Annexes to the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean of 3 April 1982, Pursuant to the Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution of 16 February 1976, Monaco, 1996
Done at Monaco 24 November 1996
Entered into force (not in force)
Primary source citation: Copy of text provided by the United Nations
ADOPTION OF THE ANNEXES TO THE PROTOCOL CONCERNING
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREAS AND BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
IN THE MEDITERRANEAN
The meeting of Plenipotentiaries,
Recalling the decision of the Conference of Plenipotentiaries held in Barcelona on 9 and 10 June 1995, whereby the Annexes to the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean, signed at this Conference, would be adopted at a later meeting of Plenipotentiaries,
Recalling also the recommendations on the drafting of these Annexes submitted by the Meeting of Experts on Endangered Species in the Mediterranean (Montpellier, 22-25 November 1995), by the Meeting of Experts on Common Criteria for the Choice of Protected Marine and Coastal Areas that could be included in the SPAMI List (Tunis, 22-23 March 1996), by the Third meeting of the National Focal Points for Specially Protected Areas (Tunis, 25-27 March 1996) and by the Government-Designated Experts on the Annexes to the Protocol (Monaco, 23 November 1996),
Having adopted, on this twenty-fourth day of November 1996, the Annexes to the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean, the text of which is appended to the Final Act of the Meeting,
Desirous of ensuring that the Annexes to the Protocol shall begin to produce beneficial effects, as an integral part of the Protocol, at the earliest possible moment,
Having regard to Article 17 of the Barcelona Convention stating the procedures governing Annexes and Amendments to Annexes to the Convention or Protocols,
Having regard furthermore to Article 29 of the Barcelona Convention, in which the Government of Spain has been designated Depository of the Convention and of any Protocol thereto,
1. Adopts the following Annexes to the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the
(a) Annex I: Common Criteria for the Choice of Protected Marine and Coastal Areas that Could be Included in the SPAMI List;
(b) Annex II: List of Endangered or Threatened Species;
(c) Annex III: List of Species Whose Exploitation is Regulated;
2. Invites the Contracting Parties to accept these Annexes in accordance with the procedure provided in Article 17, paragraphs 2 and 3 of the Barcelona Convention;
3. Requests the Contracting Parties, as the case may be, to ratify, accept, approve, or accede to the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean as quickly as possible;
4. Also invites the Government of Spain to deposit the adopted Annexes to the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean in accordance with Article 29 of the Barcelona Convention and to act, as specifically provided for, in accordance with the procedure of Article 17, paragraph 2 of the Barcelona Convention.
COMMON CRITERIA FOR THE CHOICE OF PROTECTED MARINE AND COASTAL AREAS THAT COULD BE INCLUDED IN THE SPAMI LIST
A. GENERAL PRINCIPLES
The Contracting Parties agree that the following general principles will guide their work in establishing the SPAMI List:
a) The conservation of the natural heritage is the basic aim that must characterize a SPAMI. The pursuit of other aims such as the conservation of the cultural heritage, and the promotion of scientific research, education, participation, collaboration, is highly desirable in SPAMIs and constitutes a factor in favour of a site being included on the List, to the extent in which it remains compatible with the aims of conservation.
b) No limit is imposed on the total number of areas included in the List or on the number of areas any individual Party can propose for inscription. Nevertheless, the Parties agree that sites will be selected on a scientific basis and included in the List according to their qualities; they will have therefore to fulfil the requirements set out by the Protocol and the present criteria.
c) The listed SPAMI and their geographical distribution will have to be representative of the Mediterranean region and its biodiversity. To this end the List will have to represent the highest number possible of types of habitats and ecosystems.
d) The SPAMIs will have to constitute the core of a network aiming at the effective conservation of the Mediterranean heritage. To attain this objective, the Parties will develop their cooperation on bilateral and multilateral bases in the field of conservation and management of natural sites and notably through the establishment of transboundary SPAMIs.
e) The sites included in the SPAMI List are intended to have a value of example and model for the protection of the natural heritage of the region. To this end, the Parties ensure that sites included in the List are provided with adequate legal status, protection measures and management methods and means.
B. GENERAL FEATURES OF THE AREAS THAT COULD BE INCLUDED IN THE SPAMI LIST
1. To be eligible for inclusion in the SPAMI List, an area must fulfil at least one of the general criteria set in Article 8 paragraph 2 of the Protocol. Several of these general criteria can in certain cases be fulfilled by the same area, and such a circumstance cannot but strengthen the case for the inclusion of the area in the List.
2. The regional value is a basic requirement of an area for being included in the SPAMI List. The following criteria should be used in evaluating the Mediterranean interest of an area:
The area contains unique or rare ecosystems, or rare or endemic species.
b) Natural representativeness
The area has highly representative ecological processes, or community or habitat types or other natural characteristics. Representativeness is the degree to which an area represents a habitat type, ecological process, biological community, physiographic feature or other natural characteristic.
The area has a high diversity of species, communities, habitats or ecosystems.
The area has a high degree of naturalness as a result of the lack or low level of human-induced disturbance and degradation.
e) Presence of habitats that are critical to endangered, threatened or endemic species.
f) Cultural representativeness
The area has a high representative value with respect to the cultural heritage, due to the existence of environmentally sound traditional activities integrated with nature which support the well-being of local populations.
3. To be included in the SPAMI List, an area having scientific, educational or aesthetic interest must, respectively, present a particular value for research in the field of natural sciences or for activities of environmental education or awareness or contain outstanding natural features, landscapes or seascapes.
4. Besides the fundamental criteria specified in article 8, paragraph 2, of the Protocol, a certain number of other characteristics and factors should be considered as favourable for the inclusion of the site in the List. These include:
a) the existence of threats likely to impair the ecological, biological, aesthetic or cultural value of the area;
b) the involvement and active participation of the public in general, and particularly of local communities, in the process of planning and management of the area;
c) the existence of a body representing the public, professional, non-governmental sectors and the scientific community involved in the area;
d) the existence in the area of opportunities for sustainable development;
e) the existence of an integrated coastal management plan within the meaning of Article 4 paragraph 3 (e) of the Convention.
C. LEGAL STATUS
1. All areas eligible for inclusion in the SPAMI List must be awarded a legal status guaranteeing their effective long-term protection.
2. To be included in the SPAMI List, an area situated in a zone already delimited over which a Party exercises sovereignty or jurisdiction must have a protected status recognized by the Party concerned.
3. In the case of areas situated, partly or wholly, on the high sea or in a zone where the limits of national sovereignty or jurisdiction have not yet been defined, the legal status, the management plan, the applicable measures and the other elements provided for in Article 9, paragraph 3, of the Protocol will be provided by the neighbouring Parties concerned in the proposal for inclusion in the SPAMI List.
D. PROTECTION, PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES
1. Conservation and management objectives must be clearly defined in the texts relating to each site, and will constitute the basis for assessment of the adequacy of the adopted measures and the effectiveness of their implementation at the revisions of the SPAMI List.
2. Protection, planning and management measures applicable to each area must be adequate for the achievement of the conservation and management objectives set for the site in the short and long term, and take in particular into account the threats upon it.
3. Protection, planning and management measures must be based on an adequate knowledge of the elements of the natural environment and of socio-economic and cultural factors that characterize each area. In case of shortcomings in basic knowledge, an area proposed for inclusion in the SPAMI List must have a programme for the collection of the unavailable data and information.
4. The competence and responsibility with regard to administration and implementation of conservation measures for areas proposed for inclusion in the SPAMI List must be clearly defined in the texts governing each area.
5. In the respect of the specificity characterizing each protected site, the protection measures for a SPAMI must take account of the following basic aspects:
a) the strengthening of the regulation of the release or dumping of wastes and other substances likely directly or indirectly to impair the integrity of the area;
b) the strengthening of the regulation of the introduction or reintroduction of any species into the area;
c) the regulation of any activity or act likely to harm or disturb the species, or that might endanger the conservation status of the ecosystems or species or might impair the natural, cultural or aesthetic characteristics of the area.
d) the regulation applicable to the zones surrounding the area in question.
6. To be included in the SPAMI List, a protected area must have a management body, endowed with sufficient powers as well as means and human resources to prevent and/or control activities likely to be contrary to the aims of the protected area.
7. To be included in the SPAMI List an area will have to be endowed with a management plan. The main rules of this management plan are to be laid down as from the time of inclusion and implemented immediately. A detailed management plan must be presented within three years of the time of inclusion. Failure to respect this obligation entails the removal of the site from the List.
8. To be included in the SPAMI List, an area will have to be endowed with a monitoring programme. This programme should include the identification and monitoring of a certain number of significant parameters for the area in question, in order to allow the assessment of the state and evolution of the area, as well as the effectiveness of protection and management measures implemented, so that they may be adapted if need be. To this end further necessary studies are to be commissioned.
LIST OF ENDANGERED OR THREATENED SPECIES
Cystoseira amentacea (including var. stricta and var. spicata)
Cystoseira spinosa (including C. adriatica)
Aplysina sp. plur.
Tethya sp. plur.
Ranella olearia (= Argobuccinum olearium = A. giganteum)
Charonia lampas (= Ch. rubicunda = Ch. nodifera)
Charonia tritonis (= Ch. seguenziae)
Luria lurida (= Cypraea lurida)
Pinna rudis (= P. pernula)
LIST OF SPECIES WHOSE EXPLOITATION IS REGULATED
Antipathes sp. plur.