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Paragraphs in "Interim Convention On Conservation Of North Pacific Fur Seals" coded as SCIR

Label Provision
Pre.1 The Governments of Canada, Japan, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and the United States of America,
Pre.2 DESIRING to take effective measures towards achieving the maximum sustainable productivity of the fur seal resources of the North Pacific Ocean so that the fur seal populations can be brought to and maintained at the levels which will provide the greatest harvest year after year, with due regard to their relation to the productivity of other living marine resources of the area,
Pre.4 DESIRING to provide for international cooperation in achieving these objectives,
Pre.5 Agree as follows:
Art.1 Article I
Art.1.1 1. The term "pelagic sealing" is hereby defined for the purposes of this Convention as meaning the killing, taking, or hunting in any manner whatsoever of fur seals at sea.
Art.1.2 2. The words "each year", "annual" and "annually" as used hereinafter refer to the Convention year, that is, the year beginning on the date of entry into force of the Convention.
Art.1.3 3. Nothing in this Convention shall be deemed to affect in any way the position of the Parties in regard to the limits of territorial waters or to the jurisdiction over fisheries.
Art.2 Article II
Art.2.4 4. Each Party agrees to provide the Commission annually with information on:
Art.2.4.a a) number of black pups tagged for each breeding area;
Art.2.4.b b) number of fur seals, by sex and estimated age, taken at sea and on each breeding area; and
Art.2.4.c c) tagged seals recovered on land and at sea;
Art.3 Article III
Art.4 Article IV
Art.5 Article V
Art.5.1 1. The Parties agree to establish the North Pacific Fur Seal Commission to be composed of one member from each Party.
Art.5.2 2. The duties of the Commission shall be to:
Art.5.2.e e) study whether or not pelagic sealing in conjunction with land sealing could be permitted in certain circumstances without adversely affecting achievement of the objectives of this Convention, and make recommendations thereon to the Parties at the end of the twenty-first year after entry into force of the Convention.
Art.5.4 4. Each Party shall have one vote. Decisions and recommendations shall be made by unanimous vote. With respect to any recommendations regarding the size and the sex and age composition of the seasonal commercial kill from a herd, only those Parties sharing in the seal-skins from that herd under the provisions of Article IX, paragraph 1 shall vote.
Art.5.5 5. The Commission shall elect from its members a Chairman and other necessary officials and shall adopt rules of procedure for the conduct of its work.
Art.5.6 6. The Commission shall hold an annual meeting at such time and place as it may decide. Additional meetings shall be held when requested by two or more members of the Commission.
Art.5.7 7. The expenses of each member of the Commission shall be paid by his own Government. Such joint expenses as may be incurred by the Commission shall be defrayed by the Parties by equal contributions. Each Party shall also contribute to the Commission annually an amount equivalent to the value of the sealskins it confiscates under the provisions of Article VI, paragraph 5.
Art.5.8 8. The Commission shall submit an annual report of its activities to the Parties.
Art.5.9 9. The Commission may from time to time make recommendations to the Parties on any matter which relates to the fur seal resources or to the administration of the Commission.
Art.6 Article VI
Art.6.0x In order to implement the provisions of Article III, the Parties agree as follows:
Art.6.1 1. When a duly authorized official of any of the Parties has reasonable cause to believe that any vessel outfitted for the harvesting of living marine resources and subject to the jurisdiction of any of the Parties is offending against the prohibition of pelagic sealing as provided for by Article III, he may, except within the territorial waters of another State, board and search such vessel. Such official shall carry a special certificate issued by the competent authorities of his Government and drawn up in the English, Japanese, and Russian languages which shall be exhibited to the master of the vessel upon request.
Art.6.2 2. When the official after searching a vessel continues to have reasonable cause to believe that the vessel or any person on board thereof is offending against the prohibition, he may seize or arrest such vessel or person. In that case, the Party to which the official belongs shall as soon as possible notify the Party having jurisdiction over the vessel or person of such arrest or seizure and shall deliver the vessel or person as promptly as practicable to the authorized officials of the Party having jurisdiction over the vessel or person at a place to be agreed upon by both Parties; provided however, that when the Party receiving notification cannot immediately accept delivery of the vessel or person, the Party which gives such notification may, upon request of the other Party, keep the vessel or person under surveillance within its own territory, under the conditions agreed upon by both Parties.
Art.6.3 3. The authorities of the Party to which such person or vessel belongs alone shall have jurisdiction to try any case arising under Article III and this Article and to impose penalties in connection therewith.
Art.6.4 4. The witnesses or their testimony and other proofs necessary to establish the offense, so far as they are under the control of any of the Parties, shall be furnished with all reasonable promptness to the authorities of the Party having jurisdiction to try the case.
Art.6.5 5. Sealskins discovered on seized vessels shall be subject to confiscation on the decision of the court or other authorities of the Party under whose jurisdiction the trial of a case takes place.
Art.6.6 6. Full details of punitive measures applied to offenders against the prohibition shall be communicated to the other Parties not later than three months after the application of the penalty.
Art.7 Article VII
Art.7.1x The provisions of this Convention shall not apply to Indians, Ainos, Aleuts, or Eskimos dwelling on the coast of the waters mentioned in Article III, who carry on pelagic sealing in canoes not transported by or used in connection with other vessels, and propelled entirely by oars, paddles, or sails, and manned by not more than five persons each, in the way hitherto practiced and without the use of firearms; provided that such hunters are not in the employment of other persons or under contract to deliver the skins to any person.
Art.8 Article VIII
Art.8.1 1. Each Party agrees that no person or vessel shall be permitted to use any of its ports or harbors or any part of its territory for any purpose designed to violate the prohibition set forth in Article III.
Art.9 Article IX
Art.9.1 1. The respective Parties agree that, of the total number of sealskins taken commercially each season on land, there shall at the end of the season be delivered a percentage of the gross in number and value thereof as follows:
Art..9.1.ax By the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Art.9.1.bx to Canada 15 per cent
Art.9.1.cx to Japan 15 per cent
Art.9.1.dx By the United States of America
Art.9.1.ex to Canada 15 per cent
Art.9.1.fx to Japan 15 per cent
Art.9.2 2. Each Party agrees to deliver such sealskins to an authorized agent of the recipient Party at the place of taking, or at some other place mutually agreed upon by such Parties.
Art.9.3 3. The respective Parties will seek to ensure the utilization of those methods for the capture and killing and marking of fur seals on land or at sea which will spare the fur seals pain and suffering to the greatest extent practicable.
Art.10 Article X
Art.10.1 1. Each Party agrees to enact and enforce such legislation as may be necessary to guarantee the observance of this Convention and to make effective its provisions with appropriate penalties for violation thereof.
Art.10.2 2. The Parties further agree to co-operate with each other in taking such measures as may be appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Convention, including the prohibition of pelagic sealing as provided for by Article III.
Art.11 Article XI
Art.11.1x The Parties agree to meet in the twenty-second year after entry into force of the Convention to consider the recommendations in accordance with Article V, paragraph 2(e) and to determine what further agreements may be desirable in order to achieve the maximum sustainable productivity of the North Pacific fur seal herds.
Art.12 Article XII
Art.12.1x Should any Party consider that the obligations of Article II, paragraphs 3, 4, or 5 or any other obligation undertaken by the Parties is not being carried out and notify the other Parties to that effect, all the Parties shall, within three months of the receipt of such notification, meet to consult together on the need for and nature of remedial measures. In the event that such consultation shall not lead to agreement as to the need for and nature of remedial measures, any Party may give written notice to the other Parties of intention to terminate the Convention and, notwithstanding the provisions of Article XIII, paragraph 4, the Convention shall thereupon terminate as to all the Parties nine months from the date of such notice.
Art.13 Article XIII
Art.13.1 1. This Convention shall be ratified and the instruments of ratification deposited with the Government of the United States of America as soon as practicable.
Art.13.2 2. The Government of the United States of America shall notify the other signatory Governments of ratifications deposited.
Art.13.3 3. The Convention shall enter into force on the date of the deposit of the fourth instrument of ratification.
Art.13.4 4. The Convention shall continue in force for twenty-two years and thereafter until the entry into force of a new or revised fur seal convention between the Parties, or until the expiration of one year after such period of twenty-two years, whichever may be the earlier; provided, however, that the Convention shall terminate one year from the day on which a Party gives written notice to the other Parties of an intention of terminating the Convention.
Art.13.5 5. At the request of any Party, representatives of the Parties will meet at a mutually convenient time within ninety days of such request to consider the desirability of modifications of the Convention.
Art.13.6 6. The original of this Convention shall be deposited with the Government of the United States of America, which shall communicate certified copies thereof to each of the Governments signatory to the Convention.
Conc.1 IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Convention.
Conc.2 Done in Washington this ninth day of February 1957, in the English, Japanese, and Russian languages, each text equally authentic.