paragraph (4) of this article are equally prohibited in national parks except in so far as they are necessary to enable the park authorities to implement the provisions of section (2) of this paragraph, by applying, for example, appropriate management practices, and to enable the public to visit these parks; however, sport fishing may be practiced with the authorization and under the control of the competent authority;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.3 (3) "special reserve" means other protected areas such as:
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.3.i (i) "game reserve" which shall denote an area
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.3.i.a (a) set aside for the conservation, management and propagation of wild animal life and the protection and management of its habitat;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.3.i.b (b) within which the hunting, killing or capture of fauna shall be prohibited except by or under the direction or control of the reserve authorities;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.3.i.c (c) where settlement and other human activities shall be controlled or prohibited.
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.3.ii (ii) "partial reserve" or "sanctuary" which shall denote an area
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.3.ii.a (a) set aside to protect characteristic wildlife and especially bird communities, or to protect particularly threatened animal or plant species and especially those listed in the Annex to this Convention, together with the biotopes essential for their survival;
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.3.ii.b (b) in which all other interests and activities shall be subordinated to this end.
2769 African Convention On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.3.1x.d.3.iii (iii) "soil" "water" or "forest" reserve shall denote areas set aside to protect such resources.
2773 European Convention For The Protection Of Animals During International Transport Art.1 Article 1
2773 European Convention For The Protection Of Animals During International Transport Art.1.1 1. Each Contracting Party shall apply the provisions governing the international transport of animals contained in this Convention.
2773 European Convention For The Protection Of Animals During International Transport Art.1.2 2. For the purpose of this Convention international transport is understood to be any movement which involves the crossing of a frontier. Frontier traffic shall, however, be excluded.
2773 European Convention For The Protection Of Animals During International Transport Art.1.3 3. The competent authorities of the country of dispatch shall decide whether the transport is in conformity with the provisions of this Convention. Nevertheless the country of destination or intermediate countries may dispute whether any particular transport conforms with the provisions of this Convention. Such a consignment shall, however, be detained only when it is strictly necessary for the welfare of the animals.
2773 European Convention For The Protection Of Animals During International Transport Art.1.4 4. Each Contracting Party shall take the necessary measures to avoid or reduce to a minimum the suffering of animals in cases when strikes or other unforeseeable circumstances in its territory impede the strict application of the provisions of this Convention. It will be guided for this purpose by the principles set out in this Convention.
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2 Article II
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.0x For the purposes of the present Convention:
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.1 1. "maritime casualty" means a collision of ships, stranding or other incident of navigation, or other occurrence on board a ship or external to it resulting in material damage or imminent threat of material damage to a ship or cargo;
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.2 2. "ship" means:
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.2.a (a) any sea-going vessel of any type whatsoever, and
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.2.b (b) any floating craft, with the exception of an installation or device engaged in the exploration and exploitation of the resources of the sea-bed and the ocean floor and the subsoil thereof;
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.3 3. "oil" means crude oil, fuel oil, diesel oil and lubricating oil;
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.4 4. "related interests" means the interests of a coastal State directly affected or threatened by the maritime casualty, such as:
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.4.a (a) maritime coastal, port or estuarine activities, including fisheries activities, constituting an essential means of livelihood of the persons concerned;
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.4.b (b) tourist attractions of the area concerned;
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.4.c (c) the health of the coastal population and the well-being of the area concerned, including conservation of living marine resources and of wildlife;
2784 International Convention Relating To Intervention On The High Seas In Cases Of Oil Pollution Casualties Art.2.5 5. "Organization" means the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1 Article I
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1.0x For the purposes of this Convention:
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1.1 1. "Ships" means any sea-going vessel and any seaborn craft of any type whatsoever, actually carrying oil in bulk as cargo.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1.2 2. "Person" means any individual or partnership or any public or private body, whether corporate or not, including a State or any of its constituent subdivisions.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1.3 3. "Owner" means the person or persons registered as the owner of the ship or, in the absence of registration, the person or persons owning the ship. However in the case of a ship owned by a State and operated by a company which in that State is registered as the ship's operator, "owner" shall mean such company.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1.4 4. "State of the ship's registry" means in relation to registered ships the State of registration of the ship, and in relation to unregistered ships the State whose flag the ship is flying.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1.5 5. "Oil" means any persistent oil such as crude oil, fuel oil, heavy diesel oil, lubricating oil and whale oil, whether carried on board a ship as cargo or in the bunkers of such a ship.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1.6 6. "Pollution damage" means loss or damage caused outside the ship carrying oil by contamination resulting from the escape or discharge of oil from the ship, wherever such escape or discharge may occur, and includes the costs of preventive measures and further loss or damage caused by preventive measures.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1.7 7. "Preventive measures" means any reasonable measures taken by any person after an incident has occurred to prevent or minimize pollution damage.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1.8 8. "Incident" means any occurrence, or series of occurrences having the same origin, which causes pollution damage.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1.9 9. "Organization" means the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5 Article V
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.1 1. The owner of a ship shall be entitled to limit his liability under this Convention in respect of any one incident to an aggregate amount of 2,000 francs for each ton of the ship's tonnage. However, this aggregate amount shall not in any event exceed 210 million francs.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.2 2. If the incident occurred as a result of the actual fault or privity of the owner, he shall not be entitled to avail himself of the limitation provided in paragraph 1 of this Article.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.3 3. For the purpose of availing himself of the benefit of limitation provided for in paragraph 1 of this Article the owner shall constitute a fund for the total sum representing the limit of his liability with the Court or other competent authority of any one of the Contracting States in which action is brought under Article IX. The fund can be constituted either by depositing the sum or by producing a bank guarantee or other guarantee, acceptable under the legislation of the Contracting State where the fund is constituted, and considered to be adequate by the Court or another competent authority.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.4 4. The fund shall be distributed among the claimants in proportion to the amounts of their established claims.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.5 5. If before the fund is distributed the owner or any of his servants or agents or any person providing him insurance or other financial security has as a result of the incident in question, paid compensation for pollution damage, such person shall, up to the amount he has paid, acquire by subrogation the rights which the person so compensated would have enjoyed under this Convention.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.6 6. The right of subrogation provided for in paragraph 5 of this Article may also be exercised by a person other than those mentioned therein in respect of any amount of compensation for pollution damage which he may have paid by only to the extent that such subrogation is permitted under the applicable national law.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.7 7. Where the owner or any other person establishes that he may be compelled to pay at a later date in whole or in part any such amount of compensation, with regard to which such person would have enjoyed a right of subrogation under paragraphs 5 or 6 of this Article, had the compensation been paid before the fund was distributed, the Court or other competent authority of the State where the fund has been constituted may order that a sufficient sum shall be provisionally set aside to enable such person at such later date to enforce his claim against the fund.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.8 8. Claims in respect of expenses reasonably incurred or sacrifices reasonably made by the owner voluntarily to prevent or minimize pollution damage shall rank equally with other claims against the fund.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.9 9. The franc mentioned in this Article shall be a unit consisting of sixty-five and a half milligrams of gold of millesimal fineness nine hundred. The amount mentioned in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be converted into the national currency of the State in which the fund is being constituted on the basis of the official value of that currency by reference to the unit defined above on the date of the constitution of the fund.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.10 10. For the purpose of this Article the ship's tonnage shall be the net tonnage of the ship with the addition of the amount deducted from the gross tonnage on account of engine room space for the purpose of ascertaining the net tonnage. In the case of a ship which cannot be measured in accordance with the normal rules of tonnage measurement, the ship's tonnage shall be deemed to be 40 per cent of the weight in tons (of 2240 lbs) of oil which the ship is capable of carrying.
2785 International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage Art.5.11 11. the insurer or other person providing financial security shall be entitled to constitute a fund in accordance with this Article on the same conditions and having the same effect as if it were constituted by the owner. Such a fund may be constituted even in the event of the actual fault or privity of the owner but its constitution shall in that case not prejudice the rights of any claimant against the owner.
2776 Agreement For Cooperation In Dealing With Pollution Of The North Sea By Oil Art.2 Article 2
2776 Agreement For Cooperation In Dealing With Pollution Of The North Sea By Oil Art.2.1x For the purposes of this Agreement the North Sea area means the North Sea proper southwards of latitude 61 deg N together with:
2776 Agreement For Cooperation In Dealing With Pollution Of The North Sea By Oil Art.2.1x.a a) the Stagerrak, the southern limit of which is determined by a line joining Skagen and Pater Noster Shaaren,
2776 Agreement For Cooperation In Dealing With Pollution Of The North Sea By Oil Art.2.1x.b b) the English Channnel and its approaches eastwards of a line drawn fifty nautical miles to the west of a line joining the Scilly Isles and Ushant.
2787 Benelux Convention On The Hunting And Protection Of Birds Art.1 Article 1
2787 Benelux Convention On The Hunting And Protection Of Birds Art.1.1 1. Each of the three Governments undertakes to classify game in its national laws according to the following categories: large game, small game, wild fowl and other game.
2787 Benelux Convention On The Hunting And Protection Of Birds Art.1.2 2. For the purposes of this Convention, these terms shall have the following meaning:
2787 Benelux Convention On The Hunting And Protection Of Birds Art.1.2.a a) large game: European red deer (Cervus elaphus), roe deer (roebuck) (Capreolus capreolus), fallow deer (Dama dama) Sardinian and Corsican mouflon (Ovis musimon) European wild boar (Sus scrofa);
2787 Benelux Convention On The Hunting And Protection Of Birds Art.1.2.b b) small game: common hare (Lepus europaeus), pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), black grouse (Lyryrys tetrix), Hungarian (European) partridge (Perdix perdix), European woodcock (Scolopax rusticola);
2787 Benelux Convention On The Hunting And Protection Of Birds Art.1.2.c c) wild fowl, all species of goose and duck (Anatidae), Eurasian golden plover (Pluvialis) appricarius), common snipe (Gallinago gallinago) great snipe (Gallinago media), jacksnipe (Lymnocryptes minimus), European coot (Fulica atra);
2787 Benelux Convention On The Hunting And Protection Of Birds Art.1.2.d d) other game: wood-pigeon (Colomba palumbus), carrion- crow and hooded crow (Corvus corone corone and Corvus corone cornix), rook (Corvus frugilegus), jackdaw (Corvus monedula), common jay (Garrulus glandarius), black-billed magpie (Pica pica), European rabbit (Orvctolagus cuniculus), common red fox (Vulpes vulpes), European wildcat (Felis catus), polecat (Putorius putorius), stoat (Mustela erminea) common weasel (Mustela nivalis), pine marten and beech (stone) marten (Martes martes and Martes fiona), Eurasian badger (Meles meles), Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) and seal (Phoca vitulina and Halichoerus grypus).
2787 Benelux Convention On The Hunting And Protection Of Birds Art.1.3 3. The Committee of Ministers, established under article 15 of the Treaty instituting the Benelux Economic Union, may change or supplement any of the Categories specified in paragraph 2 by decisions taken in conformity with article 19 (a) of the Treaty for the Union.
2787 Benelux Convention On The Hunting And Protection Of Birds Art.1.4 4. Pending harmonization of the categories of game, each of the Contracting Parties may add other species of animal to the aforementioned categories.
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.1 Article 1
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.10 Article 10
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.10.1 1. Contributions to the Fund shall be made in respect of each Contracting State by any person who, in the calendar year referred to in Article 11, paragraph 1, as regards initial contributions and in Article 12, paragraphs 2(a) or (b), as regards annual contributions, has received in total quantities exceeding 150,000 tons:
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.10.1.a (a) in the ports or terminal installations in the territory of that State contributing oil carried by sea to such ports or terminal installations; and
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.10.1.b (b) in any installations situated in the territory of that Contracting State contributing oil which has been carried by sea and discharged in a port or terminal installation of a non-Contracting State, provided that contributing oil shall only be taken into account by virtue of this sub-paragraph on first receipt in a Contracting State after its discharge in that non-Contracting State.
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.10.2.a 2. (a) For the purposes of paragraph 1, where the quantity of contributing oil received in the territory of a Contracting State by any person in a calendar year when aggregated with the quantity of contributing oil received in the same Contracting State in that year by any associated person or persons exceeds 150,000 tons, such person shall pay contributions in respect of the actual quantity received by him notwithstanding that that quantity did not exceed 150,000 tons.
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.10.2.b (b) "Associated person" means any subsidiary or commonly controlled entity. The question whether a person comes within this definition shall be determined by the national law of the State concerned.
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.32 Article 32
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.32.1x The following provisions shall apply to voting in the Assembly and the Executive Committee:
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.32.1x.a (a) each member shall have one vote;
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.32.1x.b (b) except as otherwise provided in Article 33, decisions of the Assembly and the Executive Committee shall be by a majority vote of the members present and voting;
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.32.1x.c (c) decisions where a three-fourths or a two-thirds majority is required shall be by a three-fourths or two-thirds majority vote, as the case may be, of those present;
2800 International Convention On The Establishment Of An International Fund For Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage Art.32.1x.d (d) for the purpose of this Article the phrase "members present" means "members present at the meeting at the time of the vote", and the phrase "members present and voting" means "members present and casting an affirmative or negative vote". Members who abstain from voting shall be considered as not voting.
2802 Convention For The Prevention Of Marine Pollution By Dumping From Ships And Aircraft Art.19 Article 19
2802 Convention For The Prevention Of Marine Pollution By Dumping From Ships And Aircraft Art.19.1x For the purpose of this Convention:
2802 Convention For The Prevention Of Marine Pollution By Dumping From Ships And Aircraft Art.19.1x.1 1. "Dumping" means any deliberate disposal of substances and materials into the sea by or from ships or aircraft other than:
2802 Convention For The Prevention Of Marine Pollution By Dumping From Ships And Aircraft Art.19.1x.1.a a) any discharge incidental to or derived from the normal operation of ships and aircraft and their equipment;
2802 Convention For The Prevention Of Marine Pollution By Dumping From Ships And Aircraft Art.19.1x.1.b b) the placing of substances and materials for a purpose other than mere disposal thereof, is not contrary to the aim of this Convention.
2802 Convention For The Prevention Of Marine Pollution By Dumping From Ships And Aircraft Art.19.1x.2 2. "Ships and aircraft" means seagoing vessels and air-borne craft, floating craft whether self-propelled or not, and fixed or floating platforms.
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.1 Article 1
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.1.1x For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "cultural heritage":
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.1.1x.ax monuments: architectural works, works of monumental sculpture and painting, elements or structures of an archaeological nature, inscriptions, cave dwellings and combinations of features, which are of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art or science;
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.1.1x.bx groups of buildings: groups of separate or connected buildings which, because of their architecture, their homogeneity or their place in the landscape, are of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art or science;
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.1.1x.cx sites: works of man or the combined works of nature and man, and areas including archaeological sites which are of outstanding universal value from the historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological point of view.
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.2 Article 2
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.2.1x For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage":
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.2.1x.ax natural features consisting of physical and biological formations or groups of such formations, which are of outstanding universal value from the aesthetic or scientific point of view;
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.2.1x.bx geological and physiographical formations and precisely delineated areas which constitute the habitat of threatened species of animals and plants of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation;
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.2.1x.cx natural sites or precisely delineated natural areas of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science, conservation or natural beauty.
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.7 Article 7
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Art.7.1x For the purpose of this Convention, international protection of the world cultural and natural heritage shall be understood to mean the establishment of a system of international co-operation and assistance designed to support States Parties to the Convention in their efforts to conserve and identify that heritage.
2812 Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage Sect.3 III. INTERGOVERNMENTAL COMMITTEE FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE WORLD CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE
2822 Convention On Fishing And Conservation Of The Living Resources In The Baltic Sea And the Belts Art.4 ARTICLE IV
2822 Convention On Fishing And Conservation Of The Living Resources In The Baltic Sea And the Belts Art.4.1x For the purpose of this Convention the term "vessel" means any vessel or boat employed in catching or treating fish or other living marine organisms and which is registered or owned in the territory of, or which flies the flag of, any Contracting State.
2827 Agreement On Conservation Of Polar Bears Art.1 Article I
2827 Agreement On Conservation Of Polar Bears Art.1.1 1. The taking of polar bears shall be prohibited except as provided in Article III.
2827 Agreement On Conservation Of Polar Bears Art.1.2 2. For the purposes of this Agreement, the term "taking" includes hunting, killing and capturing.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1 Article I
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x For the purpose of the present Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.a (a) "Species" means any species, subspecies, or geographically separate population thereof;
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.b (b) "Specimen" means:
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.b.i (i) any animal or plant, whether alive or dead;
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.b.ii (ii) in the case of an animal: for species included in Appendices I and II, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof; and for species included in Appendix III, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof specified in Appendix III in relation to the species; and
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.b.iii (iii) in the case of a plant: for species included in Appendix I, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof; and for species included in Appendices II and III, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof specified in Appendices II and III in relation to the species;
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.c (c) "Trade" means export, re-export, import and introduction from the sea;
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.d (d) "Re-export" means export of any specimen that has previously been imported;
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.e (e) "Introduction from the sea" means transportation into a State of specimens of any species which were taken in the marine environment not under the jurisdiction of any State;
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.f (f) "Scientific Authority" means a national scientific authority designated in accordance with Article IX;
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.g (g) "Management Authority" means a national management authority designated in accordance with Article IX;
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.h (h) "Party" means a State for which the present Convention has entered into force.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.6 Article VI
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.6.1 1. Permits and certificates granted under the provisions of Articles III, IV, and V shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.6.2 2. An export permit shall contain the information specified in the model set forth in Appendix IV, and may only be used for export within a period of six months from the date on which it was granted.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.6.3 3. Each permit or certificate shall contain the title of the present Convention, the name and any identifying stamp of the Management Authority granting it and a control number assigned by the Management Authority.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.6.4 4. Any copies of a permit or certificate issued by a Management Authority shall be clearly marked as copies only and no such copy may be used in place of the original, except to the extent endorsed thereon.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.6.5 5. A separate permit or certificate shall be required for each consignment of specimens.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.6.6 6. A Management Authority of the State of import of any specimen shall cancel and retain the export permit or re-export certificate and any corresponding import permit presented in respect of the import of that specimen.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.6.7 7. Where appropriate and feasible a Management Authority may affix a mark upon any specimen to assist in identifying the specimen. For these purposes "mark" means any indelible imprint, lead seal or other suitable means of identifying a specimen, designed in such a way as to render its imitation by unauthorized persons as difficult as possible.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8 Article VIII
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.1 1. The Parties shall take appropriate measures to enforce the provisions of the present Convention and to prohibit trade in specimens in violation thereof. These shall include measures:
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.1.a (a) to penalize trade in, or possession of, such specimens, or both; and
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.1.b (b) to provide for the confiscation or return to the State of export of such specimens.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.2 2. In addition to the measures taken under paragraph 1 of this Article, a Party may, when it deems it necessary, provide for any method of internal reimbursement for expenses incurred as a result of the confiscation of a specimen traded in violation of the measures taken in the application of the provisions of the present Convention.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.3 3. As far as possible, the Parties shall ensure that specimens shall pass through any formalities required for trade with a minimum of delay. To facilitate such passage, a Party may designate ports of exit and ports of entry at which specimens must be presented for clearance. The Parties shall ensure further that all living specimens, during any period of transit, holding or shipment, are properly cared for so as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art..8.4 4. Where a living specimen is confiscated as a result of measures referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article:
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.4.a (a) the specimen shall be entrusted to a Management Authority of the State of confiscation;
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.4.b (b) the Management Authority shall, after consultation with the State of export, return the specimen to that State at the expense of that State, or to a rescue centre or such other place as the Management Authority deems appropriate and consistent with the purposes of the present Convention; and
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.4.c (c) the Management Authority may obtain the advice of a Scientific Authority, or may, whenever it considers it desirable, consult the Secretariat in order to facilitate the decision under sub-paragraph (b) of this paragraph, including the choice of a rescue centre or other place.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.5 5. A rescue centre as referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article means an institution designated by a Management Authority to look after the welfare of living specimens, particularly those that have been confiscated.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.6 6. Each Party shall maintain records of trade in specimens of species included in Appendices I, II and III which shall cover:
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.6.a (a) the names and addresses of exporters and importers; and
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.6.b (b) the number and type of permits and certificates granted; the States with which such trade occurred; the numbers or quantities and types of specimens, names of species as included in Appendices I, II and III and, where applicable, the size and sex of the specimens in question.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.7 7. Each Party shall prepare periodic reports on its implementation of the present Convention and shall transmit to the Secretariat:
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.7.a (a) an annual report containing a summary of the information specified in sub-paragraph (b) of paragraph 6 of this Article; and
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.7.b (b) a biennial report on legislative, regulatory and administrative measures taken to enforce the provisions of the present Convention.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.8.8 8. The information referred to in paragraph 7 of this Article shall be available to the public where this is not inconsistent with the law of the Party concerned.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.17 Article XVII
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.17.1 1. An extraordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties shall be convened by the Secretariat on the written request of at least one-third of the Parties to consider and adopt amendments to the present Convention. Such amendments shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties present and voting. For these purposes "Parties present and voting" means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote. Parties abstaining from voting shall not be counted among the two-thirds required for adopting an amendment.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.17.2 2. The text of any proposed amendment shall be communicated by the Secretariat to all Parties at least 90 days before the meeting.
2814 Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora Art.17.3 3. An amendment shall enter into force for the Parties which have accepted it 60 days after two-thirds of the Parties have deposited an instrument of acceptance of the amendment with the Depositary Government. Thereafter, the amendment shall enter into force for any other Party 60 days after that Party deposits its instrument of acceptance of the amendment.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.1 Article 1
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.2 Article 2
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7 Article 7
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.1 1. When allocation of oil is carried out pursuant to Article 13, 14, or 15, each Participating Country shall have a supply right equal to its permissible consumption less its emergency reserve drawdown obligation.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.2 2. A Participating Country whose supply right exceeds the sum of its normal domestic production and actual net imports available during an emergency shall have an allocation right which entitles it to additional net imports equal to that excess.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.3 3. A Participating Country in which the sum of normal domestic production and actual net imports available during an emergency exceeds its supply right shall have an allocation obligation which requires it to supply, directly or indirectly, the quantity of oil equal to that excess to other Participating Countries. This would not preclude any Participating Country from maintaining exports of oil to non-participating countries.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.4 4. The term "permissible consumption" means the average daily rate of final consumption allowed when emergency demand restraint at the applicable level has been activated; possible further voluntary demand restraint by any Participating Country shall not affect its allocation right or obligation.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.5 5. The term "emergency reserve drawdown obligation" means the emergency reserve commitment of any Participating Country divided by the total emergency reserve commitment of the group and multiplied by the group supply shortfall.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.6 6. The term "group supply shortfall" means the shortfall for the group as measured by the aggregate permissible consumption for the group minus the daily rate of oil supplies available to the group during an emergency.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.7 7. The term "oil supplies available to the group" means
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.7.ax -all crude oil available to the group,
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.7.bx #NAME?
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.7.cx #NAME?
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.7.8 8. The term "final consumption" means total domestic consumption of all finished petroleum products.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.18 Article 18
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.18.1 1. The term "base period" means the most recent four quarters with a delay of one-quarter necessary to collect information. While emergency measures are applied with regard to the group or to a Participating Country, the base period shall remain fixed.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.18.2 2. The Standing Group on Emergency Questions shall examine the base period set out in paragraph 1, taking into account in particular such factors as growth, seasonal variations in consumption and cyclical changes and shall, not later than 1st April, 1975, report to the Management Committee. The Management Committee shall make proposals, as appropriate, to the Governing Board, which, acting by majority, shall decide on these proposals not later than 1st July, 1975.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.26 Article 26
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.26.1x The term "oil companies" means international companies, national companies, non-integrated companies and other entities which play a significant role in the international oil industry.
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.28 Article 28
2836 Implementing Agreement On The Technical Exchange Of Information In The Field Of Reactor Safety Research And Development To The Agreement on an International Energy Programme Art.28.1x Information provided on a "non-proprietary basis" means information which does not constitute or relate to patents, trademarks, scientific or manufacturing processes or developments, individual sales, tax returns, customer lists or geological and geophysical information, including maps.
2857 Convention On The Protection Of The Rhine Against Pollution By Chlorides Art.1 Article 1
2857 Convention On The Protection Of The Rhine Against Pollution By Chlorides Art.1.1 1. The Contracting Parties will strengthen their co-operation for the purpose of fighting against the pollution of the Rhine by chloride ions on the basis, during an initial stage, of the provisions of this Convention.
2857 Convention On The Protection Of The Rhine Against Pollution By Chlorides Art.1.2 2. Annex A to the Convention specifies what the Contracting Parties understand by the term "Rhine" for the purposes of the application of the aforementioned Convention.
2845 European Convention For The Protection Of Animals Kept For Farming Purposes Art.1 Article 1
2845 European Convention For The Protection Of Animals Kept For Farming Purposes Art.1.1x This Convention shall apply to the keeping, care and housing of animals, and in particular to animals in modern intensive stock-farming systems. For the purposes of this Convention animals shall mean animals bred or kept for the production of food, wool, skin or fur or for other farming purposes, and modern intensive stock-farming systems shall mean systems which predominantly employ technical installations operated principally by means of automatic processes.
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.1 Having as a common purpose the strengthening of intergovernmental cooperation in plant quarantine and plant protection in North America in order to prevent the introduction and spread of plant pests and noxious weeds and to foster the preservation of plant resources of North America:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.2 The parties to this Agreement agree as follows:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.3.1 1. For the purpose of this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.4.1.A A. "Plant Pest" means any living stage of: any insects, mites, nematodes, slugs, snails, protozoa, or other invertebrate animals, bacteria, fungi, other parasitic plants or reproductive parts thereof, viruses, o any organisms similar to or allied with any of the foregoing, or any infectious substances, which can directly or indirectly injure or cause disease or damage in any plants or parts thereof, or any processed, manufactured, or other products of plants.
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.5.1.B B. "Living Stage" includes the egg, pupal, and larval stages as well as any other living stage.
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.6.1.C C. "Noxious Weed" means any living stage, including but not limited to, seeds and reproductive parts, of any parasitic or other plant of a kind, or subdivision of a kind, which is of foreign origin, is new to or not widely prevalent in the United States, Canada, or Mexico, and can directly or indirectly injure crops, other useful plants, livestock, or poultry or other interests of agriculture, including irrigation, or navigation or the fish and wildlife resources of the United States, Canada or Mexico or the public health.
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.7.2 2. The Parties to this Agreement shall cooperate in preventing the introduction and spread of plant pests in North America by:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.8.2.A A. Keeping under constant review new records and outbreaks of plant pests:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.9.2.B B. Monitoring the movement and spread of established plants pests of concern to the parties of this Agreement:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.10.2.C C. Reviewing progress in detection, eradication and control of plant pests of crops of major importance in North America:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.11.2.D D. Reviewing plant quarantine measures adopted by participating governments and proposing revisions to existing plant quarantine measures and establishment of new measures moving toward uniform plant quarantine regulations:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.12.2.E E. Examining and studying problems in plant quarantine and closely related fields:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.13.2.F F. Keeping parties informed of plant quarantine and protection matters of mutual concern:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.14.2.G G. Promoting arrangements for the training or technical personnel in the fields of plant quarantine and plant protection:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.15.2.H H. Exchanging research and development information relating to plant pests and their control:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.16.2.I I. Adopting compatible phytosanitary certificates patterned after the model certificate as proposed by the International Plant Protection Convention:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.17.2.J J. Jointly participating in programs of research and methods development relating to plant protection and quarantine: and
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.18.2.K K. Taking such other actions as are mutually agreed upon.
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.19.3 3. To facilitate consultation regarding the cooperation regarding the cooperation contemplated in this Agreement representative of the agencies specified in paragraph 3 of this Agreement will meet annually at a North American Plant Protection Agreement (NAPPA) Workshop. The propose of such Workshops is to permit exchange of information relating to the implementation of this Agreement and to provide a forum for the discussion of particular problems which may arise in this field.
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.20.4 4. The agencies with principal responsibility in the implementation of this Agreement designated by the parties to this Agreement respectively shall be:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.21.4.A A. for the United States- the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.22.4.B B. for Canada- the Canada Department of Agriculture, Plant Quarantine Division: and
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.23.4.C C. for Mexico- Secretaria de Agricultura y Ganaderia de Mexico, Direccion General de Sanidad Vegetad:
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.24.5 5. This Agreement may be amended at any time by agreement of the parties.
2852 North American Plant Protection Convention Pre.25.6 6. This Agreement shall enter into force upon date of signature and shall continue in force indefinitely but may be discontinued at the request of any of the parties. Request for termination shall be submitted in writing to the other parties at least thirty (30) days prior to the desired effective date of termination.
2841 Convention For The Protection Of The Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution Art.1 Article 1
2841 Convention For The Protection Of The Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution Art.1.1 1. For the purposes of this Convention, the Mediterranean Sea area shall mean the maritime waters of the Mediterranean Sea proper, including its gulfs and seas, bounded to the west by the meridian passing through Cape Spartel lighthouse, at the entrance of the Straits of Gibraltar, and to the east by the southern limits of the Straits of the Dardanelles between the Mehmetcik and Kumkale lighthouses.
2841 Convention For The Protection Of The Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution Art.1.2 2. Except as may be otherwise provided in any Protocol to this Convention, the Mediterranean Sea area shall not include internal waters of the Contracting Parties.
2841 Convention For The Protection Of The Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution Art.2 Article 2
2841 Convention For The Protection Of The Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution Art.2.1x For the purposes of this Convention:
2841 Convention For The Protection Of The Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution Art.2.1x.a (a) 'Pollution' means the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the marine environment resulting in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources, hazards to human health, hindrance to marine activities including fishing, impairment of quality for use of sea water and reduction of amenities.
2841 Convention For The Protection Of The Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution Art.2.1x.b (b) 'Organization' means the body designated as responsible for carrying out secretariat functions pursuant to Article 13 of this Convention.
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2 Article 2 Definitions
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x For the purposes of this Treaty and the Regulations:
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.I (i) references to a "patent" shall be construed as references to patents for inventions, inventors' certificates, utility certificates, utility models, patents or certificates of addition, inventors' certificates of addition, and utility certificates of addition;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.ii (ii) "deposit of a microorganism" means, according to the context in which these words appear, the following acts effected in accordance with this Treaty and the Regulations; the transmittal of a microorganism to an international depositary authority, which receives and accepts it, or the storage of such a microorganism by the international depositary authority, or both the said transmittal and the said storage;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.iii (iii) "patent procedure" means any administrative or judicial procedure relating to a patent application or a patent;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.iv (iv) "publication for the purposes of patent procedure" means the official publication, or the official laying open for public inspection, of a patent application or a patent;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.v (v) "intergovernmental industrial property organization" means an organization that has filed a declaration under Article 9(1);
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.vi (vi) "industrial property office" means an authority of a Contracting State or an intergovernmental industrial property organization competent for the grant of patents;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.vii (vii) "depositary institution" means an institution which provides for the receipt, acceptance and storage of microorganisms and the furnishing of samples thereof;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.viii (viii) "international depositary authority" means a depositary institution which has acquired the status of international depositary authority as provided in Article 7;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.ix (ix) "depositor" means the natural person or legal entity transmitting a microorganism to an international depositary authority, which receives and accepts it, and any successor in title of the said natural person or legal entity;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.x (x) "Union" means the Union referred to in Article 1;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.xi (xi) "Assembly" means the Assembly referred to in Article 10;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.xii (xii) "Organization" means the World Intellectual Property Organization;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.xiii (xiii) "International Bureau" means the International Bureau of the Organization and, as long as it subsists, the United International Bureau for the Protection of Intellectual Property (BIRPI);
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.xiv (xiv) "Director General" means the Director General of the Organization;
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Art.2.1x.xv (xv) "Regulations" means the Regulations referred to in Article 12.
2863 Treaty On The International Recognition Of The Deposit Of Microorganisms For The Purposes Of Patent Procedure Sect.1 CHAPTER I SUBSTANTIVE PROVISIONS
2888 Convention On Future Multilateral Cooperation In The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Art.1 Article I
2888 Convention On Future Multilateral Cooperation In The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Art.1.1 1. The area to which this Convention applies, hereinafter referred to as "the Convention Area", shall be the waters of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean north of 35°00' north latitude and west of a line extending due north from 35°00' north latitude and 42°00' west longitude to 59°00' north latitude, thence due west to 44°00' west longitude, and thence due north to the coast of Greenland and the waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Davis Strait and Baffin Bay south of 78°10' north latitude.
2888 Convention On Future Multilateral Cooperation In The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Art.1.2 2. The area referred to in this Convention as "the Regulatory Area" is that part of the Convention area which lies beyond the areas in which coastal states exercise fisheries jurisdiction.
2888 Convention On Future Multilateral Cooperation In The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Art.1.3 3. For the purposes of the Convention, "coastal State" shall hereinafter mean a Contracting Party exercising fisheries jurisdiction in waters forming part of the Convention Area.
2888 Convention On Future Multilateral Cooperation In The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Art.1.4 4. This Convention applies to all fishery resources of the Convention Area, with the following exceptions: salmon, tunas and marlins, cetacean stocks managed by the International Whaling Commission or any successor organization, and sedentary species of the Continental Shelf, i.e., organisms which, at the harvestable stage, either are immobile on or under the seabed or are unable to move except in constant physical contact with the seabed or the subsoil.
2888 Convention On Future Multilateral Cooperation In The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Art.1.5 5. Nothing in this Convention shall be deemed to affect or prejudice the positions or claims of any Contracting Party in regard to internal waters, the territorial sea, or the limits or extent of the jurisdiction of any Party over fisheries; or to affect or prejudice the views or positions of any Contracting Party with respect to the law of the sea.
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2 Article II
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2.1x For the purpose of the Convention, unless expressly provided otherwise:
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2.1x.a (a) "Party" means a State for which the Convention has entered into force;
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2.1x.b (b) "Administration" means the Government of the Party whose flag the ship is entitled to fly;
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2.1x.c (c) "Certificate" means a valid document, by whatever name it may be known, issued by or under the authority of the Administration or recognized by the Administration authorizing the holder to serve as stated in this document or as authorized by national regulations;
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2.1x.d (d) "Certificated" means properly holding a certificate;
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2.1x.e (e) "Organization" means the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO);
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2.1x.f (f) "Secretary-General" means the Secretary-General of the Organization;
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2.1x.g (g) "Sea-going ship" means a ship other than those which navigate exclusively in inland waters or in waters within, or closely adjacent to, sheltered waters or areas where port regulations apply;
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2.1x.h (h) "Fishing vessel" means a vessel used for catching fish, whales, seals, walrus or other living resources of the sea;
2884 International Convention On Standards Of Training, Certification And Watchkeeping For Seafarers Art.2.1x.i (i) "Radio Regulations" means the Radio Regulations annexed to, or regarded as being annexed to, the most recent International Telecommunication Convention which may be in force at any time.
2904 Convention On Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Art.1 Article 1
2904 Convention On Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Art.1.1x For the purposes of the present Convention:
2904 Convention On Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Art.1.1x.a (a) "air pollution" means the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the air resulting in deleterious effects of such a nature as to endanger human health, harm living resources and ecosystems and material property and impair or interfere with amenities and other legitimate uses of the environment, and "air pollutants" shall be construed accordingly;
2904 Convention On Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Art.1.1x.b (b) "long-range transboundary air pollution" means air pollution whose physical origin is situated wholly or in part within the area under the national jurisdiction of one State and which has adverse effects in the area under the jurisdiction of another State at such a distance that it is not generally possible to distinguish the contribution of individual emission sources or groups of sources.
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1 Article I
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1 1. For the purpose of this Convention:
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.a a) "Migratory species" means the entire population or any geographically separate part of the population of any species or lower taxon of wild animals, a significant proportion of whose members cyclically and predictably cross one or more national jurisdictional boundaries;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.b b) "Conservation status of a migratory species" means the sum of the influences acting on the migratory species that may affect its long-term distribution and abundance;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.c c) "Conservation status" will be taken as "favourable" when:
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.c.i (1) population dynamics data indicate that the migratory species is maintaining itself on a long-term basis as a viable component of its ecosystems;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.c.ii (2) the range of the migratory species is neither currently being reduced, nor is likely to be reduced, on a long-term basis;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.c.iii (3) there is, and will be in the foreseeable future sufficient habitat to maintain the population of the migratory species on a long-term basis; and
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.c.iv (4) the distribution and abundance of the migratory species approach historic coverage and levels to the extent that potentially suitable ecosystems exist and to the extent consistent with wise wildlife management;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.d d) "Conservation status" will be taken as "unfavourable" if any of the conditions set out in sub-paragraph (c) of this paragraph is not met;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.e e) "Endangered" in relation to a particular migratory species means that the migratory species is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.f f) "Range" means all the areas of land or water that a migratory species inhabits, stays in temporarily, crosses or overflies at any time on its normal migration route;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.g g) "Habitat" means any area in the range of a migratory species which contains suitable living conditions for that species;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.h h) "Range State" in relation to a particular migratory species means any State (and where appropriate any other Party referred to under subparagraph (k) of this paragraph) that exercises jurisdiction over any part of the range of that migratory species, or a State, flag vessels of which are engaged outside national jurisdictional limits in taking that migratory species;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.h.i i) "Taking" means taking, hunting, fishing capturing, harassing, deliberate killing, or attempting to engage in any such conduct;
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.j j) "Agreement" means an international agreement relating to the conservation of one or more migratory species as provided for in Articles IV and V of this Convention; and
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.1.k k) "Party" means a State or any regional economic integration organization constituted by sovereign States which has competence in respect of the negotiation, conclusion and application of international Agreements in matters covered by this Convention for which this Convention is in force.
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.2 2. In matters within their competence, the regional economic integration organizations which are Parties to this Convention shall in their own name exercise the rights and fulfil the responsibilities which this Convention attributes to their member States. In such cases the member States of these organizations shall not be entitled to exercise such rights individually.
2896 Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals Art.1.3 3. Where this Convention provides for a decision to be taken by either a two-thirds majority or a unanimous decision of "the Parties present and voting" this shall mean "the Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote". Those abstaining from voting shall not be counted amongst "the Parties present and voting" in determining the majority.
2905 International Plant Protection Convention (1979 Revised Text) Art.2 ARTICLE II Scope
2905 International Plant Protection Convention (1979 Revised Text) Art.2.1 1. For the purpose of this Convention the term "plants" shall comprise living plants and parts thereof, including seeds in so far as the supervision of their importation under Article VI of the Convention or the issue of phytosanitary certificates in respect of them under Articles IV (1) (a) (iv) and V of this Convention may be deemed necessary by contracting parties; and the term "plant products" shall comprise unmanufactured material of plant origin (including seeds in so far as they are not included in the term "plants") and those manufactured products which, by their nature or that of their processing, may create a risk for the spread of pests.
2905 International Plant Protection Convention (1979 Revised Text) Art.2.2 2. For the purpose of this Convention, the term "pest" means any form of plant or animal life, or any pathogenic agent, injurious or potentially injurious to plants or plant products; and the term "quarantine pest" means a pest of potential national economic importance to the country endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being actively controlled.
2905 International Plant Protection Convention (1979 Revised Text) Art.2.3 3. Where appropriate, the provisions of this Convention may be deemed by contracting parties to extend to storage places, conveyances, containers and any other object or material 1 capable of harbouring or spreading plant pests, particularly where international transportation is involved.
2905 International Plant Protection Convention (1979 Revised Text) Art.2.4 4. This Convention applies mainly to quarantine pests involved with international trade.
2905 International Plant Protection Convention (1979 Revised Text) Art.2.5 5. The definitions set forth in this Article, being limited to the application of this Convention, shall not be deemed to affect definitions established under domestic laws or regulations of contracting parties.
2922 Convention Creating The Niger Basin Authority Art.2 Article 2 COMPOSITION OF THE AUTHORITY
2922 Convention Creating The Niger Basin Authority Art.2.1x The Riparian States of the Niger River, its tributaries and sub-tributaries, who are signatories of this Convention are members of the Authority and hereafter referred to as "Member States".
2922 Convention Creating The Niger Basin Authority Sect.2 Chapter II AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE AUTHORITY
2911 Convention On The Physical Protection Of Nuclear Material Art.1 Article 1
2911 Convention On The Physical Protection Of Nuclear Material Art.1.1x For the purposes of this Convention:
2911 Convention On The Physical Protection Of Nuclear Material Art.1.1x.a a. "nuclear material" means plutonium except that with isotopic concentration exceeding 80% in plutonium-238; uranium-233; uranium enriched in the isotope 235 or 233; uranium containing the mixture of isotopes as occurring in nature other than in the form of ore or ore-residue; any material containing one or more of the foregoing;
2911 Convention On The Physical Protection Of Nuclear Material Art.1.1x.b b. "uranium enriched in the isotope 235 or 233" means uranium containing the isotope 235 or 233 or both in an amount such that the abundance ratio of the sum of these isotopes to the isotope 238 is greater than the ratio of the isotope 235 to the isotope 238 occurring in nature;
2911 Convention On The Physical Protection Of Nuclear Material Art.1.1x.c c. "international nuclear transport" means the carriage of a consignment of nuclear material by any means of transportation intended to go beyond the territory of the State where the shipment originates beginning with the departure from a facility of the shipper in that State and ending with the arrival at a facility of the receiver within the State of ultimate destination.
2932 Agreement On Regional Cooperation In Combating Pollution Of The Southeast Pacific By Oil And Other Harmful Substances In Cases Of Emergency Art.3 Article III
2932 Agreement On Regional Cooperation In Combating Pollution Of The Southeast Pacific By Oil And Other Harmful Substances In Cases Of Emergency Art.3.1x For the purposes of this Agreement, the term "related interests" shall mean the interests of a coastal State directly affected or threatened and, in particular, the following:
2932 Agreement On Regional Cooperation In Combating Pollution Of The Southeast Pacific By Oil And Other Harmful Substances In Cases Of Emergency Art.3.1x.a (a) The quality of life and health of coastal populations;
2932 Agreement On Regional Cooperation In Combating Pollution Of The Southeast Pacific By Oil And Other Harmful Substances In Cases Of Emergency Art.3.1x.b (b) The conservation of living resources;
2932 Agreement On Regional Cooperation In Combating Pollution Of The Southeast Pacific By Oil And Other Harmful Substances In Cases Of Emergency Art.3.1x.c (c) Activities in coastal waters, islands, ports and estuaries, including fishing activities; and
2932 Agreement On Regional Cooperation In Combating Pollution Of The Southeast Pacific By Oil And Other Harmful Substances In Cases Of Emergency Art.3.1x.d (d) The historical and touristic heritage of the area concerned, including sporting and recreational activities.
2926 Convention For Cooperation In The Protection And Development Of The Marine And Coastal Environment Of The West And Central African Region Art.2 Article 2 DEFINITIONS
2926 Convention For Cooperation In The Protection And Development Of The Marine And Coastal Environment Of The West And Central African Region Art.2.0x For the purposes of this Convention:
2926 Convention For Cooperation In The Protection And Development Of The Marine And Coastal Environment Of The West And Central African Region Art.2.1 1. "Pollution" means the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the marine environment, coastal zones, and related inland waters resulting in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources, hazards to human health, hindrance to marine activities, including fishing, impairment of quality for use of sea-water and reduction of amenities.
2926 Convention For Cooperation In The Protection And Development Of The Marine And Coastal Environment Of The West And Central African Region Art.2.2 2. "Organization" means the body designated as the secretariat of the Convention and its related protocols according to article 16 of the Convention.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1 Article I DEFINITIONS
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.0x For the purposes of this Convention and its Protocols, the following terms and expressions have the meanings indicated below, except when otherwise inferred from the text:
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.1 1. "Conservation" of the marine environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden: Rational use by man of living and non-living marine and coastal resources in a manner ensuring optimum benefit for the present generation while maintaining the potential of that environment to satisfy the needs and aspirations of future generations. Such a definition of the term "conservation" should be construed as including conservation protection, maintenance, sustainable and renewable utilization, and enhancement of the environment.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.2 2. "Sea Area": Sea Area as defined in article II of this Convention.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.3 3. "Marine pollution": Introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the marine environment which results or is likely to result in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources, hazards to human health hindrance to marine activities including fishing, impairment of quality for use of sea water and reduction of amenities.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.4 4. "Ships and aircraft": Any waterborne or airborne or amphibious craft of any type whatsoever, including hydrofoil boats, air cushion vehicles submersibles, floating craft whether self-propelled or not, and fixed or floating platforms and any other structure.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.5 5. "Oil": Petroleum in any form including crude oil, fuel oil, sludge, refined oil, gases and other oil products, whose introduction might impair the marine environment.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.6 6. "Harmful substance": Any substance whose introduction or presence in the marine environment causes a danger threatening or impairing that environment.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.7 7. "National Authority": The authority designated by each Contracting Party as responsible for the coordination of national efforts for implementing this Convention and its protocols.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.8 8. "ALECSO": The Arab League Educational Cultural and Scientific Organization.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.9 9. "Organization": The Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment established in accordance with article XVI of this Convention.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.10 10. "Council": The Council established in accordance with article XVI of this Convention.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.11 11. "General Secretariat": The organ of the Organization established in accordance with article XVI of this Convention.
2935 Regional Convention For The Conservation Of The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Environment Art.1.12 12. "Action Plan": The Action Plan for the Conservation of the Marine Environment and Coastal Areas of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.
2939 Benelux Convention On Nature Conservation And Landscape Protection Art.1 Article I
2939 Benelux Convention On Nature Conservation And Landscape Protection Art.1.1 1. The purpose of this Convention is to regulate concerted action and co-operation among the three Governments in the field of conservation, management and rehabilitation of the natural environment and landscapes.
2939 Benelux Convention On Nature Conservation And Landscape Protection Art.1.2 2. For the purposes of this Convention, these terms shall have the following meaning:
2939 Benelux Convention On Nature Conservation And Landscape Protection Art.1.2.ax natural environment: the physical surroundings of man, including a-biotic (non-living) elements such as rocks, water and the atmosphere and biotic (living) elements embracing natural and semi-natural biocenoses including plants and animals in the wild states;
2939 Benelux Convention On Nature Conservation And Landscape Protection Art.1.2.bx natural area: an area in which the biocenoses are not, are no longer, or are only slightly influenced by human action, except where such action is intended to preserve or develop these biocenoses;
2939 Benelux Convention On Nature Conservation And Landscape Protection Art.1.2.cx landscape: a tangible part of the earth defined by the relation and interaction of various factors: soil, relief, water, climate, flora, fauna and man. Within a specified landscape unit, these phenomena give rise to a pattern resulting from the combination of natural, cultural, historical, functional and visual aspects. The landscape may be considered as a reflection of the attitude of the community to its natural environment and the way in which it acts on this environment;
2939 Benelux Convention On Nature Conservation And Landscape Protection Art.1.2.dx conservation, management and rehabilitation: passive or active measures intended to preserve or develop biological, cultural, historical and aesthetic values;
2939 Benelux Convention On Nature Conservation And Landscape Protection Art.1.2.ex transboundary park or area: a park or area lying across an intra-Benelux border.
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2 Article 2
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x For the purposes of this Agreement:
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.1 (1) "Tropical timber" means non-coniferous tropical wood for industrial uses, which grows or is produced in the countries situated between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The term covers logs, sawnwood, veneer sheets and plywood. Plywood which includes in some measure conifers of tropical origin shall also be covered by this definition;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.2 (2) "Further processing" means the transformation of logs into primary wood products, semi-finished and finished products made wholly or almost wholly of tropical timber;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.3 (3) "Member" means a Government or an intergovernmental organization referred to in article 5 which has consented to be bound by this Agreement whether it is in force provisionally or definitively;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.4 (4) "Producing member" means any country with tropical forest resources and/or a net exporter of tropical timber in volume terms which is listed in annex A and which becomes a party to this Agreement, or any country with tropical forest resources and/or a net exporter of tropical timber in volume terms which is not so listed and which becomes a party to this Agreement and which the Council, with the consent of that country, declares to be a producing member;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.5 (5) "Consuming member" means any country listed in annex B which becomes a party to this Agreement, or any country not so listed which becomes a party to this Agreement and which the Council, with the consent of that country, declares to be a consuming member;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.6 (6) "Organization" means the International Tropical Timber Organization established in accordance with article 3;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.7 (7) "Council" means the International Tropical Timber Council established in accordance with article 6;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.8 (8) "Special vote" means a vote requiring at least two thirds of the votes cast by producing members present and voting and at least 60 per cent of the votes cast by consuming members present and voting, counted separately, on condition that these votes are cast by at least half of the producing members present and voting and at least half of the consuming members present and voting;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.9 (9) "Simple distributed majority vote" means a vote requiring more than half of the votes cast by producing members present and voting and more than half of the votes cast by consuming members present and voting, counted separately;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.10 (10) "Financial year" means the period from 1 January to 31 December inclusive;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1x.11 (11) "Freely usable currencies" means the Deutsche mark, the French franc, the Japanese yen, the pound sterling, the United States dollar and any other currency which has been designated from time to time by a competent international monetary organization as being in fact widely used to make payments for international transactions and widely traded in the principal exchange markets.
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Sect.3.1x CHAPTER III - ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.5 Article 5
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.5.1 1. Any reference in this Agreement to "Governments" shall be construed as including the European Economic Community and any other intergovernmental organization having responsibilities in respect of the negotiation, conclusion and application of international agreements, in particular commodity agreements. Accordingly, any reference in this Agreement to signature, ratification, acceptance or approval, or to notification of provisional application, or to accession shall, in the case of such intergovernmental organizations, be construed as including a reference to signature, ratification, acceptance or approval, or to notification of provisional application, or to accession, by such intergovernmental organizations.
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.5.2 2. In the case of voting on matters within their competence, such intergovernmental organizations shall vote with a number of votes equal to the total number of votes attributable to their member States in accordance with article 10. In such cases, the member States of such intergovernmental organizations shall not be entitled to exercise their individual voting rights.
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Sect.5.2 CHAPTER IV - INTERNATIONAL TROPICAL TIMBER COUNCIL
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10 Article 10
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.1 1. The producing members shall together hold 1,000 votes and the consuming members shall together hold 1,000 votes.
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.2 2. The votes of the producing members shall be distributed as follows:
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.2.a (a) Four hundred votes shall be distributed equally among the three producing regions of Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America. The votes thus allocated to each of these regions shall then be distributed equally among the producing members of that region;
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.2.b (b) Three hundred votes shall be distributed among the producing members in accordance with their respective shares of the total tropical forest resources of all producing members; and
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.2.c (c) Three hundred votes shall be distributed among the producing members in proportion to the average of the values of their respective net exports of tropical timber during the most recent three-year period for which definitive figures are available.
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.3 3. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2 of this article, the total votes allocated to the producing members from the African region, calculated in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, shall be distributed equally among all producing members from the African region. If there are any remaining votes, each of these votes shall be allocated to a producing member from the African region: the first to the producing member which is allocated the highest number of votes calculated in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, the second to the producing member which is allocated the second highest number of votes, and so on until all the remaining votes have been distributed.
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.4 4. For purposes of the calculation of the distribution of votes under paragraph 2(b) of this article, "tropical forest resources" means productive closed broadleaved forests as defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.5 5. The votes of the consuming members shall be distributed as follows: each consuming member shall have 10 initial votes; the remaining votes shall be distributed among the consuming members in proportion to the average volume of their respective net imports of tropical timber during the three-year period commencing four calendar years prior to the distribution of votes.
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.6 6. The Council shall distribute the votes for each financial year at the beginning of its first session of that year in accordance with the provisions of this article. Such distribution shall remain in effect for the rest of that year, except as provided for in paragraph 7 of this article.
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.7 7. Whenever the membership of the Organization changes or when any member has its voting rights suspended or restored under any provision of this Agreement, the Council shall redistribute the votes within the affected category or categories of members in accordance with the provisions of this article. The Council shall, in that event, decide when such redistribution shall become effective.
2965 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.8 8. There shall be no fractional votes.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13 ARTICLE 13
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall as appropriate establish, in areas under their jurisdiction, terrestrial, freshwater, coastal or marine protected areas for the purpose of safeguarding
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1.a (a) the ecological and biological processes essential to the functioning of the ecosystems of the Region;
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1.b (b) representative samples of all types of ecosystems of the Region;
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1.c (c) satisfactory population levels for the largest possible number of species of fauna and flora belonging to those ecosystems; .
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1.d (d) areas of particular importance because of their scientific, educational, aesthetic, or cultural interests; and taking into account their importance in particular as:
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1.d.a (a) the natural habitat of species of fauna and flora; particularly rare or endangered or endemic species;
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1.d.b (b) zones necessary for the maintenance of exploitable stocks of economically important species; (c) pools of genetic material and said refuge for species, especially endangered ones;
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1.d (d) sites of ecological, aesthetic or cultural interest;
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1.e (e) reference sources for scientific research;
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1.f (f) areas for environmental education.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.1.gx They shall, in particular, take all measures possible in their power to preserve those areas which are of an exceptional character and are peculiar to their country or the Region as well as those which constitute the critical habitats of endangered or rare species, of species that are endemic to a small area and of species that migrate between countries of Contracting Parties.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.2 (2) Protected areas established pursuant to this Agreement shall be regulated and managed in such a way as to further the objectives for the purpose of which they have been created. Contracting Parties shall, wherever possible, prohibit within such protected areas activities which are inconsistent with such objectives.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.3 (3) Protected areas shall include
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.3.a (a) National Parks
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.3.a.i (i) This expression denotes natural areas that are sufficiently large to allow for ecological self-regulation of one or several ecosystems, and which have not been substantially altered by human occupation or exploitation.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.3.a.ii (ii) National Parks shall be placed under public control, their boundaries shall not be altered nor shall any portion of any National Park be alienated except by the highest competent authority.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.3.a.iii (iii) National Parks shall be dedicated to conservation and to scientific, educational and recreational uses and the common welfare of the people.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.3.b (b) Reserves
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.3.b.i (i) This expression denotes areas set aside for the purpose of preserving a specific ecosystem, the critical habitat of certain species of fauna or flora, a water catchment area or for any other specific purpose relating to the conservation of natural resources or objects or areas of scientific, aesthetic, cultural, educational or recreational interest.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.3.b.ii (ii) After reserves have been established their boundaries shall not be altered nor shall any portion of such reserves be alienated except by the authority establishing them or by higher authority.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.3.3.b.iii (iii) Reserves shall be dedicated to the purposes for which they have been created and, in the light of the national interests of the Contracting Parties any activity inconsistent with such purposes shall be prohibited.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.4 (4) Contracting Parties shall, in respect of any protected area established pursuant to this Agreement
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.4.a (a) prepare a management plan and manage the area on the basis of this plan;
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.4.b (b) establish, wherever appropriate, terrestrial or aquatic buffer zones that shall be located around protected areas and which, in the case of marine areas, may include coastal land areas or watersheds of rivers flowing into the protected area; in such buffer zones all activities that may have harmful consequences on the ecosystems that such areas purport to protect shall be prohibited or regulated and activities which are consistent with the purpose of the protected area shall be promoted.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.5 (5) Contracting Parties shall, in respect of any protected area established pursuant to this Agreement, endeavour to
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.5.a (a) prohibit the introduction of exotic animal or plant species;
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.5.b (b) prohibit the use or release of toxic substances or pollutants which could cause disturbance or damage to protected ecosystems or to the species they contain;
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.5.c (c) to the maximum extent possible, prohibit or control any activity exercised outside protected areas when such an activity is likely to cause disturbance or damage to the ecosystems or species that such protected areas purport to protect.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.6 (6) Contracting Parties shall co-operate in the development of principles, objectives, criteria and guidelines for the selection establishment and management of protected areas in the Region with a view to establishing a co-ordinated network of protected areas throughout the Region, giving particular attention to those of regional importance. An Appendix containing such principles, objectives, criteria and guidelines shall be drawn up in the light of the best scientific evidence as adapted to the conservation requirements of the Region and shall be adopted by a meeting of Contracting Parties.
2990 ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources Art.13.7 (7) in addition to the establishment of the protected areas referred to in paragraph 3 of this Article, Contracting Parties shall promote, through the adoption of appropriate measures the conservation of natural areas by private owners, community or local authorities.
2982 Convention For The Protection Of The Ozone Layer Art.1 Article 1: Definitions
2982 Convention For The Protection Of The Ozone Layer Art.1.0x For the purposes of this Convention:
2982 Convention For The Protection Of The Ozone Layer Art.1.1 1. "The ozone layer" means the layer of atmospheric ozone above the planetary boundary layer.
2982 Convention For The Protection Of The Ozone Layer Art.1.2 2. "Adverse effects" means changes in the physical environment or biota, including changes in climate, which have significant deleterious effects on human health or on the composition, resilience and productivity of natural and managed ecosystems, or on materials useful to mankind.
2982 Convention For The Protection Of The Ozone Layer Art.1.3 3. "Alternative technologies or equipment" means technologies or equipment the use of which makes it possible to reduce or effectively eliminate emissions of substances which have or are likely to have adverse effects on the ozone layer.
2982 Convention For The Protection Of The Ozone Layer Art.1.4 4. "Alternative substances" means substances which reduce, eliminate or avoid adverse effects on the ozone layer.
2982 Convention For The Protection Of The Ozone Layer Art.1.5 5. "Parties" means, unless the text otherwise indicates, Parties to this Convention.
2982 Convention For The Protection Of The Ozone Layer Art.1.6 6. "Regional economic integration organization" means an organization constituted by sovereign States of a given region which has competence in respect of matters governed by this Convention or its protocols and has been duly authorized, in accordance with its internal procedures, to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to the instruments concerned.
2982 Convention For The Protection Of The Ozone Layer Art.1.7 7. "Protocols" means protocols to this Convention.
3009 Protocol I To The South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty Art.1 ARTICLE 1
3009 Protocol I To The South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty Art.1.1x For the purposes of this Treaty and its Protocols:
3009 Protocol I To The South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty Art.1.1x.a (a) "South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone"-means the areas described in Annex 1 as illustrated by the map attached to that Annex;
3009 Protocol I To The South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty Art.1.1x.b (b) "territory" means internal waters, territorial sea and archipelagic waters, the seabed and subsoil beneath, the land territory and the airspace above them;
3009 Protocol I To The South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty Art.1.1x.c (c) "nuclear explosive device" means any nuclear weapon or other explosive device capable of releasing nuclear energy, irrespective of the purpose for which it could be used. The term includes such a weapon or device in unassembled and partly assembled forms, but does not include the means of transport or delivery of such a weapon or device if separable from and not an indivisible part of it;
3009 Protocol I To The South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty Art.1.1x.d (d) "stationing" means emplantation, emplacement, transportation on land or inland waters, stockpiling, storage, installation and deployment.
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1 Article 1
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.1 1. This Convention applies to any animal used or intended for use in any experimental or other scientific procedure where that procedure may cause pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm. It does not apply to any non-experimental agricultural or clinical veterinary practice.
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2 2. In this Convention:
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.a a "animal", unless otherwise qualified, means any live non-human vertebrate, including free-living and/or reproducing larval forms, but excluding other foetal or embryonic forms;
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.b b "intended for use" means bred or kept for the purpose of sale, disposal or use in any experimental or other scientific procedure;
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.c c "procedure" means any experimental or other scientific use of an animal which may cause it pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm, including any course of action intended to, or liable to, result in the birth of an animal in any such conditions, but excluding the least painful methods accepted in modern practice (that is "humane" methods) of killing or marking an animal.
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.c.ix A procedure starts when an animal is first prepared for use and ends when no further observations are made for that procedure; the elimination of pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm by the successful use of anaesthesia or analgesia or other methods does not place the use of an animal outside the scope of this definition;
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.d d "competent person" means any person who is considered by a Party to be competent in its territory to perform the relevant function described in this Convention;
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.e e "responsible authority" means, in the territory of a given Party, any authority, body or person designated for the relevant purpose;
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.f f "establishment" means any stable or mobile facility, any building, group of buildings or other premises, including a place which is not wholly enclosed or covered;
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.g g "breeding establishment" means any establishment where animals are bred with a view to their use in procedures;
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.h h "supplying establishment" means any establishment, other than a breeding establishment, from which animals are supplied with a view to their use in procedures;
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.i i "user establishment" means any establishment where animals are used in procedures;
2999 European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimental And Other Scientific Purposes Art.1.2.j j "humane method of killing" means the killing of an animal with a minimum of physical and mental suffering appropriate to the species.
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2 Article 2
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x For the purposes of this Convention and its Protocols unless otherwise defined in any such Protocol:
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.a (a) the "Convention Area" shall comprise:
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.a.i (i) the 200 nautical mile zones established in accordance with international law off:
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.a.i.1x American Samoa Australia (East coast and Islands to eastward including Macquarie Island) Cook Islands Federated States of Micronesia French Polynesia Guam Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Caledonia and Dependencies New Zealand Niue Northern Mariana Islands Palau Papua New Guinea Pitcairn Islands Solomon Islands Tokelau Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna Western Samoa
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.a.ii (ii) those areas of high seas which are enclosed from all sides by the 200 nautical mile zones referred to in sub-paragraph (i);
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.a.iii (iii) areas of the Pacific Ocean which have been included in the Convention Area pursuant to Article 3;
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.b (b) "dumping" means:
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.b.ix - any deliberate disposal at sea of wastes or other matter from vessels, aircraft, platforms or other man- made structures;
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.b.iix - any deliberate disposal at sea of vessels, aircraft, platforms or other man-made structures at sea;
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.b.iiix dumping does not include:
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.b.iiix.1x #NAME?
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.b.iiix.2x - placement of matter for a purpose other than the mere disposal thereof, provided that such placement is not contrary to the aims of this Convention;
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.c (c) "wastes or other matter" means material and substances of any kind, form or description;
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.d (d) the following wastes or other matter shall be considered to be non-radioactive: sewage sludge, dredge spoil, fly ash, agricultural wastes, construction materials, vessels, artificial reef building materials and other such materials provided that they have not been contaminated with radio nuclides of anthropogenic origin (except dispersed global fallout from nuclear weapons testing), nor are potential sources of naturally occurring radio nuclides for commercial purposes, nor have been enriched in natural or artificial radio nuclides;
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.d.ix If there is a question as to whether the material to be dumped should be considered non-radioactive, for the purposes of this Convention, such material shall not be dumped unless the appropriate national authority of the proposed dumper confirms that such dumping would not exceed the individual and collective dose limits of the International Atomic Energy Agency general principles for the exemption of radiation sources and practices from regulatory control. The national authority shall also take into account the relevant recommendations, standards and guidelines developed by the International Atomic Energy Agency.
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.e (e) "vessels" and "aircraft" means waterborne or airborne craft of any type whatsoever. This expression includes air cushioned craft and floating craft, whether self- propelled or not;
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.f (f) "pollution'' means the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the marine environment (including estuaries) which results or is likely to result in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources and marine life, hazards to human health, hindrance to marine activities including fishing and other legitimate uses of the sea, impairment of quality for use of sea water and reduction of amenities;
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.f.ix In applying this definition to the Convention obligations, the Parties shall use their best endeavours to comply with the appropriate standards and recommendations established by competent international organizations, including the International Atomic Energy Agency;
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.g (g) "Organisation" means the South Pacific Commission;
3005 Convention For The Protection Of The Natural Resources And Environment Of The South Pacific Region Art.2.1x.h (h) "Director" means the Director of the South Pacific Bureau for Economic Co-operation.
4240 Exchange of Notes Between the United States and the Netherlands Related to the Agreement On The Resolution Of Practical Problems With Respect To Deep Seabed Mining Areas Art.1 Article 1
4240 Exchange of Notes Between the United States and the Netherlands Related to the Agreement On The Resolution Of Practical Problems With Respect To Deep Seabed Mining Areas Art.1.1 (1) The Parties have agreed on lines the coordinates of which are shown in Annexes II, III and IV to this Agreement for the purpose of resolving practical problems with respect to deep seabed mining areas, the coordinates of which were exchanged by the Parties in Moscow on December 6, 1986, and are shown in Annex I.
4240 Exchange of Notes Between the United States and the Netherlands Related to the Agreement On The Resolution Of Practical Problems With Respect To Deep Seabed Mining Areas Art.1.2 (2) In this Agreement, "deep seabed mining areas' means areas of the deep seabed intended for the conduct of exploration and exploitation of hard mineral resources.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.1 Article 1
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.1.1 1. The following wastes that are subject to transboundary movement shall be "hazardous wastes" for the purposes of this Convention:
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.1.1.a (a) Wastes that belong to any category contained in Annex I, unless they do not possess any of the characteristics contained in Annex III; and
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.1.1.b (b) Wastes that are not covered under paragraph (a) but are defined as, or are considered to be, hazardous wastes by the domestic legislation of the Party of export, import or transit.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.1.2 2. Wastes that belong to any category contained in Annex II that are subject to transboundary movement shall be "other wastes" for the purposes of this Convention.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.1.3 3. Wastes which, as a result of being radioactive, are subject to other international control systems, including international instruments, applying specifically to radioactive materials, are excluded from the scope of this Convention.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.1.4 4. Wastes which derive from the normal operations of a ship, the discharge of which is covered by another international instrument, are excluded from the scope of this Convention.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2 Article 2
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.0x For the purposes of this Convention:
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.1 1. "Wastes" are substances or objects which are disposed of or are intended to be disposed of or are required to be disposed of by the provisions of national law;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.2 2. "Management" means the collection, transport and disposal of hazardous wastes or other wastes, including after-care of disposal sites;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.3 3. "Transboundary movement" means any movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes from an area under the national jurisdiction of one State to or through an area under the national jurisdiction of another State or to or through an area not under the national jurisdiction of any State, provided at least two States are involved in the movement;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.4 4. "Disposal" means any operation specified in Annex IV to this Convention;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.5 5. "Approved site or facility" means a site or facility for the disposal of hazardous wastes or other wastes which is authorized or permitted to operate for this purpose by a relevant authority of the State where the site or facility is located;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.6 6. "Competent authority" means one governmental authority designated by a Party to be responsible, within such geographical areas as the Party may think fit, for receiving the notification of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes, and any information related to it, and for responding to such a notification, as provided in Article 6;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.7 7. "Focal point" means the entity of a Party referred to in Article 5 responsible for receiving and submitting information as provided for in Articles 13 and 16;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.8 8. "Environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes or other wastes" means taking all practicable steps to ensure that hazardous wastes or other wastes are managed in a manner which will protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects which may result from such wastes;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.9 9. "Area under the national jurisdiction of a State" means any land, marine area or air space within which a State exercises administrative and regulatory responsibility in accordance with international law in regard to the protection of human health or the environment;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.10 10. "State of export" means a Party from which a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes is planned to be initiated or is initiated;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.11 11. "State of import" means a Party to which a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes is planned or takes place for the purpose of disposal therein or for the purpose of loading prior to disposal in an area not under the national jurisdiction of any State;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.12 12. "State of transit" means any State, other than the State of export or import, through which a movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes is planned or takes place;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.13 13. "States concerned" means Parties which are States of export or import, or transit States, whether or not Parties;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.14 14. "Person" means any natural or legal person;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.15 15. "Exporter" means any person under the jurisdiction of the State of export who arranges for hazardous wastes or other wastes to be exported;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.16 16. "Importer" means any person under the jurisdiction of the State of import who arranges for hazardous wastes or other wastes to be imported;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.17 17. "Carrier" means any person who carries out the transport of hazardous wastes or other wastes;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.18 18. "Generator" means any person whose activity produces hazardous wastes or other wastes or, if that person is not known, the person who is in possession and/or control of those wastes;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.19 19. "Disposer" means any person to whom hazardous wastes or other wastes are shipped and who carries out the disposal of such wastes;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.20 20. "Political and/or economic integration organization" means an organization constituted by sovereign States to which its member States have transferred competence in respect of matters governed by this Convention and which has been duly authorized, in accordance with its internal procedures, to sign, ratify, accept, approve, formally confirm or accede to it;
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.2.21 21. "Illegal traffic" means any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes as specified in Article 9.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9 Article 9
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.1 1. For the purpose of this Convention, any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes:
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.1.a (a) without notification pursuant to the provisions of this Convention to all States concerned; or
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.1.b (b) without the consent pursuant to the provisions of this Convention of a State concerned; or
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.1.c (c) with consent obtained from States concerned through falsification, misrepresentation or fraud; or
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.1.d (d) that does not conform in a material way with the documents; or
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.1.e (e) that results in deliberate disposal (e.g. dumping) of hazardous wastes or other wastes in contravention of this Convention and of general principles of international law,
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.1.fx shall be deemed to be illegal traffic.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.2 2. In case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes deemed to be illegal traffic as the result of conduct on the part of the exporter or generator, the State of export shall ensure that the wastes in question are:
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.2.a (a) taken back by the exporter or the generator or, if necessary, by itself into the State of export, or, if impracticable,
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.2.b (b) are otherwise disposed of in accordance with the provisions of this Convention,
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.2.cx within 30 days from the time the State of export has been informed about the illegal traffic or such other period of time as States concerned may agree. To this end the Parties concerned shall not oppose, hinder or prevent the return of those wastes to the State of export.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.3 3. In the case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes deemed to be illegal traffic as the result of conduct on the part of the importer or disposer, the State of import shall ensure that the wastes in question are disposed of in an environmentally sound manner by the importer or disposer or, if necessary, by itself within 30 days from the time the illegal traffic has come to the attention of the State of import or such other period of time as the States concerned may agree. To this end, the Parties concerned shall co-operate, as necessary, in the disposal of the wastes in an environmentally sound manner.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.4 4. In cases where the responsibility for the illegal traffic cannot be assigned either to the exporter or generator or to the importer or disposer, the Parties concerned or other Parties, as appropriate, shall ensure, through co-operation, that the wastes in question are disposed of as soon as possible in an environmentally sound manner either in the State of export or the State of import or elsewhere as appropriate.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.9.5 5. Each Party shall introduce appropriate national/domestic legislation to prevent and punish illegal traffic. The Parties shall co-operate with a view to achieving the objects of this Article.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.17 Article 17
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.17.1 1. Any Party may propose amendments to this Convention and any Party to a protocol may propose amendments to that protocol. Such amendments shall take due account, inter alia, of relevant scientific and technical considerations.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.17.2 2. Amendments to this Convention shall be adopted at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties. Amendments to any protocol shall be adopted at a meeting of the Parties to the protocol in question. The text of any proposed amendment to this Convention or to any protocol, except as may otherwise be provided in such protocol, shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat at least six months before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption. The Secretariat shall also communicate proposed amendments to the Signatories to this Convention for information.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.17.3 3. The Parties shall make every effort to reach agreement on any proposed amendment to this Convention by consensus. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted, and no agreement reached, the amendment shall as a last resort be adopted by a three-fourths majority of the Parties present and voting at the meeting, and shall be submitted by the Depositary to all Parties for ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.17.4 4. The procedure mentioned in paragraph 3 above shall apply to amendments to any protocol, except that a two-thirds majority of the Parties to that protocol present and voting at the meeting shall suffice for their adoption.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.17.5 5. Instruments of ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance of amendments shall be deposited with the Depositary. Amendments adopted in accordance with paragraphs 3 or 4 above shall enter into force between Parties having accepted them on the ninetieth day after the receipt by the Depositary of their instrument of ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance by at least three-fourths of the Parties who accepted them or by at least two thirds of the Parties to the protocol concerned who accepted them, except as may otherwise be provided in such protocol. The amendments shall enter into force for any other Party on the ninetieth day after that Party deposits its instrument of ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance of the amendments.
3042 Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Art.17.6 6. For the purpose of this Article, "Parties present and voting" means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote.
3079 Cooperation Agreement For The Protection Of The Coasts And Waters Of The North-East Atlantic Against Pollution Art.2 Article 2
3079 Cooperation Agreement For The Protection Of The Coasts And Waters Of The North-East Atlantic Against Pollution Art.2.1x For the purposes of this Agreement: 'pollution incident' means an event or series of events having the same origin and resulting in a discharge or a danger of a discharge of hydrocarbons or other harmful substances which has occasioned or may occasion damage to the marine environment, the coast or the related interests of one or more of the Parties, and requiring emergency action or an immediate reaction of some other kind; 'hydrocarbons' means oil in all its forms in particular crude oil, fuel oil, muds, hydrocarbon residues and other refined products; 'other harmful substances' means all substances other than hydrocarbons, including harzardous waste, the release of which into the marine environment may be harmful to human health, ecosystems or living resources, coasts or the related interests of the Parties.
3083 International Convention On Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response And Cooperation Art.2 Article 2
3083 International Convention On Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response And Cooperation Art.2.0x For the purposes of this Convention:
3083 International Convention On Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response And Cooperation Art.2.1 (1) "Oil" means petroleum in any form including crude oil, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse and refined products.
3083 International Convention On Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response And Cooperation Art.2.2 (2) "Oil pollution incident" means an occurrence or series of occurrences having the same origin, which results or may result in a discharge of oil and which poses or may pose a threat to the marine environment, or to the coastline or related interests of one or more States, and which requires emergency action or other immediate response.
3083 International Convention On Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response And Cooperation Art.2.3 (3) "Ship" means a vessel of any type whatsoever operating in the marine environment and includes hydrofoil boats, air-cushion vehicles, submersibles, and floating craft of any type.
3083 International Convention On Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response And Cooperation Art.2.4 (4) "Offshore unit" means any fixed or floating offshore installation or structure engaged in gas or oil exploration, exploitation or production activities, or loading or unloading of oil.
3083 International Convention On Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response And Cooperation Art.2.5 (5) "Sea ports and oil handling facilities" means those facilities which present a risk of an oil pollution incident and includes, inter alia, sea ports, oil terminals, pipelines and other oil handling facilities.
3083 International Convention On Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response And Cooperation Art.2.6 (6) "Organization" means the International Maritime Organization.
3083 International Convention On Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response And Cooperation Art.2.7 (7) "Secretary-General" means the Secretary-General of the Organization.
3078 Agreement On The Conservation Of Seals In The Wadden Sea Art.2 II. Definitions
3078 Agreement On The Conservation Of Seals In The Wadden Sea Art.2.1x For the purpose of this Agreement:
3078 Agreement On The Conservation Of Seals In The Wadden Sea Art.2.1x.a a) "seal" means an animal of the species Phoca vitulina;
3078 Agreement On The Conservation Of Seals In The Wadden Sea Art.2.1x.b b) the "Agreement Area" means the area of water known as the Wadden Sea, including all sandbanks therein as well as all shore areas of the North Sea coasts of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany and the Netherlands between Blaavandshuk to the north and Den Helder to the west. The main ranges and the main migration routes are located in the Wadden Sea;
3078 Agreement On The Conservation Of Seals In The Wadden Sea Art.2.1x.c c) "seal population" means all seals which, at any time, are present in the Agreement Area;
3078 Agreement On The Conservation Of Seals In The Wadden Sea Art.2.1x.d d) "habitat" means any part of the Agreement Area which is essential to the maintenance of the vital biological functions of seals, including but not limited to breeding, whelping, nursing, feeding or resting;
3078 Agreement On The Conservation Of Seals In The Wadden Sea Art.2.1x.e e) "Convention" means the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals signed at Bonn on 23 June 1979;
3078 Agreement On The Conservation Of Seals In The Wadden Sea Art.2.1x.f f) the terms defined in Article I, sub-paragraphs 1 (a) to (d) and 1 (I) of the Convention shall have the same meaning in this Agreement.
3106 Agreement On The Conservation Of Populations of European Bats Art.1 ARTICLE I
3106 Agreement On The Conservation Of Populations of European Bats Art.1.1x For the purposes of this Agreement:
3106 Agreement On The Conservation Of Populations of European Bats Art.1.1x.a (a) "Convention" means the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (Bonn, 1979);
3106 Agreement On The Conservation Of Populations of European Bats Art.1.1x.b (b) "Bats" means European populations of CHIROPTERA (Rhinolophidae and Vespertilionidae) occurring in Europe and non-European Range States;
3106 Agreement On The Conservation Of Populations of European Bats Art.1.1x.c (c) "Range State" means any State (whether or not it is a Party to the Convention) that exercises jurisdiction over any part of the range of a species covered by this Agreement;
3106 Agreement On The Conservation Of Populations of European Bats Art.1.1x.d (d) "Regional Economic Integration Organisation" means an organisation constituted by sovereign States to which this Agreement applies and which has competence in matters covered by this Agreement and has been duly authorised, in accordance with its internal procedures, to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to it;
3106 Agreement On The Conservation Of Populations of European Bats Art.1.1x.e (e) "Parties" means, unless the context otherwise indicates, Parties to this Agreement;
3106 Agreement On The Conservation Of Populations of European Bats Art.1.1x.f (f) "In Europe" means the continent of Europe.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1 ARTICLE 1 Definitions
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.0x For the purpose of this Convention:
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.1 1. "Wastes" are substances or materials which are disposed of, or are intended to be disposed of, or are required to be disposed of by the provisions of national law;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.2 2. "Hazardous wastes" means wastes as specified in Article 2 of this Convention;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.3 3. "Management" means the prevention and reduction of hazardous wastes and the collection, transport, storage, and treatment either for the reuse or disposal, of hazardous wastes including after-care of disposal sites;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.4 4. "Transboundary movement" means any movement of hazardous wastes from an area under the national jurisdiction of any State to or through an area under the national jurisdiction of another State, or to or through an area not under the national jurisdiction of another State, provided at least two States are involved in the movement;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.5 5. "Clean production methods" means production or industrial systems which avoid, or eliminate the generation of hazardous wastes and hazardous products in conformity with Article 4, section 3 (f) and (g) of this Convention;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.6 6. "Disposal" means any operation specified in Annex III to this Convention;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.7 7. "Approval site or facility" means a site or facility for the disposal of hazardous wastes which is authorized or permitted to operate for this purpose by a relevant authority of the State where the site or facility is located;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.8 8. "Competent authority" means governmental authority designated by a Party to be responsible, within such geographical areas as the Party may think fit, for receiving the notification of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and any information related to it, and for responding to such a notification, as provided in Article 6 of this Convention;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.9 9. "Focal point" means the entity of a Party referred to in Article 5 of this Convention responsible for receiving and submitting information as provided for in Articles 13 and 16;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.10 10. "Environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes" means taking all practicable steps to ensure that hazardous wastes are managed in a manner which will protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects which may result from such wastes;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.11 11. "Area under the national jurisdiction of a State" means any land, marine area or airspace within which a State exercises administrative and regulatory responsibility in accordance with international law in regard to the protection of human health or the environment;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.12 12. "State of export" means a State from which a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes is planned to be initiated or is initiated;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.13 13. "State of import" means a State to which a transboundary movement is planned or takes place for the purpose of disposal therein or for the purpose of loading prior to disposal in an area not under the national jurisdiction of any State;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.14 14. "State of transit" means any State, other than the State of export or import, through which a movement of hazardous wastes is planned or takes place;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.15 15. "States concerned" means States of export or import, or transit states, whether or not Parties;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.16 16. "Person" means any natural or legal person;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.17 17. "Exporter" means any person under the jurisdiction of the State of export who arranges for hazardous wastes to be exported;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.18 18. "Importer" means any person under the jurisdiction of the State of import who arranges for hazardous wastes to be imported;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.19 19. "Carrier" means any person who carries out the transport of hazardous wastes;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.20 20. "Generator" means any person whose activity produces hazardous wastes, or, if that person is not known, the person who is in possession and/ or control of those wastes;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.21 21. "Disposer" means any person to whom hazardous wastes are shipped and who carries out the disposal of such wastes;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.22 22. "Illegal traffic" means any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes as specified in Article 9 of this Convention;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.1.23 23. "Dumping at sea" means the deliberate disposal of hazardous wastes at sea from vessels, aircraft, platforms or other man-made structures at sea, and includes ocean incineration and disposal into the seabed and sub-seabed.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.2 ARTICLE 2 Scope of the Convention
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.2.1 1. The following substances shall be "hazardous wastes" for the purposes of this convention:
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.2.1.a (a) Wastes that belong to any category contained in Annex I of this Convention;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.2.1.b (b) Wastes that are not covered under paragraph (a) above but are defined as, or are considered to be, hazardous wastes by the domestic legislation of the State of export, import or transit;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.2.1.c (c) Wastes which possess any of the characteristics contained in Annex II of this Convention;
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.2.1.d (d) Hazardous substances which have been banned, cancelled or refused registration by government regulatory action, or voluntarily withdrawn from registration in the country of manufacture, for human health or environmental reasons.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.2.2 2. Wastes which, as a result of being radioactive, are subject to any international control systems, including international instruments, applying specifically to radioactive materials, are included in the scope of this Convention.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.2.3 3. Wastes which derive from the normal operations of a ship, the discharge of which is covered by another international instrument, shall not fall within the scope of this Convention.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.9 ARTICLE 9 Illegal traffic
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.9.1 1. For the purpose of this Convention, any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes under the following situations shall be deemed to be illegal traffic:
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.9.1.a (a) if carried out without notification, pursuant to the provisions of this Convention, to all States concerned; or
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.9.1.b (b) if carried out without the consent, pursuant to the provisions of this Convention, of a State concerned; or
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.9.1.c (c) if consent is obtained from States concerned through falsification, misrepresentation or fraud; or
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.9.1.d (d) if it does not conform in a material way with the documents; or
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.9.1.e (e) if it results in deliberate disposal of hazardous wastes in contravention of this Convention and of general principles of international law.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.9.2 2. Each Party shall introduce appropriate national legislation for imposing criminal penalties on all persons who have planned, carried out, or assisted in such illegal imports. Such penalties shall be sufficiently high to both punish and deter such conduct.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.9.3 3. In case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes deemed to be illegal traffic as the result of conduct on the part of the exporter or generator, the State of export shall ensure that the wastes in question are taken back by the exporter or the wastes in question are taken back by the exporter or generator or if necessary by itself into the State of export, within 30 days from the time the State of export has been informed about the illegal traffic. To this end the States concerned shall not oppose, hinder or prevent the return of those wastes to the State of export and appropriate legal action shall be taken against the contravenor( s).
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.9.4 4. In the case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes deemed to be illegal traffic as the result of conduct on the part of the importer or disposer, the State of import shall ensure that the wastes in question are returned to the exporter by the importer and that legal proceedings according to the provisions of this Convention are taken against the contravenor( s).
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.17 ARTICLE 17 Amendment of the Convention and of Protocols
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.17.1 1. Any Party may propose amendments to this Convention and any Party to a Protocol may propose amendments to that Protocol. Such amendments shall take due account, inter alia, of relevant scientific, technical, environmental and social considerations.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.17.2 2. Amendments to this Convention shall be adopted at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties. Amendments to any Protocol shall be adopted at a meeting of the Parties to the Protocol in question. The text of any proposed amendment to this Convention or to any Protocol, except as may otherwise be provided in such Protocol, shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat at least six months before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption. The Secretariat shall also communicate proposed amendments to the Signatories to this Convention for their information.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.17.3 3. The Parties shall make every effort to reach agreement on any proposed amendment to this Convention by consensus. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted, and no agreement reached, the amendment shall, as a last resort, be adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of the Parties present and voting at the meeting. It shall then be submitted by the depository to all Parties for ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.17.3x Amendment of Protocols to this Convention
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.17.4 4. The procedure specified in paragraph 3 above shall apply to amendments to any protocol, except that a two-thirds majority of the Parties to that Protocol present and voting at the meeting shall suffice for their adoption.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.17.4x General Provisions
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.17.5 5. Instruments of ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance of amendments shall be deposited with the Depository. Amendments adopted in accordance with paragraph 3 or 4 above shall enter into force between Parties having accepted them, on the ninetieth day after the receipt by the Depository of the instrument of ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance by at least two-thirds of the Parties who accepted the amendments to the Protocol concerned, except as may otherwise be provided in such Protocol. The amendments shall enter into force for any other Party on the ninetieth day after that Party deposits its instrument of ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance of the amendments.
3085 Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa Art.17.6 6. For the purpose of this Article, "Parties present and voting" means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote.
3108 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Intergovernmental Organization For Marketing Information And Cooperation Services For Fishery Products In Africa Art.2 Article 2 Definitions
3108 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Intergovernmental Organization For Marketing Information And Cooperation Services For Fishery Products In Africa Art.2.1x For the purpose of this Agreement:
3108 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Intergovernmental Organization For Marketing Information And Cooperation Services For Fishery Products In Africa Art.2.1x.ax Fishery products means all aquatic animals and plants and products derived therefrom. Endangered species falling under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora adopted in Washington in 1973, as amended, are excluded. Marine mammals, especially dolphins which are not covered by the said Convention shall not be included within the services provided by INFOPÊCHE.
3108 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Intergovernmental Organization For Marketing Information And Cooperation Services For Fishery Products In Africa Art.2.1x.bx Host State means the State in which the seat of INFOPÊCHE is situated.
3108 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Intergovernmental Organization For Marketing Information And Cooperation Services For Fishery Products In Africa Art.2.1x.cx Marketing information means data and other information on distribution, transport and sale of fishery products on local and international markets and on the overall process of the said product development and promotion including advertising, public relations and other services.
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1 Article 1
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x For the purposes of this Convention,
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x.i (i) "Parties" means, unless the text otherwise indicates, the Contracting Parties to this Convention;
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x.ii (ii) "Party of origin" means the Contracting Party or Parties to this Convention under whose jurisdiction a proposed activity is envisaged to take place;
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x.iii (iii) "Affected Party" means the Contracting Party or Parties to this Convention likely to be affected by the transboundary impact of a proposed activity;
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x.iv (iv) "Concerned Parties" means the Party of origin and the affected Party of an environmental impact assessment pursuant to this Convention;
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x.v (v) "Proposed activity" means any activity or any major change to an activity subject to a decision of a competent authority in accordance with an applicable national procedure;
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x.vi (vi) "Environmental impact assessment" means a national procedure for evaluating the likely impact of a proposed activity on the environment;
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x.vii (vii) "Impact" means any effect caused by a proposed activity on the environment including human health and safety, flora, fauna, soil, air, water, climate, landscape and historical monuments or other physical structures or the interaction among these factors; it also includes effects on cultural heritage or socio-economic conditions resulting from alterations to those factors;
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x.viii (viii) "Transboundary impact" means any impact, not exclusively of a global nature, within an area under the jurisdiction of a Party caused by a proposed activity the physical origin of which is situated wholly or in part within the area under the jurisdiction of another Party;
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x.ix (ix) "Competent authority" means the national authority or authorities designated by a Party as responsible for performing the tasks covered by this Convention and/ or the authority or authorities entrusted by a Party with decision-making powers regarding a proposed activity;
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.1.1x.x (x) "The Public" means one or more natural or legal persons.
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.14 Article 14
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.14.1 1. Any Party may propose amendments to this Convention.
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.14.2 2. Proposed amendments shall be submitted in writing to the secretariat, which shall communicate them to all Parties. The proposed amendments shall be discussed at the next meeting of the Parties, provided these proposals have been circulated by the secretariat to the Parties at least ninety days in advance.
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.14.3 3. The Parties shall make every effort to reach agreement on any proposed amendment to this Convention by consensus. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted, and no agreement reached, the amendment shall as a last resort be adopted by a three-fourths majority vote of the Parties present and voting at the meeting.
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.14.4 4. Amendments to this Convention adopted in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article shall be submitted by the Depositary to all Parties for ratification, approval or acceptance. They shall enter into force for Parties having ratified, approved or accepted them on the ninetieth day after the receipt by the Depositary of notification of their ratification, approval or acceptance by at least three fourths of these Parties. Thereafter they shall enter into force for any other Party on the ninetieth day after that Party deposits its instrument of ratification, approval or acceptance of the amendments.
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.14.5 5. For the purpose of this Article, "Parties present and voting" means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote.
3086 Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context Art.14.6 6. The voting procedure set forth in paragraph 3 of this Article is not intended to constitute a precedent for future agreements negotiated within the Economic Commission for Europe.
3095 Western Indian Ocean Tuna Organization Convention Art.3 Article 3
3095 Western Indian Ocean Tuna Organization Convention Art.3.1 1. Membership of the Organisation shall be open to:
3095 Western Indian Ocean Tuna Organization Convention Art.3.1.a (a) any founding State described in Annex I;
3095 Western Indian Ocean Tuna Organization Convention Art.3.1.b (b) with unanimous approval of parties, any independent coastal State bordering the Western Indian Ocean whose territory is situated principally in the Western Indian Ocean region, having a common interest with parties in the conservation, management and optimum utilization of the highly migratory tuna and tuna-like species of the region occurring within and beyond its exclusive economic zone.
3095 Western Indian Ocean Tuna Organization Convention Art.3.2 2. For the purposes of this Article "Western Indian Ocean region" is the area described in Annex II.
4494 Amendment to the Agreement On The Network Of Aquaculture Centres In Asia And The Pacific Art.2 Article 2
4494 Amendment to the Agreement On The Network Of Aquaculture Centres In Asia And The Pacific Art.2.1x For the purpose of this Agreement:
4494 Amendment to the Agreement On The Network Of Aquaculture Centres In Asia And The Pacific Art.2.1x.ax Aquaculture means the farming of aquatic organisms.
4494 Amendment to the Agreement On The Network Of Aquaculture Centres In Asia And The Pacific Art.2.1x.bx Donor Government means a government, other than a Member Government, which makes a substantial contribution to the activities of the Organization and has concluded an agreement pursuant to Article 15 of this Agreement.
4494 Amendment to the Agreement On The Network Of Aquaculture Centres In Asia And The Pacific Art.2.1x.cx Member means a government which is a contracting party to this Agreement.
4494 Amendment to the Agreement On The Network Of Aquaculture Centres In Asia And The Pacific Art.2.1x.dx National Centre means an aquaculture institution designated by a Member to serve as national focal point for linkage with NACA.
4494 Amendment to the Agreement On The Network Of Aquaculture Centres In Asia And The Pacific Art.2.1x.ex Organization means the Organization for the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia and the Pacific (NACA).
4494 Amendment to the Agreement On The Network Of Aquaculture Centres In Asia And The Pacific Art.2.1x.fx Regional centre means an aquaculture institution in the Asia-Pacific region selected by the Members to serve as a lead centre to share in the regional activities and responsibilities of NACA.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2 Article 2. Use of Terms
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x For the purposes of this Convention:
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.ax "Biological diversity" means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.bx "Biological resources" includes genetic resources, organisms or parts thereof, populations, or any other biotic component of ecosystems with actual or potential use or value for humanity.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.cx "Biotechnology" means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.dx "Country of origin of genetic resources" means the country which possesses those genetic resources in in-situ conditions.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.ex "Country providing genetic resources" means the country supplying genetic resources collected from in-situ sources, including populations of both wild and domesticated species, or taken from ex-situ sources, which may or may not have originated in that country.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.fx "Domesticated or cultivated species" means species in which the evolutionary process has been influenced by humans to meet their needs.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.gx "Ecosystem" means a dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.hx "Ex-situ conservation" means the conservation of components of biological diversity outside their natural habitats.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.ix "Genetic material" means any material of plant, animal, microbial or other origin containing functional units of heredity.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.jx "Genetic resources" means genetic material of actual or potential value.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.kx "Habitat" means the place or type of site where an organism or population naturally occurs.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.lx "In-situ conditions" means conditions where genetic resources exist within ecosystems and natural habitats, and, in the case of domesticated or cultivated species, in the surroundings where they have developed their distinctive properties.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.mx "In-situ conservation" means the conservation of ecosystems and natural habitats and the maintenance and recovery of viable populations of species in their natural surroundings and, in the case of domesticated or cultivated species, in the surroundings where they have developed their distinctive properties.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.nx "Protected area" means a geographically defined area which is designated or regulated and managed to achieve specific conservation objectives.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.ox "Regional economic integration organization" means an organization constituted by sovereign States of a given region, to which its member States have transferred competence in respect of matters governed by this Convention and which has been duly authorized, in accordance with its internal procedures, to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to it.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.px "Sustainable use" means the use of components of biological diversity in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of biological diversity, thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.2.1x.qx "Technology" includes biotechnology.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.29 Article 29. Amendment of the Convention or Protocols
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.29.1 1. Amendments to this Convention may be proposed by any Contracting Party. Amendments to any protocol may be proposed by any Party to that protocol.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.29.2 2. Amendments to this Convention shall be adopted at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties. Amendments to any protocol shall be adopted at a meeting of the Parties to the Protocol in question. The text of any proposed amendment to this Convention or to any protocol, except as may otherwise be provided in such protocol, shall be communicated to the Parties to the instrument in question by the secretariat at least six months before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption. The secretariat shall also communicate proposed amendments to the signatories to this Convention for information.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.29.3 3. The Parties shall make every effort to reach agreement on any proposed amendment to this Convention or to any protocol by consensus. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted, and no agreement reached, the amendment shall as a last resort be adopted by a two-third majority vote of the Parties to the instrument in question present and voting at the meeting, and shall be submitted by the Depositary to all Parties for ratification, acceptance or approval.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.29.4 4. Ratification, acceptance or approval of amendments shall be notified to the Depositary in writing. Amendments adopted in accordance with paragraph 3 above shall enter into force among Parties having accepted them on the ninetieth day after the deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval by at least two thirds of the Contracting Parties to this Convention or of the Parties to the protocol concerned, except as may otherwise be provided in such protocol. Thereafter the amendments shall enter into force for any other Party on the ninetieth day after that Party deposits its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval of the amendments.
3128 Convention On Biological Diversity Art.29.5 5. For the purposes of this Article, "Parties present and voting" means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote.
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2 Article II
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.0x For the purposes of this Convention:
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.1 1. "Pollution of the marine environment" means the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the marine environment, including estuaries, which results or is likely to result in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources and marine life, hazard to human health, hindrance to marine activities, including fishing and other legitimate uses of the sea, impairment of quality for use of sea water and reduction of amenities.
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.2.a 2. a) "Vessel" means seaborne craft of any type. This expression includes hydrofoil boats, aircushion vehicles, submersibles, floating craft whether self-propelled or not and platforms and other man-made structures at sea.
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.2.b b) "Aircraft" means airborne craft of any type.
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.3.a 3. a) "Dumping" means:
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.3.a.i i) any deliberate disposal of wastes or other matter from vessels or aircraft;
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.3.a.ii ii) any deliberate disposal of vessels or aircraft;
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.3.b b) "Dumping" does not include:
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.3.b.i i) the disposal of wastes or other matter incidental to or derived from the normal operations of vessels or aircraft and their equipment, other than wastes or other matter transported by or to vessels or aircraft operating for purpose of disposal of such matter or derived from the treatment of such wastes or other matter on such vessels or aircraft;
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.3.b.ii ii) placement of matter for a purpose other than the mere disposal thereof, provided that such placement is not contrary to the aims of this Convention.
3124 Convention On The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution Art.2.4 4. "Harmful substance" means any hazardous, noxious or other substance, the introduction of which into the marine environment would result in pollution or adversely affect the biological processes due to its toxicity and/or persistence and/or bioaccumulation characteristics.
3118 Agreement On The Conservation Of Small Cetaceans Of The Baltic And North Seas Art.1 1. Scope and interpretation
3118 Agreement On The Conservation Of Small Cetaceans Of The Baltic And North Seas Art.1.1 1.1. This agreement shall apply to all small cetaceans found within the area of the agreement.
3118 Agreement On The Conservation Of Small Cetaceans Of The Baltic And North Seas Art.1.2 1.2. For the purpose of this agreement:
3118 Agreement On The Conservation Of Small Cetaceans Of The Baltic And North Seas Art.1.2.a (a) "Small cetaceans" means any species, subspecies or population of toothed whales Odontoceti, except the sperm whale Physeter macrocephalus;
3118 Agreement On The Conservation Of Small Cetaceans Of The Baltic And North Seas Art.1.2.b (b) "Area of the agreement" means the marine environment of the Baltic and North Seas, as delimited to the north-east by the shores of the Gulfs of Bothnia and Finland; to the south-west by latitude 48° 30' N and longitude 5° W; to the north-west by longitude 5° W and a line drawn through the following points: latitude 60° N/ longitude 5° W, latitude 61° N/ longitude 4° W, and latitude 62° N/ longitude 3° W; to the north by latitude 62° N; and including the Kattegat and the Sound and Belt passages but excluding the waters between Cape Wrath and St Anthony Head;
3118 Agreement On The Conservation Of Small Cetaceans Of The Baltic And North Seas Art.1.2.c (c) "Bonn Convention" means the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (Bonn 1979);
3118 Agreement On The Conservation Of Small Cetaceans Of The Baltic And North Seas Art.1.2.d (d) "Regional Economic Integration Organization" means an organization constituted by sovereign States which has competence in respect of the negotiation, conclusion and application of international agreements in matters covered by this agreement;
3118 Agreement On The Conservation Of Small Cetaceans Of The Baltic And North Seas Art.1.2.e (e) "Party" means a range State or any Regional Economic Integration Organization for which this agreement is in force;
3118 Agreement On The Conservation Of Small Cetaceans Of The Baltic And North Seas Art.1.2.f (f) "Range State" means any State, whether or not a Party to the agreement, that exercises jurisdiction over any part of the range of a species covered by this agreement, or a State whose flag vessels, outside national jurisdictional limits but within the area of the agreement, are engaged in operations adversely affecting small cetaceans;
3118 Agreement On The Conservation Of Small Cetaceans Of The Baltic And North Seas Art.1.2.g (g) "Secretariat" means, unless the context otherwise indicates, the Secretariat to this agreement.
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1 Article 1
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x In this Treaty:
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.a (a) "fishing" means:
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.a.i (i) searching for, catching, taking or harvesting fish;
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.a.ii (ii) attempting to search for, catch, take or harvest fish;
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.a.iii (iii) engaging in any other activity which can reasonably be expected to result in the locating, catching, taking or harvesting of fish;
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.a.iv (iv) placing, searching for or recovering fish aggregating devices or associated electronic equipment such as radio beacons;
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.a.v (v) any operations at sea directly in support of, or in preparation for any activity described in this paragraph;
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.a.vi (vi) use of any craft, air or sea borne, for any activity described in this paragraph except for emergencies involving the health and safety of the crew or the safety of a vessel;
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.a.vii (vii) the processing, carrying or transhipping of fish that have been taken.
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.b (b) "fishing vessel" means any boat, ship or other craft which is used for, equipped to be used for, or of a type normally used for fishing;
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.c (c) "foreign fishing agreement" means an agreement or arrangement authorizing or permitting foreign fishing vessels to fish in the exclusive economic zone or fisheries zone of any Party;
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.d (d) "foreign fishing vessel" in relation to a Party means a fishing vessel which is not part of the domestic fleet of that Party;
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.e (e) "South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency" means the Agency of that name established by the South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency Convention, 1979; and
3132 Niue Treaty On Cooperation In Fisheries Surveillance And Law Enforcement In The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.f (f) "Subsidiary Agreement" means an agreement or an arrangement entered into by any two or more Parties in accordance with this Treaty.
3163 Convention Concerning The Prevention Of Major Industrial Accidents Art.3 Article 3
3163 Convention Concerning The Prevention Of Major Industrial Accidents Art.3.1x For the purposes of this Convention:
3163 Convention Concerning The Prevention Of Major Industrial Accidents Art.3.1x.a (a) the term hazardous substance means a substance or mixture of substances which by virtue of chemical, physical or toxicological properties, either singly or in combination, constitutes a hazard;
3163 Convention Concerning The Prevention Of Major Industrial Accidents Art.3.1x.b (b) the term threshold quantity means for a given hazardous substance or category of substances that quantity, prescribed in national laws and regulations by reference to specific conditions, which if exceeded identifies a major hazard installation;
3163 Convention Concerning The Prevention Of Major Industrial Accidents Art.3.1x.c (c) the term major hazard installation means one which produces, processes, handles, uses, disposes of or stores, either permanently or temporarily, one or more hazardous substances or categories of substances in quantities which exceed the threshold quantity;
3163 Convention Concerning The Prevention Of Major Industrial Accidents Art.3.1x.d (d) the term major accident means a sudden occurrence such as a major emission, fire or explosion in the course of an activity within a major hazard installation, involving one or more hazardous substances and leading to a serious danger to workers, the public or the environment, whether immediate or delayed;
3163 Convention Concerning The Prevention Of Major Industrial Accidents Art.3.1x.e (e) the term safety report means a written presentation of the technical, management and operational information covering the hazards and risks of a major hazard installation and their control and providing justification for the measures taken for the safety of the installation;
3163 Convention Concerning The Prevention Of Major Industrial Accidents Art.3.1x.f (f) the term near miss means any sudden event involving one or more hazardous substances which, but for mitigating effects, actions or systems, could have escalated to a major accident.
3163 Convention Concerning The Prevention Of Major Industrial Accidents Part.2.1x PART II. GENERAL PRINCIPLES
3152 Agreement On The Establishment Of The Near East Plant Protection Organization Art.2 ARTICLE II
3152 Agreement On The Establishment Of The Near East Plant Protection Organization Art.2.1x For the purpose of this Agreement and in accordance with the provisions of Article II of the International Plant Protection Convention:
3152 Agreement On The Establishment Of The Near East Plant Protection Organization Art.2.1x.ax plants comprise living plants and parts thereof, including seeds;
3152 Agreement On The Establishment Of The Near East Plant Protection Organization Art.2.1x.bx plant products comprise unmanufactured material of plant origin (including seeds insofar as they are not included in the term "plants") and those manufactured products which, by their nature or that of their processing, may create a risk for the spread of pests;
3152 Agreement On The Establishment Of The Near East Plant Protection Organization Art.2.1x.cx Pests means any form of plant or animal life or any pathogenic agent, injurious or potentially injurious to plants or plant products.
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.3 Article III. SPECIES AND STOCKS
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.3.1x The species covered by this Agreement shall be those set out in Annex B. The term “stocks” means the populations of such species which are located in the Area or migrate into or out of the Area.
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4 Article IV. MEMBERSHIP
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.1 1. Membership in the Commission shall be open to Members and Associate Members of FAO
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.1.a (a) that are:
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.1.a.i (i) coastal States or Associate Members situated wholly or partly within the Area;
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.1.a.ii (ii) States or Associate Members whose vessels engage in fishing in the Area for stocks covered by this Agreement; or
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.1.a.iii (iii) regional economic integration organizations of which any State referred to in subparagraphs (i), or (ii) above is a member and to which that State has transferred competence over matters within the purview of this Agreement; and
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.1.b (b) that accept this Agreement in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article XVII.
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.2 2. The Commission may, by a two-thirds majority of its Members, admit to membership any other States that are not Members of FAO, but are Members of the United Nations, or of any of its Specialized Agencies or of the International Atomic Energy Agency, provided that such States:
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.2.a (a) are
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.2.a.i (i) coastal States situated wholly or partly within the Area; or
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.2.a.ii (ii) States whose vessels engage in fishing in the Area for stocks covered by this Agreement; and
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.2.b (b) have submitted an application for membership and a declaration made in a formal instrument that they accept this Agreement as in force at the time of acceptance in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article XVII.
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.3 3. With a view to furthering the objectives of this Agreement, the Members of the Commission shall cooperate with each other to encourage any State or regional economic integration organization which is entitled to become, but is not yet, a Member of the Commission, to accede to this Agreement.
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.4 4. If any Member of the Commission ceases to meet the criteria set out in paragraphs 1 or 2 above for two consecutive calendar years, the Commission may, after consultation with the Member concerned, determine that the Member is deemed to have withdrawn from this Agreement effective as from the date of that determination.
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.5 5. For the purposes of this Agreement, the term “whose vessels” in relation to a Member Organization means vessels of a Member State of such Member Organization.
3174 Agreement For The Establishment Of The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Art.4.6 6. Nothing in this Agreement, nor any act or activity carried out in pursuance of this Agreement, shall be interpreted as changing or in any way affecting the position of any party to this Agreement with respect to the legal status of any area covered by this Agreement.
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45 Article 45: Definitions
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.1 1. For purposes of this Agreement:
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.1.ax A Party has not failed to "effectively enforce its environmental law" or to comply with Article 5(1) in a particular case where the action or inaction in question by agencies or officials of that Party:
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.1.a (a) reflects a reasonable exercise of their discretion in respect of investigatory, prosecutorial, regulatory or compliance matters; or
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.1.b (b) results from bona fide decisions to allocate resources to enforcement in respect of other environmental matters determined to have higher priorities;
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.1.cx "non-governmental organization" means any scientific, professional, business, non-profit, or public interest organization or association which is neither affiliated with, nor under the direction of, a government;
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.1.dx "persistent pattern" means a sustained or recurring course of action or inaction beginning after the date of entry into force of this Agreement;
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.1.ex "province" means a province of Canada, and includes the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories and their successors; and
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.1.fx "territory" means for a Party the territory of that Party as set out in Annex 45.
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.2 2. For purposes of Article 14(l) and Part Five:
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.2.a (a) "environmental law" means any statute or regulation of a Party, or provision thereof, the primary purpose of which is the protection of the environment, or the prevention of a danger to human life or health, through
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.2.a.i (i) the prevention, abatement or control of the release, discharge, or emission of pollutants or environmental contaminants,
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.2.a.ii (ii)the control of environmentally hazardous or toxic chemicals, substances, materials and wastes, and the dissemination of information related thereto, or
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.2.a.iii (iii) the protection of wild flora or fauna, including endangered species, their habitat, and specially protected natural areas in the Party's territory, but does not include any statute or regulation, or provision thereof, directly related to worker safety or health.
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.2.b (b) For greater certainty, the term "environmental law" does not include any statute or regulation, or provision thereof, the primary purpose of which is managing the commercial harvest or exploitation, or subsistence or aboriginal harvesting, of natural resources.
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.2.c (c) The primary purpose of a particular statutory or regulatory provision for purposes of subparagraphs (a) and (b) shall be determined by reference to its primary purpose, rather than to the primary purpose of the statute or regulation of which it is part.
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.3 3. For purposes of Article 14(3), "judicial or administrative proceeding" means:
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.3.a (a) a domestic judicial, quasi-judicial or administrative action pursued by the Party in a timely fashion and in accordance with its law. Such actions comprise: mediation; arbitration; the process of issuing a license, permit, or authorization; seeking an assurance of voluntary compliance or a compliance agreement; seeking sanctions or remedies in an administrative or judicial forum; and the process of issuing an administrative order; and
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Art.45.3.b (b) an international dispute resolution proceeding to which the Party is party.
3168 North American Agreement On Environmental Cooperation Part.7 PART SEVEN
3173 Agreement To Promote Compliance With International Conservation And Management Measures By Fishing Vessels On The High Seas Art.1 ARTICLE I
3173 Agreement To Promote Compliance With International Conservation And Management Measures By Fishing Vessels On The High Seas Art.1.1x For the purposes of this Agreement:
3173 Agreement To Promote Compliance With International Conservation And Management Measures By Fishing Vessels On The High Seas Art.1.1x.a (a) "fishing vessel" means any vessel used or intended for use for the purposes of the commercial exploitation of living marine resources, including mother ships and any other vessels directly engaged in such fishing operations;
3173 Agreement To Promote Compliance With International Conservation And Management Measures By Fishing Vessels On The High Seas Art.1.1x.b (b) "international conservation and management measures" means measures to conserve or manage one or more species of living marine resources that are adopted and applied in accordance with the relevant rules of international law as reflected in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Such measures may be adopted either by global, regional or subregional fisheries organizations, subject to the rights and obligations of their members, or by treaties or other international agreements;
3173 Agreement To Promote Compliance With International Conservation And Management Measures By Fishing Vessels On The High Seas Art.1.1x.c (c) "length" means
3173 Agreement To Promote Compliance With International Conservation And Management Measures By Fishing Vessels On The High Seas Art.1.1x.c.i (i) for any fishing vessel built after 18 July 1982, 96 percent of the total length on a waterline at 85 percent of the least moulded depth measured from the top of the keel, or the length from the foreside of the stem to the axis of the rudder stock on that waterline, if that be greater. In ships designed with a rake of keel the waterline on which this length is measured shall be parallel to the designed waterline;
3173 Agreement To Promote Compliance With International Conservation And Management Measures By Fishing Vessels On The High Seas Art.1.1x.c.ii (ii) for any fishing vessel built before 18 July 1982, registered length as entered on the national register or other record of vessels;
3173 Agreement To Promote Compliance With International Conservation And Management Measures By Fishing Vessels On The High Seas Art.1.1x.d (d) "record of fishing vessels" means a record of fishing vessels in which are recorded pertinent details of the fishing vessel. It may constitute a separate record for fishing vessels or form part of a general record of vessels;
3173 Agreement To Promote Compliance With International Conservation And Management Measures By Fishing Vessels On The High Seas Art.1.1x.e (e) "regional economic integration organization" means a regional economic integration organization to which its Member States have transferred competence over matters covered by this Agreement, including the authority to make decisions binding on its Member States in respect of those matters;
3173 Agreement To Promote Compliance With International Conservation And Management Measures By Fishing Vessels On The High Seas Art.1.1x.f (f) "vessels entitled to fly its flag" and "vessels entitled to fly the flag of a State", includes vessels entitled to fly the flag of a Member State of a regional economic integration organization.
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1 ARTICLE I: Use of Terms
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x In this Convention:
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x.ax "Association" means the Association of Caribbean States established by Article II.
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x.bx "Convention" means the Convention establishing the Association.
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x.cx "Meeting of Heads of State or Government" means the Meeting of Heads of State or Government referred to in Article VI.
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x.dx "Member State" means a State mentioned in Article IV(1) that is a party to this Convention.
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x.ex "Associate Member" means a political entity mentioned in Article IV(2).
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x.fx "Ministerial Council" means the Ministerial Council of the Association established by Article VII.
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x.gx "Observers" means the entities referred to in Article V and admitted as such to the Association.
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x.hx "Secretariat" means the Secretariat of the Association established by Article VII.
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x.ix "Secretary-General" means the Secretary-General of the Association.
3192 Convention Establishing the Association of Caribbean States Art.1.1x.jx "Social Partners" means non-governmental organisations or other entities which are broadly representative of wide interests in the States, Countries and Territories of the region, and which are recognised and accepted as such by the Ministerial Council.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11 Article XI
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.1 1. Each Party shall take all necessary measures to ensure that its nationals and fishing vessels flying its flag comply with the provisions of this Convention and measures adopted pursuant thereto. For purposes of this Convention, "fishing vessel" means any vessel used or intended for use for the purposes of the commercial exploitation of living marine resources, including mother ships and any other vessels directly engaged in such fishing operations.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.2 2. Each Party shall:
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.2.a (a) ensure that its fishing vessels fish for pollock in the Convention Area only pursuant to specific authorization issued by that Party; and
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.2.b (b) ensure that fishing operations for pollock by its fishing vessels undertaken in violation of the provisions of this Convention or of such authorization constitute an offense under its national legislation.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.3 3. Each Party shall require its fishing vessels that fish for pollock in the Convention Area:
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.3.a (a) to use real-time satellite position-fixing transmitters while in the Bering Sea,
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.3.b (b) to notify the other Parties of their intention to enter the Convention Area 48 hours prior to such entry, the procedures for which shall be established by the Annual Conference; and
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.3.c (c) to notify the other Parties of the location of any transshipments of fish and fish products to transport vessels 24 hours prior to such transshipment.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.4 4. The Parties shall exchange:
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.4.a (a) information collected by real-time satellite position-fixing transmitters on a real time basis through bilateral channels; and
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.4.b (b) catch data on a sufficiently regular basis, established by the Annual Conference to ensure effective implementation of the relevant conservation and management measures.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.5 5. The Parties shall establish a Central Bering Sea Observer Program in accordance with the following principles:
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.5.a (a) Each fishing vessel of the Parties that fishes for pollock in the Convention Area shall accept one observer of a Party other than its flag-State Party, upon request of such Party, under conditions established bilaterally sufficiently in advance by the Parties concerned. If such an observer is not available, the fishing vessel shall have on board one observer from its flag-State Party.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.5.b (b) The observers shall be trained and certified in accordance with the procedures to be included in the Program.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.5.c (c) The Program shall have as its objective a significant level of coverage by observers sent by non-flag-State Parties.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.5.d (d) With respect to observers sent by non-flag-State Parties, each Party shall require its fishing vessels to bear the costs of meals and accommodation of such observers. Other matters relating to costs shall be arranged between the parties concerned.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.5.e (e) The activities of observers shall include monitoring the implementation of conservation and management measures adopted pursuant to this Convention (e. g. , measures relating to fishing activities, location thereof, incidental catch, and fishing gear) and reporting of their findings to the flag-State Party and observer's Party.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.6 6. Each Party may enforce the provisions of this Convention within the Convention Area in accordance with the following:
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.6.a (a) Each Party consents to the boarding and inspection of fishing vessels flying its flag and located in the Convention Area by duly authorized officials of any other Party for compliance with this Convention or measures adopted pursuant thereto.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.6.b (b) Such Officials may inspect the vessel (other than crew quarters and engineering spaces), catch, fishing gear, and relevant documents and logbooks, and question the master, the fishing master, and other officers on board.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.6.c (c) When conducting inspections, such officials shall present credentials issued by their Governments, minimize interference with and inconvenience to the operations of the fishing vessel undertaken pursuant to this Convention, and follow procedures set forth in a manual adopted by the Annual Conference.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7 7. Where an inspection of a fishing vessel undertaken under paragraph 6 above reveals evidence of a violation of the provisions of this Convention or of measures adopted pursuant thereto:
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.a (a) The flag-State Party shall be notified promptly of alleged violations. The flag State Party shall take appropriate measures in accordance with its national laws and regulations, including prompt investigation. The flag-State Party shall order the fishing vessel to cease operations in violation of the provisions of this Convention or of measures adopted pursuant thereto and, in appropriate cases, shall order the fishing vessel to leave the Convention Area immediately.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.b (b) In any case in which the fishing vessel has:
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.b.i i. engaged in fishing for pollock, other than trial fishing, in the Convention Area in any year:
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.b.i.1 (1) in which tile AHL is zero;
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.b.i.2 (2) while fishing for pollock is not allowed in accordance with the provisions of this Convention;
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.b.i.3 (3) after the total catch of pollock of the fishing vessel's Party has reached the INQ of that Party;
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.b.ii ii. operated in the Convention Area without specific authorization from the flag-State Party; or
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.b.iii iii. operated in the Convention Area without an observer or without an operable real-time satellite position-fixing transmitter, in circumstances set forth in a manual adopted by the Annual Conference;
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.b.ivx and the flag-State Party is not in a position to take immediate control or otherwise carry out its responsibility for the operation of the fishing vessel, the officials of the boarding Party may continue the boarding initiated under paragraph 6 above until officials of the flag-State Party board the fishing vessel or the flag-State Party otherwise carries out its responsibility for the operation of the fishing vessel. In such circumstances, the Parties concerned shall cooperate to ensure full compliance with this Convention and with conservation and management measures adopted pursuant thereto. In particular, the Parties concerned shall consult and take such practical steps as may be necessary to ensure such compliance.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.c (c) Only the authorities of the flag-State Party may try the offense and impose penalties therefor. The evidence necessary for establishing the offense, insofar as it is under the control of any of the Parties, shall be furnished, in accordance with the respective laws and regulations of the Parties, as promptly as possible to the Party having jurisdiction to try the offense and shall be taken into account, and utilized as appropriate, by the relevant authorities of that Party.
3187 Convention On The Conservation And Management Of Pollock Resources In The Central Bering Sea Art.11.7.d (d) Penalties provided for in the relevant laws and regulations of the Parties shall reflect the seriousness of the infractions.
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1 Article 1
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x For the purposes of this Convention:
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.a (a) "desertification" means land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.b (b) "combating desertification" includes activities which are part of the integrated development of land in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas for sustainable development which are aimed at:
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.b.i (i) prevention and/ or reduction of land degradation;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.b.ii (ii) rehabilitation of partly degraded land; and
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.b.iii (iii) reclamation of desertified land; 4
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.c (c) "drought" means the naturally occurring phenomenon that exists when precipitation has been significantly below normal recorded levels, causing serious hydrological imbalances that adversely affect land resource production systems;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.d (d) "mitigating the effects of drought" means activities related to the prediction of drought and intended to reduce the vulnerability of society and natural systems to drought as it relates to combating desertification;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.e (e) "land" means the terrestrial bio-productive system that comprises soil, vegetation, other biota, and the ecological and hydrological processes that operate within the system;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.f (f) "land degradation" means reduction or loss, in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, of the biological or economic productivity and complexity of rainfed cropland, irrigated cropland, or range, pasture, forest and woodlands resulting from land uses or from a process or combination of processes, including processes arising from human activities and habitation patterns, such as:
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.f.i (i) soil erosion caused by wind and/ or water;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.f.ii (ii) deterioration of the physical, chemical and biological or economic properties of soil; and
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.f.iii (iii) long-term loss of natural vegetation;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.g (g) "arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas" means areas, other than polar and sub-polar regions, in which the ratio of annual precipitation to potential evapotranspiration falls within the range from 0.05 to 0.65;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.h (h) "affected areas" means arid, semi-arid and/ or dry sub-humid areas affected or threatened by desertification;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.i (i) "affected countries" means countries whose lands include, in whole or in part, affected areas;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.j (j) "regional economic integration organization" means an organization constituted by sovereign States of a given region which has competence in respect of matters governed by this Convention and has been duly authorized, in accordance with its internal procedures, to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to this Convention;
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.1.1x.k (k) "developed country Parties" means developed country Parties and regional economic integration organizations constituted by developed countries.
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.30 Article 30
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.30.1 1. Any Party may propose amendments to the Convention.
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.30.2 2. Amendments to the Convention shall be adopted at an ordinary session of the Conference of the Parties. The text of any proposed amendment shall be communicated to the Parties by the Permanent Secretariat at least six months before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption. The Permanent Secretariat shall also communicate proposed amendments to the signatories to the Convention.
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.30.3 3. The Parties shall make every effort to reach agreement on any proposed amendment to the Convention by consensus. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted and no agreement reached, the amendment shall, as a last resort, be adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of the Parties present and voting at the meeting. The adopted amendment shall be communicated by the Permanent Secretariat to the Depositary, who shall circulate it to all Parties for their ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.30.4 4. Instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession in respect of an amendment shall be deposited with the Depositary. An amendment adopted pursuant to paragraph 3 shall enter into force for those Parties having accepted it on the ninetieth day after the date of receipt by the Depositary of an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession by at least two thirds of the Parties to the Convention which were Parties at the time of the adoption of the amendment.
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.30.5 5. The amendment shall enter into force for any other Party on the ninetieth day after the date on which that Party deposits with the Depositary its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval of, or accession to the said amendment.
3188 Convention To Combat Desertification In Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And/Or Desertification, Particularly In Africa Art.30.6 6. For the purposes of this article and article 31, "Parties present and voting" means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1 Article 1
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.0x As used in this Treaty:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.1 1) "Charter" means the European Energy Charter adopted in the Concluding Document of the Hague Conference on the European Energy Charter signed at The Hague on 17 December 1991; signature of the Concluding Document is considered to be signature of the Charter.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.2 2) "Contracting Party" means a state or Regional Economic Integration Organization which has consented to be bound by this Treaty and for which the Treaty is in force.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.3 3) "Regional Economic Integration Organization" means an organization constituted by states to which they have transferred competence over certain matters a number of which are governed by this Treaty, including the authority to take decisions binding on them in respect of those matters.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.4 4) "Energy Materials and Products", based on the Harmonized System of the Customs Cooperation Council and the Combined Nomenclature of the European Communities, means the items included in Annex EM.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.5 5) "Economic Activity in the Energy Sector" means an economic activity concerning the exploration, extraction, refining, production, storage, land transport, transmission, distribution, trade, marketing, or sale of Energy Materials and Products except those included in Annex NI, or concerning the distribution of heat to multiple premises.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.6 6) "Investment" means every kind of asset, owned or controlled directly or indirectly by an Investor and includes:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.6.a a) tangible and intangible, and movable and immovable, property, and any property rights such as leases, mortgages, liens, and pledges;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.6.b b) a company or business enterprise, or shares, stock, or other forms of equity participation in a company or business enterprise, and bonds and other debt of a company or business enterprise;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.6.c c) claims to money and claims to performance pursuant to contract having an economic value and associated with an Investment;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.6.d d) Intellectual Property;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.6.e e) Returns;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.6.f f) any right conferred by law or contract or by virtue of any licences and permits granted pursuant to law to undertake any Economic Activity in the Energy Sector.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.6.gx A change in the form in which assets are invested does not affect their character as investments and the term "Investment" includes all investments, whether existing at or made after the later of the date of entry into force of this Treaty for the Contracting Party of the Investor making the investment and that for the Contracting Party in the Area of which the investment is made hereinafter referred to as the "Effective Date) provided that the Treaty shall only apply to matters affecting such investments after the Effective Date.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.6.hx Investment refers to any investment associated with an Economic Activity in the Energy Sector and to investments or classes of investments designated by a Contracting Party in its Area as "Charter efficiency projects" and so notified to the Secretariat.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.7 7) "Investor" means:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.7.a a) with respect to a Contracting Party:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.7.a.i i) a natural person having the citizenship or nationality of or who is permanently residing in that Contracting Party in accordance with its applicable law;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.7.a.ii ii) a company or other organization organized in accordance with the law applicable in that Contracting Party;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.7.b b) with respect to a "third state", a natural person, company or other organization which fulfils, mutatis mutandis, the conditions specified in subparagraph a) for a Contracting Party.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.8 8) "Make Investments" or "Making of Investments" means establishing new Investments, acquiring all or part of existing Investments or moving into different fields of Investment activity.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.9 9) "Returns" means the amounts derived from or associated with an Investment, irrespective of the form in which they are paid, including profits, dividends, interest, capital gains, royalty payments, management, technical assistance or other fees and payments in kind.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.10 10) "Area" means with respect to a state that is a Contracting Party:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.10.a a) the territory under its sovereignty, it being understood that territory includes land, internal waters and the territorial sea; and
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.10.b b) subject to and in accordance with the international law of the sea: the sea, sea-bed and its subsoil with regard to which that Contracting Party exercises sovereign rights and jurisdiction.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.10.cx With respect to a Regional Economic Integration Organization which is a Contracting Party, Area means the Areas of the member states of such Organization, under the provisions contained in the agreement establishing that Organization.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.11.a 11) a) "GATT" means "GATT 1947" or "GATT 1994", or both of them where both are applicable.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.11.b b) "GATT 1947" means the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, dated 30 October 1947, annexed to the Final Act Adopted at the Conclusion of the Second Session of the Preparatory Committee of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, as subsequently rectified, amended or modified.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.11.c c) "GATT 1994" means the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade as specified in Annex 1A of the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, as subsequently rectified, amended or modified.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.11.c.ix A party to the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization is considered to be a party to GATT 1994.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.11.d d) "Related Instruments" means, as appropriate:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.11.d.i i) agreements, arrangements or other legal instruments, including decisions, declarations and understandings, concluded under the auspices of GATT 1947 as subsequently rectified, amended or modified; or
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.11.d.ii ii) the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization including its Annex 1 except GATT 1994), its Annexes 2, 3 and 4, and the decisions, declarations and understandings related thereto, as subsequently rectified, amended or modified.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.12 12) "Intellectual Property" includes copyrights and related rights, trademarks, geographical indications, industrial designs, patents, layout designs of integrated circuits and the protection of undisclosed information.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.13.a 13) a) "Energy Charter Protocol" or "Protocol" means a treaty, the negotiation of which is authorized and the text of which is adopted by the Charter Conference, which is entered into by two or more Contracting Parties in order to complement, supplement, extend or amplify the provisions of this Treaty with respect to any specific sector or category of activity within the scope of this Treaty, or to areas of cooperation pursuant to Title III of the Charter.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.13.b b) "Energy Charter Declaration" or "Declaration" means a non-binding instrument, the negotiation of which is authorized and the text of which is approved by the Charter Conference, which is entered into by two or more Contracting Parties to complement or supplement the provisions of this Treaty.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.1.14 14) "Freely Convertible Currency" means a currency which is widely traded in international foreign exchange markets and widely used in international transactions.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7 Article 7
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.1 1) Each Contracting Party shall take the necessary measures to facilitate the Transit of Energy Materials and Products consistent with the principle of freedom of transit and without distinction as to the origin, destination or ownership of such Energy Materials and Products or discrimination as to pricing on the basis of such distinctions, and without imposing any unreasonable delays, restrictions or charges.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.2 2) Contracting Parties shall encourage relevant entitles to cooperate in:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.2.a a) modernizing Energy Transport Facilities necessary to the Transit of Energy Materials and Products;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.2.b b) the development and operation of Energy Transport Facilities serving the Areas of more than one Contracting Party;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.2.c c) measures to mitigate the effects of interruptions in the supply of Energy Materials and Products;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.2.d d) facilitating the interconnection of Energy Transport Facilities.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.3 3) Each Contracting Party undertakes that its provisions relating to transport of Energy Materials and Products and the use of Energy Transport Facilities shall treat Energy Materials and Products in Transit in no less favourable a manner than its provisions treat such materials and products originating in or destined for its own Area, unless an existing international agreement provides otherwise.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.4 4) In the event that Transit of Energy Materials and Products cannot be achieved on commercial terms by means of Energy Transport Facilities the Contracting Parties shall not place obstacles in the way of new capacity being established, except as may be otherwise provided in applicable legislation which is consistent with paragraph 1).
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.5 5) A Contracting Party through whose Area Energy Materials and Products may transit shall not be obliged to
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.5.a a) permit the construction or modification of Energy Transport Facilities; or
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.5.b b) permit new or additional Transit through existing Energy Transport Facilities,
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.5.cx which it demonstrates to the other Contracting Parties concerned would endanger the security or efficiency of its energy systems, including the security of supply.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.5.dx Contracting Parties shall, subject to paragraphs 6) and 7), secure established flows of Energy Materials and Products to, from or between the Areas of other Contracting Parties.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.6 6) A Contracting Party through whose Area Energy Materials and Products transit shall not, in the event of a dispute over any matter arising from that Transit, interrupt or reduce, permit any entity subject to its control to interrupt or reduce, or require any entity subject to its jurisdiction to interrupt or reduce the existing flow of Energy Materials and Products prior to the conclusion of the dispute resolution procedures set out in paragraph 7), except where this is specifically provided for in a contract or other agreement governing such Transit or permitted in accordance with the conciliator's decision.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.7 7) The following provisions shall apply to a dispute described in paragraph 6), but only following the exhaustion of all relevant contractual or other dispute resolution remedies previously agreed between the Contracting Parties party to the dispute or between any entity referred to in paragraph 6) and an entity of another Contracting Party party to the dispute:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.7.a a) A Contracting Party party to the dispute may refer it to the Secretary-General by a notification summarizing the matters in dispute. The Secretary-General shall notify all Contracting Parties of any such referral.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.7.b b) Within 30 days of receipt of such a notification, the Secretary-General, in consultation with the parties to the dispute and the other Contracting Parties concerned, shall appoint a conciliator. Such a conciliator shall have experience in the matters subject to dispute and shall not be a national or citizen of or permanently resident in a party to the dispute or one of the other Contracting Parties concerned.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.7.c c) The conciliator shall seek the agreement of the parties to the dispute to a resolution thereof or upon a procedure to achieve such resolution. If within 90 days of his appointment he has failed to secure such agreement, he shall recommend a resolution to the dispute or a procedure to achieve such resolution and shall decide the interim tariffs and other terms and conditions to be observed for Transit from a date which he shall specify until the dispute is resolved.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.7.d d) The Contracting Parties undertake to observe and ensure that the entities under their control or jurisdiction observe any interim decision under subparagraph c) on tariffs, terms and conditions for 12 months following the conciliator's decision or until resolution of the dispute, whichever is earlier.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.7.e e) Notwithstanding subparagraph b) the Secretary-General may elect not to appoint a conciliator if in his judgement the dispute concerns Transit that is or has been the subject of the dispute resolution procedures set out in subparagraphs a) to d) and those proceedings have not resulted in a resolution of the dispute.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.7.f f) The Charter Conference shall adopt standard provisions concerning the conduct of conciliation and the compensation of conciliators.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.8 8) Nothing in this Article shall derogate from a Contracting Party's rights and obligations under international law including customary international law, existing bilateral or multilateral agreements, including rules concerning submarine cables and pipelines.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.9 9) This Article shall not be so interpreted as to oblige any Contracting Party which does not have a certain type of Energy Transport Facilities used for Transit to take any measure under this Article with respect to that type of Energy Transport Facilities. Such a Contracting Party is, however, obliged to comply with paragraph 4).
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.10 10) For the purposes of this Article:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.10.a a) "Transit" means
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.10.a.i i) the carriage through the Area of a Contracting Party, or to or from port facilities in its Area for loading or unloading, of Energy Materials and Products originating in the Area of another state and destined for the Area of a third state, so long as either the other state or the third state is a Contracting Party; or
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.10.a.ii ii) the carriage through the Area of a Contracting Party of Energy Materials and Products originating in the Area of another Contracting Party and destined for the Area of that other Contracting Party, unless the two Contracting Parties concerned decide otherwise and record their decision by a joint entry in Annex N. The two Contracting Parties may delete their listing in Annex N by delivering a joint written notification of their intentions to the Secretariat, which shall transmit that notification to all other Contracting Parties. The deletion shall take effect four weeks after such former notification.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.7.10.b b) "Energy Transport Facilities" consist of high-pressure gas transmission pipelines, high-voltage electricity transmission grids and lines, crude oil transmission pipelines, coal slurry pipelines, oil product pipelines, and other fixed facilities specifically for handling Energy Materials and Products.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10 Article 10
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.1 1) Each Contracting Party shall, in accordance with the provisions of this Treaty, encourage and create stable, equitable, favourable and transparent conditions for Investors of other Contracting Parties to Make Investments in its Area. Such conditions shall include a commitment to accord at all times to Investments of Investors of other Contracting Parties fair and equitable treatment. Such Investments shall also enjoy the most constant protection and security and no Contracting Party shall in any way impair by unreasonable or discriminatory measures their management, maintenance, use, enjoyment or disposal. In no case shall such Investments be accorded treatment less favourable than that required by international law, including treaty obligations. Each Contracting Party shall observe any obligations it has entered into with an Investor or an Investment of an Investor of any other Contracting Party.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.2 2) Each Contracting Party shall endeavour to accord to Investors of other Contracting Parties, as regards the Making of Investments in its Area, the Treatment described in paragraph 3).
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.3 3) For the purposes of this Article, "Treatment" means treatment accorded by a Contracting Party which is no less favourable than that which it accords to its own Investors or to Investors of any other Contracting Party or any third state, whichever is the most favourable.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.4 4) A supplementary treaty shall, subject to conditions to be laid down therein, oblige each party thereto to accord to Investors of other parties, as regards the Making of Investments in its Area, the Treatment described in paragraph 3). That treaty shall be open for signature by the states and Regional Economic Integration Organizations which have signed or acceded to this Treaty. Negotiations towards the supplementary treaty shall commence not later than 1 January 1995, with a view to concluding it by 1 January 1998.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.5 5) Each Contracting Party shall, as regards the Making of Investments in its Area, endeavour to:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.5.a a) limit to the minimum the exceptions to the Treatment described in paragraph 3);
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.5.b b) progressively remove existing restrictions affecting Investors of other Contracting Parties.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.6.a 6) a) A Contracting Party may, as regards the Making of Investments in its Area, at any time declare voluntarily to the Charter Conference, through the Secretariat, its intention not to introduce new exceptions to the Treatment described in paragraph 3).
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.6.b b) A Contracting Party may, furthermore, at any time make a voluntary commitment to accord to Investors of other Contracting Parties, as regards the Making of Investments in some or all Economic Activities in the Energy Sector in its Area, the Treatment described in paragraph 3). Such commitments shall be notified to the Secretariat and listed in Annex VC and shall be binding under this Treaty.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.7 7) Each Contracting Party shall accord to Investments in its Area of Investors of other Contracting Parties, and their related activities including management, maintenance, use, enjoyment or disposal, treatment no less favourable than that which it accords to Investments of its own Investors or of the Investors of any other Contracting Party or any third state and their related activities including management, maintenance, use, enjoyment or disposal, whichever is the most favourable.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.8 8) The modalities of application of paragraph 7) in relation to programmes under which a Contracting Party provides grants or other financial assistance, or enters into contracts, for energy technology research and development, shall be reserved for the supplementary treaty described in paragraph 4). Each Contracting Party shall through the Secretariat keep the Charter Conference informed of the modalities it applies to the programmes described in this paragraph.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.9 9) Each state or Regional Economic Integration Organization which signs or accedes to this Treaty shall, on the date it signs the Treaty or deposits its instrument of accession, submit to the Secretariat a report summarizing all laws, regulations or other measures relevant to:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.9.a a) exceptions to paragraph 2); or
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.9.b b) the programmes referred to in paragraph 8).
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.9.cx A Contracting Party shall keep its report up to date by promptly submitting amendments to the Secretariat. The Charter Conference shall review these reports periodically.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.9.dx In respect of subparagraph a) the report may designate parts of the energy sector in which a Contracting Party accords to Investors of other Contracting Parties the Treatment described in paragraph 3).
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.9.ex In respect of subparagraph b) the review by the Charter Conference may consider the effects of such programmes on competition and Investments.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.10 10) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Article, the treatment described in paragraphs 3) and 7) shall not apply to the protection of Intellectual Property; instead, the treatment shall be as specified in the corresponding provisions of the applicable international agreements for the protection of Intellectual Property rights to which the respective Contracting Parties are parties.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.11 11) For the purposes of Article 26, the application by a Contracting Party of a trade-related investment measure as described in Article 51) and 2) to an Investment of an Investor of another Contracting Party existing at the time of such application shall, subject to Article 53) and 4), be considered a breach of an obligation of the former Contracting Party under this Part.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.10.12 12) Each Contracting Party shall ensure that its domestic law provides effective means for the assertion of claims and the enforcement of rights with respect to Investments, investment agreements, and investment authorizations.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19 Article 19
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1 1) In pursuit of sustainable development and taking into account its obligations under those international agreements concerning the environment to which it is party, each Contracting Party shall strive to minimize in an economically efficient manner harmful Environmental Impacts occurring either within or outside its Area from all operations within the Energy Cycle in its Area, taking proper account of safety. In doing so each Contracting Party shall act in a Cost-Effective manner. In its policies and actions each Contracting Party shall strive to take precautionary measures to prevent or minimize environmental degradation. The Contracting Parties agree that the polluter in the Areas of Contracting Parties, should, in principle, bear the cost of pollution, including transboundary pollution, with due regard to the public interest and without distorting Investment in the Energy Cycle or international trade. Contracting Parties shall accordingly:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.a a) take account of environmental considerations throughout the formulation and implementation of their energy policies;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.b b) promote market-oriented price formation and a fuller reflection of environmental costs and benefits throughout the Energy Cycle;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.c c) having regard to Article 344), encourage cooperation in the attainment of the environmental objectives of the Charter and cooperation in the field of international environmental standards for the Energy Cycle, taking into account differences in adverse effects and abatement costs between Contracting Parties;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.d d) have particular regard to Improving Energy Efficiency, to developing and using renewable energy sources, to promoting the use of cleaner fuels and to employing technologies and technological means that reduce pollution;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.e e) promote the collection and sharing among Contracting Parties of information on environmentally sound and economically efficient energy policies and Cost-Effective practices and technologies;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.f f) promote public awareness of the Environmental Impacts of energy systems, of the scope for the prevention or abatement of their adverse Environmental Impacts, and of the costs associated with various prevention or abatement measures;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.g g) promote and cooperate in the research, development and application of energy efficient and environmentally sound technologies, practices and processes which will minimize harmful Environmental Impacts of all aspects of the Energy Cycle in an economically efficient manner.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.h h) encourage favourable conditions for the transfer and dissemination of such technologies consistent with the adequate and effective protection of Intellectual Property rights;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.i i) promote the transparent assessment at an early stage and prior to decision, and subsequent monitoring, of Environmental Impacts of environmentally significant energy investment projects;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.j j) promote international awareness and information exchange on Contracting Parties' relevant environmental programmes and standards and on the implementation of those programmes and standards;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.1.k k) participate, upon request, and within their available resources, in the development and implementation of appropriate environmental programmes in the Contracting Parties.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.2 2) At the request of one or more Contracting Parties, disputes concerning the application or interpretation of provisions of this Article shall, to the extent that arrangements for the consideration of such disputes do not exist in other appropriate international fora, be reviewed by the Charter Conference aiming at a solution.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.3 3) For the purposes of this Article:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.3.a a) "Energy Cycle" means the entire energy chain including activities related to prospecting for, exploration, production, conversion, storage, transport, distribution and consumption of the various forms of energy, and the treatment and disposal of wastes, as well as the decommissioning, cessation or closure of these activities, minimizing harmful Environmental Impacts;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.3.b b) "Environmental Impact" means any effect caused by a given activity on the environment, including human health and safety, flora, fauna, soil, air, water, climate, landscape and historical monuments or other physical structures or the interactions among these factors; it also includes effects on cultural heritage or socio-ecomomic conditions resulting from alterations to those factors;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.3.c c) "Improving Energy Efficiency" means acting to maintain the same unit of output of a good or service) without reducing the quality or performance of the output, while reducing the amount of energy required to produce that output;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.19.3.d d) "Cost-Effective" means to achieve a defined objective at the lowest cost or to achieve the greatest benefit at a given cost.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21 Article 21
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.1 1) Except as otherwise provided in this Article, nothing in this Treaty shall create rights or impose obligations with respect to Taxation Measures of the Contracting Parties. In the event of any inconsistency between this Article and any other provision of the Treaty, this Article shall prevail to the extent of the inconsistency.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.2 2) Article 73) shall apply to Taxation Measures other than those on income or on capital, except that such provision shall not apply to:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.2.a a) an advantage accorded by a Contracting Party pursuant to the tax provisions of any convention, agreement or arrangement described in subparagraph 7)a)ii); or
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.2.b b) any Taxation Measure aimed at ensuring the effective collection of taxes, except where the measure of a Contracting Party arbitrarily discriminates against Energy Materials and Products originating in, or destined for the Area of another Contracting Party or arbitrarily restricts benefits accorded under Article 73).
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.3 3) Article 102) and 7) shall apply to Taxation Measures of the Contracting Parties other than those on income or on capital, except that such provisions shall not apply to:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.3.a a) impose most favoured nation obligations with respect to advantages accorded by a Contracting Party pursuant to the tax provisions of any convention, agreement or arrangement described in subparagraph 7)a)ii) or resulting from membership of any Regional Economic Integration Organization; or
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.3.b b) any Taxation Measure aimed at ensuring the effective collection of taxes, except where the measure arbitrarily discriminates against an Investor of another Contracting Party or arbitrarily restricts benefits accorded under the Investment provisions of this Treaty.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.4 4) Article 292) to 6) shall apply to Taxation Measures other than those on income or on capital.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.5.a 5) a) Article 13 shall apply to taxes.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.5.b b) Whenever an issue arises under Article 13, to the extent it pertains to whether a tax constitutes an expropriation or whether a tax alleged to constitute an expropriation is discriminatory, the following provisions shall apply:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.5.b.i i) The Investor of the Contracting Party alleging expropriation shall refer the issue of whether the tax is an expropriation or whether the tax is discriminatory to the relevant Competent Tax Authority. Failing such referral by the Investor or the Contracting Party, bodies called upon to settle disputes pursuant to Article 262)c) or 272) shall make a referral to the relevant Competent Tax Authorities;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.5.b.ii ii) The Competent Tax Authorities shall, within a period of six months of such referral, strive to resolve the issues so referred. Where non-discrimination issues are concerned, the Competent Tax Authorities shall apply the non-discrimination provisions of the relevant tax convention or, if there is no non-discrimination provision in the relevant tax convention applicable to the tax or no such tax convention is in force between the Contracting Parties concerned, they shall apply the non-discrimination principles under the Model Tax Convention on Income and Capital of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.5.b.iii iii) Bodies called upon to settle disputes pursuant to Article 262)c) or 272) may take into account any conclusions arrived at by the Competent Tax Authorities regarding whether the tax is an expropriation. Such bodies shall take into account any conclusions arrived at within the six-month period prescribed in subparagraph b)ii) by the Competent Tax Authorities regarding whether the tax is discriminatory. Such bodies may also take into account any conclusions arrived at by the Competent Tax Authorities after the expiry of the six-month period;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.5.b.iv iv) Under no circumstances shall involvement of the Competent Tax Authorities, beyond the end of the six-month period referred to in subparagraph b)ii), lead to a delay of proceedings under Articles 26 and 27.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.6 6) For the avoidance of doubt, Article 14 shall not limit the right of a Contracting Party to impose or collect a tax by withholding or other means.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.7 7) For the purposes of this Article:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.7.a a) The term "Taxation Measure" includes:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.7.a.i i) any provision relating to taxes of the domestic law of the Contracting Party or of a political subdivision thereof or a local authority therein; and
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.7.a.ii ii) any provision relating to taxes of any convention for the avoidance of double taxation or of any other international agreement or arrangement by which the Contracting Party is bound.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.7.b b) There shall be regarded as taxes on income or on capital all taxes imposed on total income, on total capital or on elements of income or of capital, including taxes on gains from the alienation of property, taxes on estates, inheritances and gifts, or substantially similar taxes, taxes on the total amounts of wages or salaries paid by enterprises, as well as taxes on capital appreciation.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.7.c c) A "Competent Tax Authority " means the competent authority pursuant to a double taxation agreement in force between the Contracting Parties or, when no such agreement is in force, the minister or ministry responsible for taxes or their authorized representatives.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.21.7.d d) For the avoidance of doubt, the terms "tax provisions" and "taxes" do not include customs duties.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.22 Article 22
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.22.1 1) Each Contracting Party shall ensure that any state enterprise which it maintains or establishes shall conduct its activities in relation to the sale or provision of goods and services in its Area in a manner consistent with the Contracting Party's obligations under Part III of this Treaty.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.22.2 2) No Contracting Party shall encourage or require such a state enterprise to conduct its activities in its Area in a manner inconsistent with the Contracting Party's obligations under other provisions of this Treaty.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.22.3 3) Each Contracting Party shall ensure that if it establishes or maintains an entity and entrusts the entity with regulatory, administrative or other governmental authority, such entity shall exercise that authority in a manner consistent with the Contracting Party's obligations under this Treaty.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.22.4 4) No Contracting Party shall encourage or require any entity to which it grants exclusive or special privileges to conduct its activities in its Area in manner inconsistent with the Contracting Party's obligations under this Treaty.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.22.5 5) For the purposes of this Article, "entity" includes any enterprise, agency or other organization or individual.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.25 Article 25
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.25.1 1) The provisions of this Treaty shall not be so construed as to oblige a Contracting Party which is party to an Economic Integration Agreement hereinafter referred to as "EIA") to extend, by means of most favoured nation treatment, to another Contracting Party which is not a party to that EIA, any preferential treatment applicable between the parties to that EIA as a result of their being parties thereto.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.25.2 2) For the purposes of paragraph 1), "EIA" means an agreement substantially liberalizing, inter alia, trade and investment, by providing for the absence or elimination of substantially all discrimination between or among parties thereto through the elimination of existing discriminatory measures and/or the prohibition of new or more discriminatory measures, either at the entry into force of that agreement or on the basis of a reasonable time frame.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.25.3 3) This Article shall not affect the application of the GATT and Related Instruments according to Article 29.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Sect.5 PART V
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36 Article 36
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.1 1) Unanimity of the Contracting Parties Present and Voting at the meeting of the Charter Conference where such matters fall to be decided shall be required for decisions by the Charter Conference to:
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.1.a a) adopt amendments to this Treaty other than amendments to Articles 34 and 35 and Annex T;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.1.b b) approve accessions to this Treaty under Article 41 by states or Regional Economic Integration Organizations which were not signatories to the Charter as of 16 June 1995;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.1.c c) authorize the negotiation of and approve or adopt the text of association agreements;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.1.d d) approve modifications to Annexes EM, NI, G and B;
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.1.e e) approve technical changes to the Annexes to this Treaty; and
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.1.f f) approve the Secretary-General's nominations of panelists under Annex D, paragraph 7).
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.1.gx The Contracting Parties shall make every effort to reach agreement by consensus on any other matter requiring their decision under this Treaty. If agreement cannot be reached by consensus, paragraphs 2) to 5) shall apply.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.2 2) Decisions on budgetary matters referred to in Article 343)e) shall be taken by a qualified majority of Contracting Parties whose assessed contributions as specified in Annex B represent, in combination, at least three-fourths of the total assessed contributions specified therein.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.3 3) Decisions on matters referred to in Article 347) shall be taken by a three-fourths majority of the Contracting Parties.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.4 4) Except in cases specified in subparagraphs 1)a) to f), paragraphs 2) and 3), and subject to paragraph 6), decisions provided for in this Treaty shall be taken by a three-fourth majority of the Contracting Parties Present and Voting at the meeting of the Charter Conference at which such matters fall to be decided.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.5 5) For purposes of this Article, "Contracting Parties Present and Voting" means Contracting Parties present and casting affirmative or negative votes, provided that the Charter Conference may decide upon rules of procedure to enable such decisions to be taken by Contracting Parties by correspondence.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.6 6) Except as provided in paragraph 2), no decision referred to in this Article shall be valid unless it has the support of a simple majority of the Contracting Parties.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.7 7) A Regional Economic Integration Organization shall, when voting, have a number of votes equal to the number of its member states which are Contracting Parties to this Treaty; provided that such an Organization shall not exercise its right to vote if its member states exercise theirs, and vice versa.
3202 Energy Charter Treaty Art.36.8 8) In the event of persistent arrears in a Contracting Party's discharge of financial obligations under this Treaty, the Charter Conference may suspend that Contracting Party's voting rights in whole or in part.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1 Article 1
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x For the purposes of this Agreement:
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.a Agreement area means the area comprised of the land, marine and coastal areas within the limits of national jurisdiction of the Parties to this Agreement and shall include their air space and internal waters.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.b Biological diversity means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems, and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.c Conservation means the management of human use of organisms or ecosystems to ensure such use is sustainable; it also includes protection, maintenance, rehabilitation, restoration and enhancement.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.d Country of original export means the country where the specimens originated and from whose territory they depart or have departed.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.e Country of re-export means the country from whose territory specimens depart or have departed and that is not the country of origin of the specimens.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.f Field Officer means a member of a Government organisation, department or institution who is employed as a law enforcement officer with national law enforcement jurisdiction, and who is seconded to the Task Force.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.g Governing Council means the Governing Council established under Article 7 of this Agreement.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.h Illegal trade means any cross-border transaction, or any action in furtherance thereof, in violation of national laws of a Party to this Agreement for the protection of wild fauna and flora.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.i National Bureau means a governmental entity with the competence encompassing law enforcement, designated or established by a Party to this Agreement under Article 6.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.j Party means a State for which this Agreement has entered into force.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.k Specimen means any animal or plant, alive or dead, as well as any derivative thereof, of any species of wild fauna and flora.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.l Task Force means the Task Force established under Article 5 of this Agreement.
3195 Agreement On Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed At Illegal Trade In Wild Fauna And Flora Art.1.1x.m Wild fauna and flora means wild species of animals and plants subject to the respective national laws of the Parties governing conservation, protection and trade.
3197 Convention On Nuclear Safety Art.2 ARTICLE 2. DEFINITIONS
3197 Convention On Nuclear Safety Art.2.1x For the purpose of this Convention:
3197 Convention On Nuclear Safety Art.2.1x.i i. "nuclear installation" means for each Contracting Party any land-based civil nuclear power plant under its jurisdiction including such storage, handling and treatment facilities for radioactive materials as are on the same site and are directly related to the operation of the nuclear power plant. Such a plant ceases to be a nuclear installation when all nuclear fuel elements have been removed permanently from the reactor core and have been stored safely in accordance with approved procedures, and a decommissioning programme has been agreed to by the regulatory body.
3197 Convention On Nuclear Safety Art.2.1x.ii ii. "regulatory body" means for each Contracting Party any body or bodies given the legal authority by that Contracting Party to grant licences and to regulate the siting, design, construction, commissioning, operation or decommissioning of nuclear installations.
3197 Convention On Nuclear Safety Art.2.1x.iii iii. "licence" means any authorization granted by the regulatory body to the applicant to have the responsibility for the siting, design, construction, commissioning, operation or decommissioning of a nuclear installation.
3197 Convention On Nuclear Safety Art.27 ARTICLE 27. CONFIDENTIALITY
3197 Convention On Nuclear Safety Art.27.1 1. The provisions of this Convention shall not affect the rights and obligations of the Contracting Parties under their law to protect information from disclosure. For the purposes of this Article, "information" includes, inter alia, (i) personal data; (ii) information protected by intellectual property rights or by industrial or commercial confidentiality; and (iii) information relating to national security or to the physical protection of nuclear materials or nuclear installations.
3197 Convention On Nuclear Safety Art.27.2 2. When, in the context of this Convention, a Contracting Party provides information identified by it as protected as described in paragraph 1, such information shall be used only for the purposes for which it has been provided and its confidentiality shall be respected.
3197 Convention On Nuclear Safety Art.27.3 3. The content of the debates during the reviewing of the reports by the Contracting Parties at each meeting shall be confidential.
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1 Article 1 Definitions
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x In this Arrangement:
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.a "Administrator" means the Administrator prescribed under Article 7;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.b "applicable national law" means any provision of a law, however described, of a Party which governs the fishing activities of fishing vessels, being a law identified in Schedule 1 of Annex V;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.c "Arrangement Area" means the exclusive economic or fisheries zones of the Parties to this Arrangement except for waters closed to fishing in accordance with Schedule 2 of Annex V;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.d "eligibility criteria" means the criteria set out in Annex III;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.e "eligible fishing vessel" means a fishing, vessel of the Parties which has been duly entered on the Register of Eligible Fishing Vessels maintained by the Administrator pursuant to Article 3 of this Arrangement;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.f "fishing" means:
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.f.i searching for, catching, taking or harvesting fish;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.f.ii attempting to search for, catch, take or harvest fish;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.f.iii engaging in any other activity which can reasonably be expected to result in the locating, catching, taking or harvesting of fish;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.f.iv placing, searching for or recovering fish devices or associated electronic equipment such as radio beacons;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.f.v any operations at sea directly in support of, or in preparation for, any activity described in this paragraph;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.f.vi use of any other vehicle, air or sea-borne, for any of the activities described in this paragraph except for emergencies involving the health and safety of any person or, board a vessel or the safety of a vessel; or
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.f.vii any related activity;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.g "fishing vessel of the Parties" means any purse seine fishing vessel flying the flag of or based in a Party to this Arrangement;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.h "home Party" in respect of a fishing vessel means the Party which has issued a licence, permit or authorization to the vessel authorizing the vessel to fish in the exclusive economic or fisheries zone of that Party and through which the application for entry on the Register of Eligible Fishing Vessels pursuant to Article 3 is made, and the phrase "home Party of a vessel" shall be construed accordingly;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.i "operator" means any person who is in charge of, directs or controls a vessel, including the owner, charterer or master: means a State Party to this Arrangement and Parties means all such States from time to time;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.j "regional access licence" means a regional access licence issued to fishing vessels of the Parties pursuant to this Arrangement;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.k "related activities" in relation to fishing, means:
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.k.i refuelling or supplying fishing boats, selling or supplying fishing equipment or other activities in support of fishing;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.k.ii on-shore storing buying or processing of fish or fish products from the time they are first landed; or
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.k.iii storing, buying, transhipping, processing or transporting fish or fish products taken from the Arrangement Area up to the time such fish or fish products are first landed;
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.1.1x.l "transhipment" means the transfer of any or all of the fish on board a vessel onto another vessel, either directly or by off-loading the fish from the vessel onto the shore and thence immediately onto another vessel for the purposes of transportating that fish elsewhere.
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.6 Article 6 Access to the Arrangement Area
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.6.1 1. Before a fishing vessel of the Parties may be issued with a regional access licence pursuant to this Arrangement, the vessel must first be duly registered on the Register of Eligible Fishing Vessels.
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.6.2 2. Where a fishing vessel of the Parties is duly registered in accordance with the provisions of Article 3, the operator may apply, through the home Party of the vessel, to the Administrator, in accordance with the procedures set out in Annex IV, for a regional access licence authorizing the vessel to fish in the Arrangement Area.
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.6.3x It shall be a condition of any regional access licence issued pursuant to this Arrangement that the vessel in respect of which the regional access licence is issued is operated in accordance with the requirements of Annex V.
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.6.4 4. A regional access licence may be denied by the Administrator on the grounds set out in Annex IV.
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.6.5 5. Where a fishing vessel of the Parties is deleted from the Register of Eligible Fishing Vessels in accordance with the provisions of this Arrangement, any regional access licence issued in respect of that vessel shall, in the case of voluntary deletion from the register or non-renewal of registration, be cancelled thirty days following the deletion of the vessel from the Register of Eligible Fishing Vessels or upon the date of expiry of the licence, whichever is the sooner. In the case of deletion from the Register of Eligible Fishing Vessels for any other reason the regional access licence shall be cancelled immediately upon the deletion from the register.
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.6.6 6. If full payment of any amount due as a result of a final judgment or other final determination deriving from an occurrence relating to this Arrangement in waters within the jurisdiction of a Party, is not made to that Party within sixty days, the regional recess licence for the vessel involved shall be suspended at the request of that Party and that vessel shall not be authorized to fish in the Arrangement Area until that amount is paid to that Party. For the purposes of this Article "final judgment" means a judgment to a court of a Party from which no appeal proceedings have been initiated within sixty days.
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.6.7x The Administrator shall maintain a record of all regional access licences issued pursuant to this Arrangement, including the date of issue and expiry of such licences.
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Art.6.8 8. The Administrator shall notify the Parties each month of the name, call sign, registration number, regional access licence number and expiry date of such licence of all purse seine vessels licensed to fish in the Arrangement Area under this Arrangement.
3201 Federated States Of Micronesia Arrangement For Regional Fisheries Access Part.3 PART III ADMINISTRATION
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2 Article 2
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.0x For the purposes of this Agreement:
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.1 1. "Tropical timber" means non-coniferous tropical wood for industrial uses, which grows or is produced in the countries situated between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The term covers logs, sawnwood, veneer sheets and plywood. Plywood which includes in some measure conifers of tropical origin shall also be covered by this definition;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.2 2. "Further processing" means the transformation of logs into primary wood products, semi-finished and finished products made wholly or almost wholly of tropical timber;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.3 3. "Member" means a Government or an intergovernmental organization referred to in article 5 which has consented to be bound by this Agreement whether it is in force provisionally or definitively;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.4 4. "Producing member" means any country with tropical forest resources and/or a net exporter of tropical timber in volume terms which is listed in annex A and which becomes a party to this Agreement, or any country with tropical forest resources and/or a net exporter of tropical timber in volume terms which is not so listed and which becomes a party to this Agreement and which the Council, with the consent of that country, declares to be a producing member;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.5 5. "Consuming member" means any country listed in annex B which becomes a party to this Agreement, or any country not so listed which becomes a party to this Agreement and which the Council, with the consent of that country, declares to be a consuming member;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.6 6. "Organization" means the International Tropical Timber Organization established in accordance with article 3;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.7 7. "Council" means the International Tropical Timber Council established in accordance with article 6;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.8 8. "Special vote" means a vote requiring at least two thirds of the votes cast by producing members present and voting and at least 60 per cent of the votes cast by consuming members present and voting, counted separately, on condition that these votes are cast by at least half of the producing members present and voting and at least half of the consuming members present and voting;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.9 9. "Simple distributed majority vote" means a vote requiring more than half of the votes cast by producing members present and voting and more than half of the votes cast by consuming members present and voting, counted separately;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.10 10. "Financial year" means the period from 1 January to 31 December inclusive;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.2.11 11. "Freely usable currencies" means the deutsche mark, the French franc, the Japanese yen, the pound sterling, the United States dollar and any other currency which has been designated from time to time by a competent international monetary organization as being in fact widely used to make payments for international transactions and widely traded in the principal exchange markets.
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Sect.3 CHAPTER III. ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.5 Article 5
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.5.1 1. Any reference in this Agreement to "Governments" shall be construed as including the European Community and any other intergovernmental organization having responsibilities in respect of the negotiation, conclusion and application of international agreements, in particular commodity agreements. Accordingly, any reference in this Agreement to signature, ratification, acceptance or approval, or to notification of provisional application, or to accession shall, in the case of such intergovernmental organizations, be construed as including a reference to signature, ratification, acceptance or approval, or to notification of provisional application, or to accession, by such intergovernmental organizations.
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.5.2 2. In the case of voting on matters within their competence, such intergovernmental organizations shall vote with a number of votes equal to the total number of votes attributable to their member States in accordance with article 10. In such cases, the member States of such intergovernmental organizations shall not be entitled to exercise their individual voting rights.
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Sect.4 CHAPTER IV. INTERNATIONAL TROPICAL TIMBER COUNCIL
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10 Article 10
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.1 1. The producing members shall together hold 1,000 votes and the consuming members shall together hold 1,000 votes.
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.2 2. The votes of the producing members shall be distributed as follows:
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.2.a (a) Four hundred votes shall be distributed equally among the three producing regions of Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America. The votes thus allocated to each of these regions shall then be distributed equally among the producing members of that region;
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.2.b (b) Three hundred votes shall be distributed among the producing members in accordance with their respective shares of the total tropical forest resources of all producing members; and
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.2.c (c) Three hundred votes shall be distributed among the producing members in proportion to the average of the values of their respective net exports of tropical timber during the most recent three-year period for which definitive figures are available.
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.3 3. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2 of this article, the total votes allocated to the producing members from the African region, calculated in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, shall be distributed equally among all producing members from the African region. If there are any remaining votes, each of these votes shall be allocated to a producing member from the African region: the first to the producing member which is allocated the highest number of votes calculated in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, the second to the producing member which is allocated the second highest number of votes, and so on until all the remaining votes have been distributed.
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.4 4. For purposes of the calculation of the distribution of votes under paragraph 2 (b) of this article, "tropical forest resources" means productive closed broadleaved forests as defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.5 5. The votes of the consuming members shall be distributed as follows: each consuming member shall have 10 initial votes: the remaining votes shall be distributed among the consuming members in proportion to the average volume of their respective net imports of tropical timber during the three-year period commencing four calendar years prior to the distribution of votes.
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.6 6. The Council shall distribute the votes for each financial year at the beginning of its first session of that year in accordance with the provisions of this article. Such distribution shall remain in effect for the rest of that year, except as provided for in paragraph 7 of this article.
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.7 7. Whenever the membership of the Organization changes or when any member has its voting rights suspended or restored under any provision of this Agreement, the Council shall redistribute the votes within the affected category or categories of members in accordance with the provisions of this article. The Council shall, in that event, decide when such redistribution shall become effective.
3176 International Tropical Timber Agreement Art.10.8 8. There shall be no fractional votes.
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1 ARTICLE I
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.1 1. The geographic scope of this Agreement is the area of the migration systems of African-Eurasian waterbirds, as defined in Annex 1 to this Agreement, hereafter referred to as the "Agreement Area".
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.2 2. For the purpose of this Agreement:
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.2.a (a) "Convention" means the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, 1979;
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.2.b (b) "Convention Secretariat" means the body established under Article IX of the Convention;
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.2.c (c) "Waterbirds" means those species of birds that are ecologically dependent on wetlands for at least part of their annual cycle, have a range which lies entirely or partly within the Agreement Area and are listed in Annex 2 to this Agreement;
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.2.d (d) "Agreement secretariat" means the body established under Article VI, paragraph 7, subparagraph (b), of this Agreement;
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.2.e (e) "Parties" means, unless the context otherwise indicates, Parties to this Agreement; and
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.2.f (f) "Parties present and voting" means the Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote; those abstaining from voting shall not be counted amongst the Parties present and voting.
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.2.gx In addition, the terms defined in Article I, subparagraphs 1(a) to (k), of the Convention shall have the same meaning, mutatis mutandis, in this Agreement.
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.3 3. This Agreement is an AGREEMENT within the meaning of Article IV, paragraph 3, of the Convention.
3216 Agreement On The Conservation Of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds Art.1.4 4. The annexes to this Agreement form an integral part thereof. Any reference to the Agreement includes a reference to its annexes.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1 Article 1
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x For the purposes of this Convention:
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ax "Approved site or facility" means a site or facility for the disposal of hazardous wastes which is authorised or permitted to operate for this purpose by a relevant authority of the Party where the site or facility is located;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.bx "Area under the jurisdiction of a Party" means any land, marine area or airspace within which a Party exercises administrative and regulatory responsibility in accordance with international law in regard to the protection of human health or the environment;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.cx "Authorised transboundary movement" means a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes to which the consent of the Parties concerned has been given in accordance with the provisions of this Convention;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.dx "Basel Convention" means the Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, 1989;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ex "Carrier" means any person who carries out the transport of hazardous wastes;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.fx "Cleaner production" means the conceptual and procedural approach to production that demands that all phases of the life-cycle of a product or process should be addressed, with the objective of prevention or minimisation of short and long-term risks to humans and to the environment;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.gx "Competent authority" means any one governmental authority designated by a Party to be responsible within such geographical areas as the Party may think fit for receiving the notification of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and any information related to it, and for responding to such a notification, as provided in Article 6 of this Convention;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx "Convention Area" shall comprise:
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.ix (i) the land territory, internal waters, territorial sea, continental shelf, archipelagic waters and exclusive economic zones established in accordance with international law of:
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.1x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.2x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.3x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.4x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.5x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.6x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.7x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.8x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.9x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.10x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.11x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.12x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.13x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.14x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.15x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.16x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.17x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.18x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.19x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.20x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.21x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.22x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.23x - Western Samoa;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.i.24x #NAME?
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.ii (ii) those areas of high seas which are enclosed from all sides by the exclusive economic zones referred to in sub-paragraph (i);
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.hx.iii (iii) areas of the Pacific Ocean which have been included in the Convention Area pursuant to Article 2.6;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ix "Countries concerned" means countries of export, import or transit whether or not Parties to this Convention;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.jx "Days" means calendar days unless otherwise specified;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.kx "Disposal" means any operation specified in Annex V to this Convention;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.l "Disposer" means any person for whom hazardous wastes are destined and who carries out the actual disposal of such wastes;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.m "Domestically prohibited goods" means substances or products which have been banned, cancelled or refused registration by government regulatory action, or voluntarily withdrawn from registration in the country of manufacture, for human health or environmental reasons;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.n "Environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes" means taking all practicable steps to ensure that hazardous wastes are managed in a manner which will protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects which may result from such wastes;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.o "Exporter" means any person under the jurisdiction of the exporting Party who arranges for hazardous wastes to be exported;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.p "Exporting Party" means a Party from which a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes is planned to be initiated or is initiated;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.q "Focal point" means the entity of a Party referred to in Article 5 of this Convention responsible for receiving and submitting information as provided for in Articles 7 and 14;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.r "Forum Island Countries" means all Members of the South Pacific Forum with the exception of Australia and New Zealand;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.s "Generator" means any person whose activity produces hazardous wastes or, if that person is not known, the person who is in possession and/or control of those wastes;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.t "Hazardous wastes" means wastes as specified in Article 2 of this Convention;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.u "IAEA" means the International Atomic Energy Agency;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.v "Illegal traffic" means any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes as specified in Article 9 of this Convention;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.w "Importer" means any person under the jurisdiction of the importing Party who arranges for hazardous wastes to be imported;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.x "Importing Party" means a Party to which transboundary movement of hazardous wastes is planned or takes place for the purpose of disposal therein or for the purpose of loading prior to disposal in an area not under the national jurisdiction of any State;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.y "London Convention" means the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.z "Management" means the prevention and reduction of hazardous wastes and the collection, transport, storage, and treatment or disposal, of hazardous wastes including after-care of disposal sites;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.aa "Other Party" means a Party listed in Annex IV or any Party which is accepted by the Conference of the Parties to be an Other Party in accordance with the procedures established pursuant to Article 13.4(g);
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ab "Pacific Island Developing Party" means a Party listed in Annex III or any Party which is accepted by the Conference of the Parties to be a Pacific Island Developing Party in accordance with the procedures established pursuant to Article 13.4(g);
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ac "Party" means a Party to this Convention;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ad "Person" means any natural or legal person;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ae "Precautionary principle" means the principle that in order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by Parties according to their capabilities. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.af "Radioactive wastes" means wastes which, as a result of being radioactive, are subject to other international control systems, including international instruments, applying specifically to radioactive materials;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ag "Secretariat" means the Secretariat established pursuant to Article 14 of this Convention;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ah "SPREP" means the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ai "Transboundary movement" means any movement of hazardous wastes from an area under the jurisdiction of any Party, to or through an area under the jurisdiction of another Party, or to or through an area not under the jurisdiction of another Party, provided at least two Parties are involved in the movement;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.aj "Transit Party" means any Party, other than the exporting Party or importing Party, through which a movement of hazardous wastes is planned or takes place;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.ak "Vessels" and "Aircraft" mean waterborne or airborne craft of any type whatsoever. This expression includes air cushioned craft and floating craft, whether self-propelled or not;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.1.1x.al "Wastes" means substances or materials which are disposed of, or are intended to be disposed of, or are required to be disposed of, by provisions of national legislation.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2 Article 2
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2.0x Scope of the Convention
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2.1 1. The following substances shall be "hazardous wastes" for the purposes of this Convention:
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2.1.a (a) wastes that belong to any category contained in Annex I of this Convention, unless they do not possess any of the characteristics contained in Annex II of this Convention; and
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2.1.b (b) wastes that are not covered under sub-paragraph (a) above, but which are defined as, or are considered to be, hazardous wastes by the national legislation of the exporting, importing or transit Party to, from or through which such wastes are to be sent.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2.2 2. Radioactive wastes are excluded from the scope of this Convention except as specifically provided for in Articles 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, and 4.5 of this Convention.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2.3 3. Wastes which derive from the normal operations of a vessel, the discharge of which is covered by another international instrument, shall not fall within the scope of this Convention.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2.4 4. Nothing in this Convention shall affect in any way the sovereignty of States over their territorial sea, the sovereign rights and jurisdiction that States have in their exclusive economic zones and continental shelves, and the exercise by vessels and aircraft of all States of navigational rights and freedoms, as provided for in international law and as reflected in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and other relevant international instruments.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2.5 5. Nothing in this Convention shall affect in any way the rights and obligations of any Party under international law including under other international agreements in force. Such agreements include the London Convention as amended; the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, including in particular Articles 31, 210 and 236 thereof; the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty, 1985, including in particular Article 7 thereof; and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2.5x Area of coverage
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.2.6 6. A Party may add areas under its jurisdiction within the Pacific Ocean between the Tropic of Cancer and 60 degrees South latitude and between 130 degrees East longitude and 120 degrees West longitude to the Convention Area. Such addition shall be notified to the Depositary who shall promptly notify the other Parties and the Secretariat. Such areas shall be incorporated within the Convention Area ninety days after notification to the Parties by the Depositary, provided there has been no objection to the proposal to add new areas by any Party. If there is any such objection the Parties concerned will consult with a view to resolving the matter.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9 Article 9
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.1 1. For the purpose of this Convention, any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes shall be deemed to be illegal traffic if:
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.1.a (a) carried out without notification, pursuant to the provisions of this Convention, to all countries concerned;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.1.b (b) carried out without the consent, pursuant to the provisions of this Convention, of a country concerned;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.1.c (c) consent is obtained from countries concerned through falsification, misrepresentation or fraud;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.1.d (d) the contents do not conform in a material way with the supporting documentation;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.1.e (e) it results in deliberate disposal of hazardous wastes in contravention of this Convention, other relevant international instruments and of general principles of international law; or
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.1.f (f) it is in contravention of the import or export bans established by Article 4.1.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.2 2. Each Party shall introduce or adopt appropriate national legislation to prevent and punish illegal traffic. The Parties shall cooperate with a view to achieving the objects of this Article.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.3.a 3. (a) In the case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes deemed to be illegal traffic as the result of conduct on the part of the exporter or generator, the exporting Party shall ensure that, within thirty days from the time the exporting Party has been informed about the illegal traffic or such other period of time the countries concerned may agree, the wastes in question are either:
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.3.a.i (i) taken back by the exporter or generator or if necessary by itself into the exporting Party; or, if impracticable,
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.3.a.ii (ii) otherwise disposed of in accordance with the provisions of this Convention;
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.3.b (b) in the case of paragraph 3(a)(i) of this Article, the Parties concerned shall not oppose, hinder or prevent the return of those wastes to the exporting Party.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.4 4. In the case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes deemed to be illegal traffic as a result of conduct on the part of the importer or disposer, the importing Party shall ensure that the wastes in question are disposed of in an environmentally sound manner by the importer or disposer or, if necessary, by itself within thirty days from the time the illegal traffic has come to the attention of the importing Party or such time as the countries concerned may agree. To this end, the importing Party and the exporting Party shall cooperate, as necessary, in the disposal of the wastes in an environmentally sound manner.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.5 5. In cases where the responsibility for the illegal traffic cannot be assigned either to the exporter or generator or to the importer or disposer, the Parties concerned or any other Parties, as appropriate, shall ensure through cooperation that the wastes in question are disposed of as soon as possible in an environmentally sound manner either in the exporting Party or the importing Party or elsewhere as appropriate.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.6 6. The Secretariat shall undertake the necessary coordination with the Secretariat of the Basel Convention in relation to the effective prevention and monitoring of illegal traffic in hazardous wastes. Such coordination shall include:
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.6.a (a) exchanging information on incidents or alleged incidents of illegal traffic in the Convention Area and on the appropriate steps to remedy such incidents; and
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.9.6.b (b) providing assistance in the field of capacity building including development of national legislation and of appropriate infrastructure in the Pacific Island Developing Parties with a view to the prevention and penalization of illegal traffic of hazardous wastes.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.16 Article 16
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.16.1 1. Any Party may propose amendments to this Convention.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.16.2 2. Amendments to this Convention may be adopted only at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties at which at least two-thirds of the Parties are represented. The text of any proposed amendment to this Convention shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat at least six months before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption. The Secretariat shall also communicate proposed amendments to the Signatories to this Convention and to the Depositary for their information.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.16.3 3. The Parties shall make every effort to reach agreement on any proposed amendment to this Convention by consensus. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted, and no agreement reached, the amendment shall, as a last resort, be adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of Parties present and voting, each Party having one vote, and shall be submitted by the Depositary to all Parties for ratification, approval or acceptance.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.16.4 4. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval of amendments shall be deposited with the Depositary. Amendments shall enter into force between Parties having accepted such amendments on the ninetieth day following the date of receipt by the Depositary of the instruments of at least three-fourths of the Parties to this Convention. Thereafter the amendments shall enter into force for any other Party on the ninetieth day after the date on which that Party deposits its instrument.
3224 Convention To Ban The Importation Into The Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region Art.16.5 5. For the purpose of this Article, "Parties present and voting" means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1 Article 1
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1.1x For the purposes of this Agreement:
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1.1x.a (a) "Convention" means the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982;
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1.1x.b (b) "conservation and management measures" means measures to conserve or manage one or more species of living marine resources that are adopted and applied consistent with the relevant rules of international law as reflected in the Convention and this Agreement;
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1.1x.c (c) "fish" includes molluscs and crustaceans except those belonging to sedentary species as defined in article 77 of the Convention; and
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1.1x.d (d) "arrangement" means a cooperative mechanism established in accordance with the Convention and this Agreement by two or more States for the purpose, inter alia, of establishing conservation and management measures in a subregion or region for one or more straddling fish stocks or highly migratory fish stocks.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1.2.a 2. (a) "States Parties" means States which have consented to be bound by this Agreement and for which the Agreement is in force.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1.2.b (b) This Agreement applies mutatis mutandis:
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1.2.b.i (i) to any entity referred to in article 305, paragraph 1 (c), (d) and (e), of the Convention and
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1.2.b.ii (ii) subject to article 47, to any entity referred to as an "international organization" in article 1 of Annex IX to the Convention which becomes a Party to this Agreement, and to that extent "States Parties" refers to those entities.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.1.3 3. This Agreement applies mutatis mutandis to other fishing entities whose vessels fish on the high seas.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21 Article 21
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.1 1. In any high seas area covered by a subregional or regional fisheries management organization or arrangement, a State Party which is a member of, or a participant in, such organization or arrangement may, through its duly authorized inspectors, board and inspect, in accordance with paragraph 2, fishing vessels flying the flag of another State Party to this Agreement, whether or not such State Party is also a member of, or a participant in, the organization or arrangement, for the purpose of ensuring compliance with conservation and management measures for straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks established by that organization or arrangement.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.2 2. States, through subregional or regional fisheries management organizations or arrangements, shall establish procedures for boarding and inspection pursuant to paragraph 1, as well as procedures to implement other provisions of this article. Such procedures shall be consistent with this article and the basic procedures set out in article 22 and shall not discriminate against non-members of the organization or non-participants in the arrangement. Boarding and inspection as well as any subsequent enforcement action shall be conducted in accordance with such procedures. States shall give due publicity to procedures established pursuant to this paragraph
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.3 3. If, within two years of the adoption of this Agreement, any organization or arrangement has not established such procedures, boarding and inspection pursuant to paragraph 1, as well as any subsequent enforcement actions, shall, pending the establishment of such procedures, be conducted in accordance with this article and the basic procedures set out in article 22
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.4 4. Prior to taking action under this article, inspecting States shall, either directly or through the relevant subregional or regional fisheries management organization or arrangement, inform all States whose vessels fish on the high seas in the subregion or region of the form of identification issued to their duly authorized inspectors. The vessels used for boarding and inspection shall be clearly marked and identifiable as being on government service. At the time of becoming a Party to this Agreement, States shall designate an appropriate authority to receive notifications pursuant to this article and shall give due publicity of such designation through the relevant subregional or regional fisheries management organization or arrangement.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.5 5. Where, following a boarding and inspection, there are clear grounds for believing that a vessel has engaged in any activity contrary to the conservation and management measures referred to in paragraph 1, the inspecting State shall, where appropriate, secure evidence and shall promptly notify the flag State of the alleged violation.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.6 6. The flag State shall respond to the notification referred to under paragraph 5 within three working days of its receipt, or such other period as may be prescribed in procedures established in accordance with paragraph 2, and shall either:
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.6.a (a) fulfil, without delay, its obligations under article 19 to investigate and, if evidence so warrants, take enforcement action with respect to the vessel, in which case it shall promptly inform the inspecting state of the results of the investigation and of any enforcement action taken; or
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.6.b (b) authorize the inspecting State to investigate.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.7 7. Where the flag State authorizes the inspecting State to investigate an alleged violation, the inspecting State shall, without delay, communicate the results of that investigation to the flag State. The flag State shall, if evidence so warrants, fulfil its obligations to take enforcement action with respect to the vessel. Alternatively, the flag State may authorize the inspecting State to take such enforcement action as the flag State may specify with respect to the vessel, consistent with the rights and obligations of the flag State under this Agreement.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.8 8. Where, following a boarding and inspection, there are clear grounds for believing that a vessel has committed a serious violation, and the flag State has either failed to respond or failed to take action as required under paragraphs 6 or 7, the inspectors may remain on board and secure evidence and may require the master to assist in further investigation including, where appropriate, by bringing the vessel without delay to the nearest appropriate port, or to such other port as may be specified in procedures established in accordance with paragraph 2. The inspecting State shall immediately inform the flag State of the name of the port to which the vessel is to proceed. The inspecting State and the flag State and, as appropriate, the port State shall take all necessary steps to ensure the well-being of the crew regardless of their nationality.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.9 9. The inspecting State shall inform the flag State and the relevant organization or the participants in the relevant arrangement of the results of any further investigation.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.10 10. The inspecting State shall require its inspectors to observe international rules and generally accepted practices and procedures relating to the safety of the vessel and the crew, minimize interference with fishing operations and, to the extent practicable, avoid action which would adversely affect the quality of the catch on board. Inspecting States shall ensure that boarding and inspection is not conducted in a manner that would constitute harassment of any fishing vessel.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.11 11. For the purposes of this article, a serious violation means:
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.11.a (a) fishing without a valid licence, authorization or permit issued by the flag State in accordance with article 18, paragraph 3(a);
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.11.b (b) failing to maintain accurate records of catch and catch-related data, as required by the relevant subregional or regional fisheries management organization or arrangement, or serious misreporting of catch, contrary to the catch reporting requirements of such organization or arrangement;
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.11.c (c) fishing in a closed area, fishing during a closed season or fishing without, or after attainment of, a quota established by the relevant subregional or regional fisheries management organization or arrangement;
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.11.d (d) directed fishing for a stock which is subject to a moratorium or for which fishing is prohibited;
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.11.e (e) using prohibited fishing gear;
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.11.f (f) falsifying or concealing the markings, identity or registration of a fishing vessel;
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.11.g (g) concealing, tampering with or disposing of evidence relating to an investigation;
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.11.h (h) multiple violations which together constitute a serious disregard of conservation and management measures; or
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.11.i (i) such other violations as may be specified in procedures established by the relevant subregional or regional fisheries management organization or arrangement.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.12 12. Notwithstanding the other provisions of this article, the flag State may, at any time, take action to fulfil its obligations under article 19 with respect to an alleged violation. Where the vessel is under the direction of the inspecting State, the inspecting State shall, at the request of the flag State, release the vessel to the flag State along with full information on the progress and outcome of its investigation.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.13 13. This article is without prejudice to the right of the flag State to take any measures, including proceedings to impose penalties, according to its laws.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.14 14. This article applies mutatis mutandis to boarding and inspection by a State Party which is a member of a subregional or regional fisheries management organization or a participant in a subregional or regional fisheries management arrangement and which has clear grounds for believing that a fishing vessel flying the flag of another State Party has engaged in any activity contrary to relevant conservation and management measures referred to in paragraph 1 in the high seas area covered by such organization or arrangement, and such vessel has subsequently, during the same fishing trip, entered into an area under the national jurisdiction of the inspecting State.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.15 15. Where a subregional or regional fisheries management organization or arrangement has established an alternative mechanism which effectively discharges the obligation under this Agreement of the members of such organization or the participants in such an arrangement to ensure compliance with the conservation and management measures established by the organization or arrangement, members of, or participants in, such organization or arrangement may agree to limit the application of paragraph 1 as between themselves in respect of the conservation and management measures which have been established in the relevant high seas area.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.16 16. Action taken by States other than the flag State in respect of vessels having engaged in activities contrary to subregional or regional conservation and management measures shall be proportional to the seriousness of the violation.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.17 17. Where there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that a fishing vessel on the high seas is without nationality, a State may board and inspect the vessel. Where evidence so warrants, the State may take such action as may be appropriate in accordance with international law.
3221 Agreement For The Implementation Of The Law Of The Sea Convention Relating To The Conservation And Management Of Straddling Fish Stocks And Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Art.21.18 18. States shall be liable for damage or loss attributable to them arising from action taken pursuant to this article when such action is unlawful or exceeds that reasonably required in the light of available information to implement the provisions of this article.
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1 Article I
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.a 1. a) The geographic scope of this Agreement, hereinafter referred to as the "Agreement area", is constituted by all the maritime waters of the Black Sea and the Mediterranean and their gulfs and seas, and the internal waters connected to or interconnecting these maritime waters, and of the Atlantic area contiguous to the Mediterranean Sea west of the Straits of Gibraltar. For the purpose of this Agreement:
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.a.ix - the Black Sea is bounded to the southwest by the line joining Capes Kelaga and Dalyan (Turkey);
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.a.iix - the Mediterranean Sea is bounded to the east by the southern limits of the Straits of the Dardanelles between the lighthouses of Mehmetcik and Kumkale (Turkey) and to the west by the meridian passing through Cape Spartel lighthouse, at the entrance to t
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.a.iiix - the contiguous Atlantic area west of the Strait of Gibraltar is bounded to the east by the meridian passing through Cape Spartel lighthouse and to the west by the line joining the lighthouses of Cape St. Vicente (Portugal) and Casablanca (Morocco).
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.b b) Nothing in this Agreement nor any act adopted on the basis of this Agreement shall prejudice the rights and obligations, the present and future claims or legal views of any State relating to the law of the sea or to the Montreux Convention of 20 July 1936 (Convention concernant le régime des détroits), in particular the nature and the extent of marine areas, the delimitation of marine areas between States with opposite or adjacent coasts, freedom of navigation on the high seas, the right and the modalities of passage through straits used for international navigation and the right of innocent passage in territorial seas, as well as the nature and extent of the jurisdiction of the coastal State, the flag State and the port State.
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.c c) No act or activity undertaken on the basis of this Agreement shall constitute grounds for claiming, contending or disputing any claim to national sovereignty or jurisdiction.
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.2 2. This Agreement applies to all cetaceans that have a range which lies entirely or partly within the Agreement area or that accidentally or occasionally frequent the Agreement area, an indicative list of which is contained in Annex 1 to this Agreement.
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3 3. For the purpose of this Agreement:
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.a a) "Cetaceans" means animals, including individuals, of those species, subspecies or populations of Odontoceti or Mysticeti;
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.b b) "Convention" means the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, 1979;
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.c c) "Secretariat of the Convention" means the body established under Article IX of the Convention;
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.d d) "Agreement secretariat" means the body established under Article III, paragraph 7, of this Agreement;
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.e e) "Scientific Committee" means the body established under Article III, paragraph 7, of this Agreement;
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.f f) "Range" means all areas of water that a cetacean inhabits, stays in temporarily, or crosses at any time on its normal migration route within the Agreement area.
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.g g) "Range State" means any State that exercises sovereignty and/or jurisdiction over any part of the range of a cetacean population covered by this Agreement, or a State, flag vessels of which are engaged in activities in the Agreement area which may affect the conservation of cetaceans;
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.h h) "Regional economic integration organization" means an organization constituted by sovereign States which has competence in respect of the negotiation, conclusion and application of international agreements in matters covered by this Agreement;
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.i i) "Party" means a Range State or a regional economic integration organization for which this Agreement is in force;
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.j j) "Subregion", depending on the particular context, means either the region comprising the coastal States of Black Sea or the region comprising the coastal States of the Mediterranean Sea and the contiguous Atlantic area; any reference in the Agreement to the States of a particular subregion shall be taken to mean the States which have any part of their territorial waters within that subregion, and States, flag vessels of which are engaged in activities which may affect the conservation of cetaceans in that subregion; and
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.k k) "Habitat" means any area in the range of cetaceans where they are temporarily or permanently resident, in particular, feeding areas, calving or breeding grounds, and migration routes.
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.3.lx In addition, the terms defined in Article I, subparagraphs 1 a) to e), and i) of the Convention shall have the same meaning, mutatis mutandis, in this Agreement.
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.4 4. This Agreement is an agreement within the meaning of Article IV, paragraph 4, of the Convention.
3254 Agreement On The Conservation Of Cetaceans Of The Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea And Contiguous Atlantic Area Art.1.5 5. The annexes to this Agreement form an integral part thereof, and any reference to the Agreement includes a reference to its annexes.
3255 Inter-American Convention For The Protection And Conservation Of Sea Turtles Art.1 ARTICLE I
3255 Inter-American Convention For The Protection And Conservation Of Sea Turtles Art.1.0x For the purposes of this Convention:
3255 Inter-American Convention For The Protection And Conservation Of Sea Turtles Art.1.1 1. "Sea turtle" means any of the species listed in Annex I.
3255 Inter-American Convention For The Protection And Conservation Of Sea Turtles Art.1.2 2. "Sea turtle habitats" means all those aquatic and terrestrial environments which sea turtles use at any stage of their life cycles.
3255 Inter-American Convention For The Protection And Conservation Of Sea Turtles Art.1.3 3. "Parties" means States which have consented to be bound by this Convention and for which this Convention is in force.
3255 Inter-American Convention For The Protection And Conservation Of Sea Turtles Art.1.4 4. "States in the Americas" means the States of North, Central and South America and the Caribbean Sea, as well as other States that have continental or insular territories in this region.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1 Article 1
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.0x For the purposes of this Convention:
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.1 1. "Ship" means any seagoing vessel and seaborne craft, of any type whatsoever.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.2 2. "Person" means any individual or partnership or any public or private body, whether corporate or not, including a State or any of its constituent subdivisions.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.3 3. "Owner" means the person or persons registered as the owner of the ship or, in the absence of registration, the person or persons owning the ship. However, in the case of a ship owned by a State and operated by a company which in that State is registered as the ship's operator, "owner" shall mean such company.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.4 4. "Receiver" means either:
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.4.a (a) the person who physically receives contributing cargo discharged in the ports and terminals of a State Party; provided that if at the time of receipt the person who physically receives the cargo acts as an agent for another who is subject to the jurisdiction of any State Party, then the principal shall be deemed to be the receiver, if the agent discloses the principal to the HNS Fund; or
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.4.b (b) the person in the State Party who in accordance with the national law of that State Party is deemed to be the receiver of contributing cargo discharged in the ports and terminals of a State Party, provided that the total contributing cargo received according to such national law is substantially the same as that which would have been received under (a).
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.5 5. "Hazardous and noxious substances" (HNS) means:
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.5.a (a) any substances, materials and articles carried on board a ship as cargo, referred to in (i) to (vii) below:
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.5.a.i (i) oils carried in bulk listed in appendix I of Annex I to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto, as amended;
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.5.a.ii (ii) noxious liquid substances carried in bulk referred to in appendix II of Annex II to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto, as amended, and those substances and mixtures provisionally categorized as falling in pollution category A, B, C or D in accordance with regulation 3(4) of the said Annex II;
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.5.a.iii (iii) dangerous liquid substances carried in bulk listed in Chapter 17 of the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk, 1983, as amended, and the dangerous products for which the preliminary suitable conditions for the carriage have been prescribed by the Administration and port administrations involved in accordance with paragraph 1.1.3 of the Code;
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.5.a.iv (iv) dangerous, hazardous and harmful substances, materials and articles in packaged form covered by the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, as amended;
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.5.a.v (v) liquefied gases as listed in Chapter 19 of the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk, 1983, as amended, and the products for which preliminary suitable conditions for the carriage have been prescribed by the Administration and port administrations involved in accordance with paragraph 1.1.6 of the Code;
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.5.a.vi (vi) liquid substances carried in bulk with a flashpoint not exceeding 60deg.C (measured by a closed cup test);
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.5.a.vii (vii) solid bulk materials possessing chemical hazards covered by appendix B of the Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes, as amended, to the extent that these substances are also subject to the provisions of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code when carried in packaged form; and
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.5.b (b) residues from the previous carriage in bulk of substances referred to in (a)(i) to (iii) and (v) to (vii) above.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.6 6. "Damage" means:
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.6.a (a) loss of life or personal injury on board or outside the ship carrying the hazardous and noxious substances caused by those substances;
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.6.b (b) loss of or damage to property outside the ship carrying the hazardous and noxious substances caused by those substances;
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.6.c (c) loss or damage by contamination of the environment caused by the hazardous and noxious substances, provided that compensation for impairment of the environment other than loss of profit from such impairment shall be limited to costs of reasonable measures of reinstatement actually undertaken or to be undertaken; and
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.6.d (d) the costs of preventive measures and further loss or damage caused by preventive measures.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.6.ex Where it is not reasonably possible to separate damage caused by the hazardous and noxious substances from that caused by other factors, all such damage shall be deemed to be caused by the hazardous and noxious substances except if, and to the extent that, the damage caused by other factors is damage of a type referred to in Article 4, paragraph 3.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.6.fx In this paragraph, "caused by those substances" means caused by the hazardous or noxious nature of the substances.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.7 7. "Preventive measures" means any reasonable measures taken by any person after an incident has occurred to prevent or minimize damage.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.8 8. "Incident" means any occurrence or series of occurrences having the same origin, which causes damage or creates a grave and imminent threat of causing damage.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.9 9. "Carriage by sea" means the period from the time when the hazardous and noxious substances enter any part of the ship's equipment, on loading, to the time they cease to be present in any part of the ship's equipment, on discharge. If no ship's equipment is used, the period begins and ends respectively when the hazardous and noxious substances cross the ship's rail.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.10 10. "Contributing cargo" means any hazardous and noxious substances which are carried by sea as cargo to a port or terminal in the territory of a State Party and discharged in that State. Cargo in transit which is transferred directly, or through a port or terminal, from one ship to another, either wholly or in part, in the course of carriage from the port or terminal of original loading to the port or terminal of final destination shall be considered as contributing cargo only in respect of receipt at the final destination.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.11 11. The "HNS Fund" means the International Hazardous and Noxious Substances Fund established under Article 13.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.12 12. "Unit of account" means the Special Drawing Right as defined by the International Monetary Fund.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.13 13. "State of the ship's registry" means in relation to a registered ship the State of registration of the ship, and in relation to an unregistered ship the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.14 14. "Terminal" means any site for the storage of hazardous and noxious substances received from waterborne transportation, including any facility situated off-shore and linked by pipeline or otherwise to such site.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.15 15. "Director" means the Director of the HNS Fund.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.16 16. "Organization" means the International Maritime Organization.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.1.17 17. "Secretary-General" means the Secretary-General of the Organization.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.5 Article 5
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.5.1 1. A State may, at the time of ratification, acceptance, approval of, or accession to, this Convention, or any time thereafter, declare that this Convention does not apply to ships:
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.5.1.a (a) which do not exceed 200 gross tonnage; and
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.5.1.b (b) which carry hazardous and noxious substances only in packaged form; and
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.5.1.c (c) while they are engaged on voyages between ports or facilities of that State.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.5.2 2. Where two neighbouring States agree that this Convention does not apply also to ships which are covered by paragraph 1(a) and (b) while engaged on voyages between ports or facilities of those States, the States concerned may declare that the exclusion from the application of this Convention declared under paragraph 1 covers also ships referred to in this paragraph.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea Art.5.3 3. Any State which has made the declaration under paragraph 1 or 2 may withdraw such declaration at any time.
3240 International Convention On Liability And Compensation For Damage In Connection With The Carriage Of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea