THE MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION COMPENDIUM
BILATERAL / CANADA
Volume(s) 1-3; pages 2875-2877
Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada Relating to the Establishment of a Canada-United States Committee on Water Quality in the St. John River and Its Tributary Rivers and Streams Which Cross the Canada-United States Boundary, Ottawa, 1972
Done at Ottawa 21 September 1972
Entered into force 21 September 1972
Primary source citation: 23 UST 2813, TIAS 7470
DEPARTMENT OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS OTTAWA, CANADA
September 21, 1972
His Excellency The Honourable ADOLPH W. SCHMIDT, Ambassador of the United States of America, Ottawa.
I have the honour to refer to the discussions which have taken place between representatives of our Governments regarding the preservation of the quality of water in the international section of the St. John River and to propose that our Governments establish a Canada-United States Committee on water quality in the St. John River and its tributary rivers and streams which cross the Canada-United States boundary. The composition, purposes and objectives of the Committee, which shall conduct its work in a manner which is consistent with the provisions and objectives of the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909, are set out in the Annex to this Note.
If the foregoing proposal is acceptable to the Government of the United States of America, I have the honour to propose that this Note, together with its Annex, which are equally authentic in English and French, and Your Excellency's reply to that effect, shall constitute an agreement between our Governments which shall enter into force on the date of your reply.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.
MITCHELL SHARP Secretary of State for External Affairs
Whereas the Governments of Canada and the United States in the light of their rights and obligations under Article IV of the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909 with respect to the avoidance of transboundary pollution, are concerned about the quality of water in the international section of the St. John River and in its tributary rivers and streams which cross the Canada-United States boundary;
Whereas water quality planning has been under way in the St. John River Basin in both countries for more than a year, and proper coordination of this planning is urgently required to assure achievement of a unified approach to the problem;
It is hereby agreed that a Canada-United States Committee on Water Quality in the St. John River and its Tributaries crossing the International Boundary (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Committee’) be established to assist the appropriate authorities in Canada and the United States to co-operate in such water quality planning as may be necessary to devise programs which will enhance the quality of water in the St. John River. The Committee will conduct its work in a manner which is consistent with the objectives and provisions of the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909. I The purposes of the Committee shall be:
(A) To review periodically progress in the conduct of such water quality planning on both sides of the Canada-United States boundary in the St. John River Basin, with a view to facilitating progress toward enhancement of water quality;
(B) To exchange appropriate information about plans, programs and actions which could affect water quality in the Basin;
(C) To assist in co-ordination and consultation among appropriate authorities on matters and actions affecting water quality;
(D) To make appropriate recommendations to relevant authorities on both sides of the boundary and to the International Joint Commission (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Commission’) regarding the improvement of water quality in the Basin.
In the conduct of its work the Committee should consider in particular the following aspects of water quality:
(A) The condition of water quality, and the nature, extent and sources of pollution;
(B) The need for and means of defining and achieving agreed international water quality objectives;
(C) The identification of programs and other measures needed to obtain a significant reduction in level of pollution with timetables for accomplishment, including measures related to water quality and rate of flow, taking account of social and economic impacts.
It is understood that discussions within the Committee will serve to enhance and not to replace existing formal and informal discussions or other contacts among federal, state, provincial and local authorities.
The Committee shall consist of an equal number of members from each country and will include appropriate officials from the Governments of Canada and the United States; the Governments of New Brunswick, Quebec and Maine, and also representatives of the St. John River Planning Board, and the Northern Maine Regional Planning Commission. The members will represent the respective authorities (who will pay such expenses as may be incurred in this respect) and provide the special skills, experience and information required to carry out the above terms of reference. The Committee should have the smallest number of members effectively to perform its functions. Advisors or observers to the Committee may be paid by Governments or serve without salary or expense allowance. The United States and Canadian sections of the Committee shall each designate a Chairman of its section. The Chairmen of the two sections shall be Joint Chairmen of the Committee and shall be responsible for providing proper liaison between the Committee and their respective authorities. The Chairmen will keep their respective section members informed of plans, activities and progress. Each Chairman after consulting the members of his own section of the Committee may appoint a Secretary of that section.
Upon the completion of its efforts with regard to the co-ordination of water quality planning in the St. John River Basin, the Committee shall provide a report on its progress and activities for the Commission. If the Committee has not completed its work within one year of the date of this Exchange of Notes, it shall in that event provide an interim progress report for the Commission by September 30, 1973, and to the extent necessary, annually thereafter. The Committee shall also provide the Commission with copies of the proceedings of its regular meetings.
The Committee shall also provide a report on its progress and activities for the Governments of Canada and the United States as pilot and co-pilot of the Inland Water Pollution Project of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society, prior to September 30, 1973, and to the extent necessary, annually thereafter.
EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA OTTAWA, CANADA
SEPTEMBER 21, 1972
The Honorable MITCHELL SHARP, P.C., Secretary of State for External Affairs, Ottawa.
I have the honor to refer to your Note No. GWU 310, of September 21, 1972, with attached Annex, proposing the establishment of a Canada-United States Committee on water quality in the St. John River and its tributary rivers and streams which cross the Canada-United States boundary. The proposal meets with the approval of my Government, and I have the honor to confirm that your Note, together with its Annex, and this reply, shall constitute an agreement between our Governments which shall enter into force on the date of this reply.
Accept, Sir, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.
ADOLPH W. SCHMIDT