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Paragraphs in "Agreement Establishing The Inter-American Institute For Global Change Research" coded as HOBF

Label Provision
Art.2 Article II Objectives
Art.2.1x The Institute shall pursue the principles of scientific excellence, international cooperation, and the full and open exchange of scientific information, relevant to global change. In order to do so, the objectives of the Institute are to:
Art.2.1x.a a) Promote regional cooperation for interdisciplinary research on aspects of global change related to the sciences of the earth, ocean, atmosphere, and the environment and to social sciences, with particular attention to impacts on ecosystems and biodiversity, socio-economic impacts, and technologies and economic aspects associated with the mitigation of and adaptation to global change;
Art.2.1x.b b) Conduct or select for sponsorship scientific programs and projects on the basis of their regional relevance and scientific merit as determined by scientific review;
Art.2.1x.c c) Pursue on a regional scale that research which cannot be pursued by any individual State or institution and dedicate itself to scientific issues of regional importance;
Art.2.1x.d d) Improve the scientific and technical capabilities and research infrastructure of the States of the region by identifying and promoting the development of facilities for the implementation of data management and by the scientific and technical training of professionals;
Art.2.1x.e e) Foster standardization, collection, analysis and exchange of scientific data relevant to global change;
Art.2.1x.f f) Improve public awareness and provide scientific information to governments for the development of public policy relevant to global change;
Art.2.1x.g g) Promote cooperation among the different research institutions of the region; and
Art.2.1x.h h) Promote cooperation with research institutions in other regions.
Art.3 Article III Scientific Agenda
Art.3.1x In pursuit of the above objectives, the Institute shall have an evolving Scientific Agenda, reflecting an appropriate balance among biogeographical areas of scientific importance; an integration of scientific, economic and sociological research; and shall focus on such regional issues as the Conference of the Parties shall determine, in accordance with Articles V, VI, VII and VIII. The initial Scientific Agenda shall include:
Art.3.1x.a a) The study of tropical ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles;
Art.3.1x.b b) The study of impacts of climate change on biodiversity;
Art.3.1x.c c) The study of El Niño Southern Oscillation and interannual climate variability;
Art.3.1x.d d) The study of ocean/atmosphere/land interactions in the intertropical Americas;
Art.3.1x.e e) Comparative studies of oceanic, coastal and estuarine processes in temperate zones;
Art.3.1x.f f) Comparative studies of temperate terrestrial ecosystems; and
Art.3.1x.g g) High latitude processes.
Art.5 Article V The Conference of the Parties
Art.5.1 1. The Conference of the Parties shall be the principal policy-making organ of the Institute.
Art.5.2 2. Each Party shall be a member of the Conference of the Parties.
Art.5.3 3. The Conference of the Parties shall meet at least once every year.
Art.5.4 4. The Conference of the Parties shall:
Art.5.4.a a) consider and adopt measures to establish, review and update the policies and procedures of the Institute, as well as to evaluate its work and the accomplishment of its objectives;
Art.5.4.b b) review periodically and approve, on the basis of recommendations of the Scientific Advisory Committee, the Scientific Agenda of the Institute and to consider and approve its long-range plans and annual program and budget, taking into account:
Art.5.4.b.i i) The processes or issues that are unique to the region and their significance on a global scale;
Art.5.4.b.ii ii) The research strengths within the region and how those strengths can be best utilized in order to contribute to the global effort to understand global change; and
Art.5.4.b.iii iii) The need to integrate research on global issues through cooperation among research institutes, among States and among the different parts of the Inter-American region, and with regional and international global change research programs.
Art.5.4.c c) Consider and approve the financial policies, the annual budget and the financial records of the Institute submitted by the Director;
Art.5.4.d d) Elect the Members of the Executive Council and the members of the Scientific Advisory Committee, and the Director;
Art.5.4.e e) Consider and approve the Rules of Procedure of the Executive Council;
Art.5.4.f f) Decide on the venue for its annual ordinary and extraordinary meetings, which shall be rotated among the Parties;
Art.5.4.g g) Issue, through the Director, invitations to become Associates of the Institute, as provided in Article XI of this Agreement;
Art.5.4.h h) Authorize the Director to conclude with an accepting Associate an Agreement of Association;
Art.5.4.i i) Decide on the development and designation of Institute Research Centers and on their location, as provided in Article IX;
Art.5.4.j j) Make decisions regarding the location of the Directorate;
Art.5.4.k k) Establish ad hoc committees as necessary;
Art.5.4.l l) Approve amendments to this Agreement in accordance with Article XV, Section 3; and
Art.5.4.m m) Perform other functions as necessary to achieve the objectives of the Institute.
Art.7 Article VII The Scientific Advisory Committee
Art.7.1 1. The Scientific Advisory Committee shall be the principal scientific advisory organ of the Institute.
Art.7.2 2. The Scientific Advisory Committee shall be composed of ten members elected by the Conference of the Parties to serve in their personal capacity for three-year terms and with eligibility for a single additional term. The Conference of the Parties shall elect six Scientific Advisory Committee members from nominations received from the Parties; three from nominations received from the Scientific Advisory Committee itself; and one from nominations received from the Institute's Associates. These members shall be scientists recognized internationally for their expertise in areas relevant to the objectives of the Institute, ensuring broad subregional, regional, and worldwide representation, as well as representation from a variety of disciplines relevant to global change research.
Art.7.3 3. The Scientific Advisory Committee shall meet as necessary and at least once a year.
Art.7.4 4. The Scientific Advisory Committee shall:
Art.7.4.a a) Make recommendations to the Conference of the Parties regarding the Scientific Agenda, long-range plans and annual program of the Institute;
Art.7.4.b b) Direct the peer review system of the Institute, ensuring through its rules of procedure that individual Committee members do not participate in the evaluation of proposals which they have themselves submitted;
Art.7.4.c c) Adopt its own rules of procedure;
Art.7.4.d d) Establish scientific panels for particular issues;
Art.7.4.e e) Assess the scientific results obtained by the Institute; and
Art.7.4.f f) Perform any other functions entrusted to it by the Conference of the Parties.
Art.9 Article IX Institute Research Centers
Art.9.1 1. Institute Research Centers shall be developed and designated by the Conference of the Parties only based upon proposals submitted by Parties interested in hosting such Centers in their own territory.
Art.9.2 2. Each Institute Research Center must have a long-term commitment to a program of research within the objectives of the Institute for which the Center shall be responsible to the Institute. Each Research Center shall present its long-range plans and annual program and budget to the Conference of the Parties for its approval, based on advice from the Scientific Advisory Committee and the Institute's needs to integrate the plans and programs of all of the Centers.
Art.9.3 3. The Institute Research Centers shall, inter alia:
Art.9.3.a a) Conduct and support in-house and extramural interdisciplinary global change research;
Art.9.3.b b) Collect data and promote the full, open and efficient exchange of data and information between the Institute and the Parties;
Art.9.3.c c) Strengthen capabilities and facilities of existing institutions;
Art.9.3.d d) Create regional capacity and provide advanced training in fields relevant to global change;
Art.9.3.e e) Participate ex-officio, through their respective Directors, in the meetings of the Conference of the Parties, the Executive Council and the Scientific Advisory Committee; and
Art.9.3.f f) Perform any other functions provided in this Agreement for the Institute Research Centers or entrusted to them by the Conference of the Parties.
Art.9.4 4. When deciding on the development or designation of an Institute Research Center, the Conference of the Parties shall take into account:
Art.9.4.a a) The need to achieve broad coverage of all biogeographically defined subregions of the Inter-American region;
Art.9.4.b b) The need to consolidate a regional network of research components focusing on the different areas of the Scientific Agenda of the Institute;
Art.9.4.c c) The ease of access to the site for visiting scientists and technicians;
Art.9.4.d d) The availability of logistics support including, inter alia, mail, telecommunications and housing;
Art.9.4.e e) The demonstrable interest of scientists and governments in conducting global change research and in cooperating with other institutions;
Art.9.4.f f) The existence of a scientific institution or nucleus at the site actively engaged, in whole or in substantive part, in global change research;
Art.9.4.g g) The likelihood of long-term stability of interest and support for the research objectives of the Institute;
Art.9.4.h h) The ability to contribute resources to the overall Institute through, interalia, areas of specialty, expertise and location;
Art.9.4.i i) The conditions offered by the proposing Parties regarding the open and efficient transfer of institute-related funds, of easy entry to and exit from the State for personnel and equipment which are properly accredited as being associated with the work of the Institute; and
Art.9.4.J j) The possibility of access to aggregate data bases and close proximity to more specialized research capabilities in subjects associated with global change and research training.
Art.10 Article X Affiliated Research Institutions
Art.10.1 1. An institution which submits a proposal for a specific research project, through the appropriate Party, may be designated by the Conference of the Parties as being affiliated to the Institute for the duration of the project. The Conference shall base its decision on a review of the proposal, taking into account the views of the Scientific Advisory Committee as to the scientific merit of the proposed project and its relevance to the objectives of the Institute.
Art.10.2 2. Affiliated research institutions shall be responsible to the Institute for the portion of its work sponsored by the Institute.
Art.11 Article XI Associates of the Institute
Art.11.1 1. The Conference of the Parties may invite States outside the region, regional or international intergovernmental organizations, and industries and other nongovermnental and private organizations interested in supporting the Scientific Agenda and programmatic activities of the Institute, to become Associates of the Institute.
Art.11.2 2. Associates may participate as observers in the meetings of the Conference of the Parties.
Art.11.3 3. Associates shall be entitled collectively to nominate one member of the Scientific Advisory committee, on the basis of a procedure to be agreed among them.
Art.11.4 4. Each Associate shall conclude with the Institute, through the Director, an Agreement of Association which shall specify the area or areas of the Scientific Agenda that will be supported by the Associate, and the modalities of such support.