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Paragraphs in "Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals" coded as SUBS

Label Provision
Art.2 Article II
Art.2.1 1. The Parties acknowledge the importance of migratory species being conserved and of Range States agreeing to take action to this end whenever possible and appropriate, paying special attention to migratory species the conservation status of which is unfavourable, and taking individually or in co-operation appropriate and necessary steps to conserve such species and their habitat.
Art.2.2 2. The Parties acknowledge the need to take action to avoid any migratory species becoming endangered.
Art.2.3 3. In particular, the Parties:
Art.2.3.a a) should promote, co-operate in and support research relating to migratory species;
Art.2.3.b b) shall endeavour to provide immediate protection for migratory species included in Appendix I; and
Art.2.3.c c) shall endeavour to conclude Agreements covering the conservation and management of migratory species included in Appendix II.
Art.3 Article III
Art.3.1 1. Appendix I shall list migratory species which are endangered.
Art.3.2 2. A migratory species may be listed in Appendix I provided that reliable evidence, including the best scientific evidence available, indicates that the species is endangered.
Art.3.3 3. A migratory species may be removed from Appendix I when the Conference of the Parties determines that:
Art.3.3.a a) reliable evidence, including the best scientific evidence available, indicates that the species is no longer endangered, and
Art.3.3.b b) the species is not likely to become endangered again because of loss of protection due to its removal from Appendix I.
Art.3.4 4. Parties that are Range States of a migratory species listed in Appendix I shall endeavour:
Art.3.4.a a) to conserve and, where feasible and appropriate, restore those habitats of the species which are of importance in removing the species from danger of extinction;
Art.3.4.b b) to prevent, remove, compensate for or minimize, as appropriate, the adverse effects of activities or obstacles that seriously impede or prevent the migration of the species; and
Art.3.4.c c) to the extent feasible and appropriate, to prevent, reduce or control factors that are endangering or are likely to further endanger the species, including strictly controlling the introduction of, or controlling or eliminating, already introduced exotic species.
Art.3.5 5. Parties that are Range States of a migratory species listed in Appendix I shall prohibit the taking of animals belonging to such species. Exceptions may be made to this prohibition only if:
Art.3.5.a a) the taking is for scientific purposes;
Art.3.5.b b) the taking is for the purpose of enhancing the propagation or survival of the affected species;
Art.3.5.c c) the taking is to accommodate the needs of traditional subsistence users of such species; or
Art.3.5.d d) extraordinary circumstances so require; provided that such exceptions are precise as to content and limited in space and time. Such taking should not operate to the disadvantage of the species.
Art.3.6 6. The Conferences of the Parties may recommend to the Parties that are Range States of a migratory species listed in Appendix I that they take further measures considered appropriate to benefit the species.
Art.3.7 7. The Parties shall as soon as possible inform the Secretariat of any exceptions made pursuant to paragraph 5 of this Article.
Art.4 Article IV
Art.4.1 1. Appendix II shall list migratory species which have an unfavourable conservation status and which require international agreements for their conservation and management, as well as those which have a conservation status which would significantly benefit from the international cooperation that could be achieved by an international agreement.
Art.4.2 2. If the circumstances so warrant, a migratory species may be listed both in Appendix I and Appendix II.
Art.4.3 3. Parties that are Range States of migratory species listed in Appendix II shall endeavour to conclude Agreements where these should benefit the species and should give priority to those species in an unfavourable conservation status.
Art.4.4 4. Parties are encouraged to take action with a view to concluding agreements for any population or any geographically separate part of the population of any species or lower taxon of wild animals, members of which periodically cross one or more national jurisdiction boundaries.
Art.4.5 5. The Secretariat shall be provided with a copy of each Agreement concluded pursuant to the provisions of this Article.
Art.5 Article V
Art.5.1 1. The object of each Agreement shall be to restore the migratory species concerned to a favourable conservation status or to maintain it in such a status. Each Agreement should deal with those aspects of the conservation and management of the migratory species concerned which serve to achieve that object.
Art.5.2 2. Each Agreement should cover the whole of the range of the migratory species concerned and should be open to accession by all Range States of that species, whether or not they are Parties to this Convention.
Art.5.3 3. An Agreement should, wherever possible, deal with more than one migratory species.
Art.5.4 4. Each Agreement should:
Art.5.4.a a) identify the migratory species covered;
Art.5.4.b b) describe the range and migration route of the migratory species;
Art.5.4.c c) provide for each Party to designate its national authority concerned with the implementation of the Agreement.
Art.5.4.d d) establish, if necessary, appropriate machinery to assist in carrying out the aims of the Agreement, to monitor its effectiveness, and to prepare reports for the Conference of the Parties;
Art.5.4.e e) provide for procedures for the settlement of disputes between Parties to the Agreement; and
Art.5.4.f f) at a minimum, prohibit, in relation to a migratory species of the Order Cetacea, any taking that is not permitted for that migratory species under any other multilateral Agreement and provide for accession to the Agreement by States that are not Range States of that migratory species.
Art.5.5 5. Where appropriate and feasible, each Agreement should provide for but not be limited to:
Art.5.5.a a) periodic review of the conservation status of the migratory species concerned and the identification of the factors which may be harmful to that status;
Art.5.5.b b) co-ordinated conservation and management plans;
Art.5.5.c c) research into the ecology and population dynamics of the migratory species concerned, with special regard to migration;
Art.5.5.d d) the exchange of information on the migratory species concerned, special regard being paid to the exchange of the results of research and of relevant statistics;
Art.5.5.e e) conservation and, where required and feasible, restoration of the habitats of importance in maintaining a favourable conservation status, and protection of such habitats from disturbances, including strict control of the introduction of, or control of already introduced, exotic species detrimental to the migratory species;
Art.5.5.f f) maintenance of a network of suitable habitats appropriately disposed in relation to the migration routes;
Art.5.5.g g) where it appears desirable, the provision of new habitats favourable to the migratory species or reintroduction of the migratory species into favourable habitats;
Art.5.5.h h) elimination of, to the maximum extent possible, or compensation for activities and obstacles which hinder or impede migration;
Art.5.5.i i) prevention, reduction or control of the release into the habitat of the migratory species of substances harmful to that migratory species;
Art.5.5.j j) measures based on sound ecological principles to control and manage the taking of the migratory species;
Art.5.5.k k) procedures for co-ordinating action to suppress illegal taking;
Art.5.5.l l) exchange of information on substantial threats to the migratory species;
Art.5.5.m m) emergency procedures whereby conservation action would be considerably and rapidly strengthened when the conservation status of the migratory species is seriously affected; and
Art.5.5.n n) making the general public aware of the contents and aims of the Agreement.