THE MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION COMPENDIUM
BILATERAL / JAPAN
First Update; pages 707-710
Done at Reston 3 January 1992 and Tsukuba 3 February 1992
Entered into force 3 February 1992
Primary source citation: TIAS 11851
MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE PUBLIC WORKS RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF THE MINISTRY OF CONSTRUCTION OF JAPAN CONCERNING COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF HYDROLOGY, WATER RESOURCES, AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
ARTICLE I. "Scope and Objectives
The Geological Survey of the Department of the Interior of the United States of America (hereinafter referred to as "USGS"), and the Public Works Research Institute of the Ministry of Construction of Japan (hereinafter referred to as the "PWRI"), hereby agree to pursue cooperation in the field of hydrology, water resources, and global climate change in accordance with this Memorandum of Understanding (hereinafter referred to as the "Memorandum").
This Memorandum has been concluded pursuant to and will be governed by the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Japan on Cooperation in Research and Development in Science and Technology, signed at Toronto, Canada, on June 20, 1988. The purpose of this Memorandum is to provide a framework for the exchange of scientific and technical knowledge and augmentation of scientific and technical capabilities of the USGS and the PWRI (hereinafter referred to as the "Parties") with respect to the hydrological sciences.
Objectives of the cooperative research are to:
1. Encourage, develop, and implement the exchange of information on hydrology and water resources between the Parties for the purpose of sharing scientific and technological knowledge.
2. Develop strong technical links between scientific and engineering researchers of the Parties and encourage exchanges of guest researchers.
3. Conduct joint research in the areas of hydrology and water resources. Publish findings from joint research efforts.
4. Conduct cooperative programs to improve technology in the field of hydrology and water resources. Publish results from cooperative programs.
The USGS may, with the consent of the PWRI, and to the extent permitted by existing United States laws and policies, include the participation of other United States entities in the development and undertaking of activities within the scope of this Memorandum.
The PWRI may, with the consent of the USGS, and to the extent permitted by existing Japanese laws and policies, include the participation of other Japanese entities in the development and undertaking of activities within the scope of this Memorandum.
ARTICLE II. "Cooperative Activities
Forms of cooperative activities under this Memorandum may consist of exchanges of technical information, exchange visits, and cooperative research consistent with ongoing programs of the Parties. Specific areas of cooperation may include, but are not limited to, such subjects of mutual interest as:
1. Assessment of the hydrologic and water-resources effects of global climatic change, including the sensitivity of water-resource systems to climate variability and change, as well as effects on such processes as precipitation, runoff, evapotranspiration, snowmelt, soil erosion in mountainous areas, and sediment discharge.
2. Surface-water hydrology, particularly considering rainfall-runoff modeling including snowmelt simulation, and data exchanges in experimental basins.
3. Sediment transport mechanics, including river morphology.
4. Hydrologic instrumentation and equipment.
To facilitate these cooperative research activities, the Parties agree to:
1. Conduct periodic joint meetings, alternating locations between the United States and Japan.
2. Exchange data and information.
3. Exchange scientists and engineers.
4. Develop cooperative research programs on hydrology and water resources.
5. Establish and maintain effective communications between the researchers and administrators of the Parties.
To ensure that program activities are effectively maintained, the Parties shall designate program co-leaders to coordinate and manage these activities. The program co-leaders shall, upon mutual agreement, identify investigators to participate in selected joint research projects. The selected project investigators will be responsible for developing project plans in coordination with the program co-leaders.
ARTICLE III. "Source of Funding
Cooperative activities under this Memorandum will be subject to and dependent upon the availability of funds and personnel. The financial arrangements for specific joint projects will be agreed upon in writing by the Parties before each project is initiated.
ARTICLE IV. "Intellectual Property
The protection and distribution of intellectual property created or furnished in the course of cooperative activities under this Memorandum shall be in accordance with the provisions in Annex IV to the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Japan on Cooperation in Research and Development in Science and Technology, signed at Toronto on June 20, 1988.
ARTICLE V. "Disclaimer
Information transmitted by one Party to the other Party under this Memorandum shall be accurate to the best knowledge and belief of the transmitting Party; however, the transmitting Party does not warrant the suitability of the information transmitted for any particular use or application by the receiving Party or by any third party.
ARTICLE VI. "Planning and Review of Activities
Upon entry into force of this Memorandum, the Parties will designate representatives who, at times mutually agreed upon by the Parties, will review the activities under this Memorandum. Activity reports will be exchanged and projects developed as appropriate. In case of modification of the cooperative activities, each Party will inform the other of its decisions and of its intentions regarding the continuation of operations.
ARTICLE VII. "Project Annexes
The specifics of any activity carried out under this Memorandum shall be agreed upon by the Parties in writing. Activities are subject to the laws and regulations of the United States and Japan. Any activity involving other than the exchange of technical information or exchange visits of individuals shall be described in an agreed Annex to this Memorandum, which shall set forth, as appropriate, a work plan, staffing requirements, cost estimates, funding sources, and other undertakings, obligations, or conditions not included in this Memorandum. In case of any inconsistency between the terms of this Memorandum and the terms of an Annex hereto, the terms of this Memorandum shall be controlling, unless the Annex specifically provides that it is intended to alter a provision of this Memorandum.
ARTICLE VIII. "Entry into Force and Termination
This Memorandum shall enter into force upon signature by the Parties and remain in force for three (3) years from that date. It may be amended or extended by mutual written agreement, and may be terminated at any time by either Party upon ninety (90) days' advance written notice to the other Party. The termination of this Memorandum shall not affect the validity or duration of projects under this Memorandum which are initiated prior to such termination.
DONE at Reston and Tsukuba, in duplicate, in English, both texts being equally authentic.
for the GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: [Signature] NAME: Dallas L. Peck TITLE: Director DATE: January 3, 1992
for the PUBLIC WORKS RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF THE MINISTRY OF CONSTRUCTION OF JAPAN: [Signature] NAME: Toshio Iwasaki TITLE: Director-General DATE: February 3, 1992
CERTIFIED TRUE COPY
DATE: February 25, 1992
Shirley L. Long Program Assistant Office of International Geology U.S. Geological Survey
U.S.-Japan Committee on Hydrology, Water Resources and Global Climate Change
Pursuant to Article II of this Memorandum of Understanding, the Parties agree to organize a U.S.-Japan Committee on Hydrology, Water Resources and Global Climate Change, hereinafter referred to as "the joint committee," for the purpose of coordination and facilitation of the terms of this agreement. The joint committee will be composed of the following individuals from Japan: the Director General of the Public Works Research Institute or his designee, the Director of the Planning and Research Administration Department or his designee, and the designated leaders of joint projects agreed to under the terms of this Memorandum; and from the United States: the Director of the Geological Survey or his designee, the Chief Hydrologist of the Water Resources Division or his designee, and the designated leaders of joint projects agreed to under the terms of this Memorandum.