THE MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION COMPENDIUM
MULTILATERAL / ANTARCTICA
Volume(s) 1-3; pages 18-44
Measures Approved or Recommended Under Article IX in Furtherance of Principles and Objectives of the Antarctic Treaty, Brussels, 1964
Adopted at Brussels 2-13 June 1964
Recommendations III-I through III-VI, III-IX, and III-X effective 27 July 1966; Recommendation III-XI effective 1 September 1966; Recommendation III-VII effective 22 December 1978; Recommendation III-VIII effective 1 November 1982
Primary source citation: 17 UST 991, TIAS 6058; Recommendation III-VII: TIAS 10485; Recommendation III-VIII: Handbook of the Antarctic Treaty System, Seventh Edition, October 1990
[CERTAIN RECOMMENDATIONS OF THIRD ANTARCTIC TREATY CONSULTATIVE MEETING]
The Meeting agreed unanimously to adopt the following Recommendations:
III-I INFORMATION ON FACILITIES FOR THE LANDING OF AIRCRAFT
The Representatives, taking into account Recommendation I-VI(8) of the First Consultative Meeting, recommend to their Governments that they exchange, within the framework of Recommendation I-VI(8), information on airfield facilities in the Antarctic Treaty Area. This information should include particulars of location, operating conditions and limitations, radio aids to navigation, facilities for radio communications and instrument landing, and be in detail sufficient to enable an aircraft to make a safe landing.
III-II NOTIFICATION OF UNOCCUPIED REFUGES
1. The Representatives recommend to their governments that they should exchange through diplomatic channels, before the end of November each year, lists of all unoccupied buildings, huts or caches (hereinafter referred to as refuges) maintained by them in the Treaty Area in a condition suitable for use in emergencies.
2. Such lists should include:
I. The name and position of each refuge;
II. A description of its location;
III. The date on which it was established;
IV. The approximate date on which it was last examined;
V. An estimate of the available accommodation, facilities, food, fuel and supplies of other kinds.
Any changes should be reported before the end of June the following year.
3. The Representatives further recommend that Governments whose expeditions use any refuge should report as rapidly as possible on any such use. Such Governments should also furnish an estimate of the amount of supplies which remain and a report about the condition of the refuge after use; in addition they should:
a) Ensure that supplies available at these refuges are used only under emergency conditions.
b) To the greatest extent possible, and as early as possible, replenish the supplies consumed and inform the authorities who maintain the refuge of the action taken.
In view of the Recommendations by the First and Second Consultative Meetings (I-VII and II-V) concerning logistics;
Taking into consideration the Logistic Symposium which took place at Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A., in August 1962 under the auspices of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), and the Report on this Symposium published in 1963;
The Representatives recommend to their Governments that the organization, agenda, date and place for the inter-governmental meeting of experts, on the present state of knowledge about useful aspects of logistic activities in the Antarctic to which the above Recommendations refer, be considered during the preparatory meetings for the Fourth Consultative Meeting.
III-IV THE NEXT MEETING
The Representatives recommend to their Governments that they accept the offer of the Chilean Delegation to hold the Fourth Consultative Meeting under Article IX of the Antarctic Treaty, in Santiago, Chile.
This Meeting shall take place at a date which shall be agreed upon by the participating Governments.
The Representatives, noting that experts met in an Antarctic Treaty Meeting on Telecommunications in Washington from 24th-28th June, 1963, following upon Recommendations I-XI and II-III of the First and Second Consultative Meetings, and in accordance with Recommendation II-IX, recommend to their Governments that they take the necessary steps to approve and implement as soon as practicable those Recommendations of the Telecommunications Meeting which they find themselves able to approve, taking into consideration (a) and (b) below.
The Representatives, pointing out the useful and important work effected by the Telecommunications Meeting at Washington, recommend to their Governments that they:
a) Continue their consultations with a view to effecting further improvement in coordinating telecommunications activities.
b) During the Preparatory Meetings for the next Consultative Meeting, examine the results of the Recommendations made by the Washington Telecommunications Meeting, and consider measures to improve Antarctic radio communications in the future.
III-VI QUESTIONS CONCERNING MEETINGS OF SPECIALISTS
The Representatives, recognizing the importance of the problem raised during the examination of Item 7 (that is, the Item entitled ‘Questions concerning Meetings of Specialists’), recommend their Governments to examine this question attentively before the Fourth Consultative Meeting and to consider including it on the Agenda of that Meeting.
III-VII ACCEPTANCE OF APPROVED RECOMMENDATIONS
Since the Recommendations approved by the Contracting Parties entitled to participate in meetings held in accordance with Article IX of the Antarctic Treaty are so much a part of the overall structure of cooperation established by the Treaty, the Representatives recommend to their Governments that any new Contracting Party entitled to participate in such meetings should be urged to accept these Recommendations and to inform other Contracting Parties of its intention to apply and be bound by them.
The Representatives recommend further that their Governments agree that existing Contracting Parties and any new Contracting Parties other than those entitled to participate in meetings held in accordance with Article IX of the Treaty be invited to consider accepting these Recommendations and to inform other Contracting Parties of their intention to apply and be bound by them.
III-VIII AGREED MEASURES FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC FAUNA AND FLORA
The Representatives, taking into consideration Article IX of the Antarctic Treaty, and recalling Recommendation I-VIII of the First Consultative Meeting and Recommendation II-II of the Second Consultative Meeting, recommend to their Governments that they approve as soon as possible and implement without delay the annexed ‘Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora’.
Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora Preamble
The Governments participating in the Third Consultative Meeting under Article IX of the Antarctic Treaty,
Desiring to implement the principles and purposes of the Antarctic Treaty;
Recognizing the scientific importance of the study of Antarctic fauna and flora, their adaptation to their rigorous environment, and their inter-relationship with that environment;
Considering the unique nature of these fauna and flora, their circum-polar range, and particularly their defencelessness and susceptibility to extermination;
Desiring by further international collaboration within the framework of the Antarctic Treaty to promote and achieve the objectives of protection, scientific study, and rational use of these fauna and flora; and
Having particular regard to the conservation principles developed by the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) of the International Council of Scientific Unions;
Hereby consider the Treaty Area as a Special Conservation Area and have agreed on the following measures:
Article I [Area of application]
1. These Agreed Measures shall apply to the same area to which the Antarctic Treaty is applicable (hereinafter referred to as the Treaty Area) namely the area south of 60° South Latitude, including all ice shelves.
2. However, nothing in these Agreed Measures shall prejudice or in any way affect the rights, or the exercise of the rights, of any State under international law with regard to the high seas within the Treaty Area, or restrict the implementation of the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty with respect to inspection.
3. The Annexes to these Agreed Measures shall form an integral part thereof, and all references to the Agreed Measures shall be considered to include the Annexes.
Article II [Definitions]
For the purposes of these Agreed Measures:
(a) ‘Native mammal’ means any member, at any stage of its life cycle, of any species belonging to the Class Mammalia indigenous to the Antarctic or occurring there through natural agencies of dispersal, excepting whales.
(b) ‘Native bird’ means any member, at any state of its life cycle (including eggs), of any species of the Class Aves indigenous to the Antarctic or occurring there through natural agencies of dispersal.
(c) ‘Native plant’ means any kind of vegetation at any stage of its life cycle (including seeds), indigenous to the Antarctic or occurring there through natural agencies of dispersal.
(d) ‘Appropriate authority’ means any person authorized by a Participating Government to issue permits under these Agreed Measures. The functions of an authorized person will be carried out within the framework of the Antarctic Treaty. They will be carried out exclusively in accordance with scientific principles and will have as their sole purpose the effective protection of Antarctic fauna and flora in accordance with these Agreed Measures.
(e) ‘Permit’ means a formal permission in writing issued by an appropriate authority as defined at paragraph (d) above.
(f) ‘Participating Government’ means any Government for which these Agreed Measures have become effective in accordance with Article XIII of these Agreed Measures.
Article III [Implementation]
Each Participating Government shall take appropriate action to carry out these Agreed Measures.
Article IV [Publicity]
The Participating Governments shall prepare and circulate to members of expeditions and stations information to ensure understanding and observance of the provisions of these Agreed Measures, setting forth in particular prohibited activities, and providing lists of specially protected species and specially protected areas.
Article V [Cases of extreme emergency]
The provisions of these Agreed Measures shall not apply in cases of extreme emergency involving possible loss of human life or involving the safety of ships or aircraft.
Article VI [Protection of native fauna]
1. Each Participating Government shall prohibit within the Treaty Area the killing, wounding, capturing or molesting of any native mammal or native bird, or any attempt at any such act, except in accordance with a permit.
2. Such permits shall be drawn in terms as specific as possible and issued only for the following purposes:
(a) to provide indispensable food for men or dogs in the Treaty Area in limited quantities, and in conformity with the purposes and principles of these Agreed Measures;
(b) to provide specimens for scientific study or scientific information;
(c) to provide specimens for museums, zoological gardens, or other educational or cultural institutions or uses.
3. Permits for Specially Protected Areas shall be issued only in accordance with the provisions of Article VIII. 4. Participating Governments shall limit the issue of such permits so as to ensure as far as possible that:
(a) no more native mammals or birds are killed or taken in any year than can normally be replaced by natural reproduction in the following breeding season;
(b) the variety of species and the balance of the natural ecological systems existing within the Treaty Area are maintained.
5. The species of native mammals and birds listed in Annex A of these Measures shall be designated ‘Specially Protected Species’, and shall be accorded special protection by Participating Governments.
6. A Participating Government shall not authorize an appropriate authority to issue a permit with respect to a Specially Protected Species except in accordance with paragraph 7 of this Article.
7. A permit may be issued under this Article with respect to a Specially Protected Species, provided that:
(a) it is issued for a compelling scientific purpose, and
(b) the actions permitted thereunder will not jeopardize the existing natural ecological system or the survival of that species.
Article VII [Harmful interference]
1. Each Participating Government shall take appropriate measures to minimize harmful interference within the Treaty Area with the normal living conditions of any native mammal or bird, or any attempt at such harmful interference, except as permitted under Article VI. 2. The following acts and activities shall be considered harmful interference:
(a) allowing dogs to run free,
(b) flying helicopters or other aircraft in a manner which would unnecessarily disturb bird and seal concentrations, or landing close to such concentrations (eg within 300 m),
(c) driving vehicles unnecessarily close to concentrations of birds and seals (eg within 200 m),
(d) use of explosives close to concentrations of birds and seals,
(e) discharge of firearms close to bird and seal concentrations (eg within 300 m),
(f) any disturbance of bird and seal colonies during the breeding period by persistent attention from persons on foot.
However, the above activities, with the exception of those mentioned in (a) and (e) may be permitted to the minimum extent necessary for the establishment, supply and operation of stations.
3. Each Participating Government shall take all reasonable steps towards the alleviation of pollution of the waters adjacent to the coast and ice shelves.
Article VIII [Specially Protected Areas]
1. The areas of outstanding scientific interest listed in Annex B shall be designated ‘Specially Protected Area’ and shall be accorded special protection by the Participating Governments in order to preserve their unique natural ecological system.
2. In addition to the prohibitions and measures of protection dealt with in other Articles of these Agreed Measures, the Participating Governments shall in Specially Protected Areas further prohibit:
(a) the collection of any native plant, except in accordance with a permit;
(b) the driving of any vehicle;
(c) entry by their nationals, except in accordance with a permit issued under Article VI or under paragraph 2(a) of the present Article or in accordance with a permit issued for some other compelling scientific purpose.
3. A permit issued under Article IV shall not have effect within a Specially Protected Area except in accordance with paragraph 4 of the present Article.
4. A permit shall have effect within a Specially Protected Area provided that:
(a) it was issued for a compelling scientific purpose which cannot be served elsewhere; and
(b) the actions permitted thereunder will not jeopardize the natural ecological system existing in that Area.
Article IX [Introduction of non-indigenous species, parasites and diseases]
1. Each Participating Government shall prohibit the bringing into the Treaty Area of any species of animal or plant not indigenous to that Area, except in accordance with a permit.
2. Permits under paragraph 1 of this Article shall be drawn in terms as specific as possible and shall be issued to allow the importation only of the animals and plants listed in Annex C. When any such animal or plant might cause harmful interference with the natural system if left unsupervised within the Treaty Area, such permits shall require that it be kept under controlled conditions and, after it has served its purpose, it shall be removed from the Treaty Area or destroyed.
3. Nothing in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article shall apply to the importation of food into the Treaty Area so long as animals and plants used for this purpose are kept under controlled conditions.
4. Each Participating Government undertakes to ensure that all reasonable precautions shall be taken to prevent the accidental introduction of parasites and diseases into the Treaty Area. In particular, the precautions listed in Annex D shall be taken.
Article X [Activities contrary to the principles and purposes of these Measures]
Each Participating Government undertakes to exert appropriate efforts, consistent with the Charter of the United Nations, to the end that no one engages in any activity in the Treaty Area contrary to the principles or purposes of these Agreed Measures.
Article XI [Ships' crews]
Each Participating Government whose expeditions use ships sailing under flags of nationalities other than its own shall, as far as feasible, arrange with the owners of such ships that the crews of these ships observe these Agreed Measures.
Article XII [Exchange of information]
1. The Participating Governments may make such arrangements as may be necessary for the discussion of such matters as:
(a) the collection and exchange of records (including records of permits) and statistics concerning the numbers of each species of native mammal and bird killed or captured annually in the Treaty Area;
(b) the obtaining and exchange of information as to the status of native mammals and birds in the Treaty Area, and the extent to which any species needs protection;
(c) the number of native mammals or birds which should be permitted to be harvested for food, scientific study, or other uses in the various regions;
(d) the establishment of a common form in which this information shall be submitted by Participating Governments in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article.
2. Each Participating Government shall inform the other Governments in writing before the end of November each year of the steps taken and information collected in the preceding period of 1st July to 30th June relating to the implementation of these Agreed Measures. Governments exchanging information under paragraph 5 of Article VII of the Antarctic Treaty may at the same time transmit the information relating to the implementation of these Agreed Measures.
Article XIII [Formal provisions]
1. After the receipt by the Government designated in Recommendation I-XIV(5) of notification of approval by all Governments whose representatives are entitled to participate in meetings provided for under Article IX of the Antarctic Treaty, these Agreed Measures shall become effective for those Governments.
2. Thereafter any other Contracting Party to the Antarctic Treaty may, in consonance with the purposes of Recommendation III-VII, accept these Agreed Measures by notifying the designated Government of its intention to apply the Agreed Measures and to be bound by them. The Agreed Measures shall become effective with regard to such Governments on the date of receipt of such notification.
3. The designated Government shall inform the Governments referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article of each notification of approval, the effective date of these Agreed Measures and of each notification of acceptance. The designated Government shall also inform any Government which has accepted these Agreed Measures of each subsequent notification of acceptance.
Article XIV [Amendment]
1. These Agreed Measures may be amended at any time by unanimous agreement of the Governments whose Representatives are entitled to participate in meetings under Article IX of the Antarctic Treaty.
2. The Annexes, in particular, may be amended as necessary through diplomatic channels.
3. An amendment proposed through diplomatic channels shall be submitted in writing to the designated Government which shall communicate it to the Governments referred to in paragraph 1 of the present Article for approval; at the same time, it shall be communicated to the other Participating Governments.
4. Any amendment shall become effective on the date on which notifications of approval have been received by the designated Government and from all of the Governments referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article.
5. The designated Government shall notify those same Governments of the date of receipt of each approval communicated to it and the date on which the amendment will become effective for them.
6. Such amendment shall become effective on that same date for all other Participating Governments, except those which before the expiry of two months after that date notify the designated Government that they do not accept it.
ANNEXES TO THESE AGREED MEASURES
ANNEX A: Specially Protected Species
All species of the genus Arctocephalus, Fur Seals.
Ommatophoca rossii, Ross Seal.
ANNEX B: Specially Protected Areas
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 1
Taylor Rookery, Mac.Robertson Land
Lat 67°26°S, long 60°50°E
DESCRIPTION: The area consists of the whole of the northernmost rock exposure on the eastern side of Taylor Glacier. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-1 on the grounds that Taylor Rookery contains a colony of Emperor Penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) which is one of the few, and probably the largest, of the known colonies of this species located wholly on land.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 2
Rookery Islands, Holme Bay
Lat 67°37°S, long 62°33E
DESCRIPTION: The area, 7 nautical miles west of Mawson, comprises the island and rocks lying within the rectangle marked on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-2 on the grounds that Rookery Islands contain breeding colonies of six bird species resident in the Mawson area, two of which, the Giant Petrel (Macronectes giganteus) and the Cape Pigeon (Daption capensis), occur nowhere else in the region and that it is of scientific importance to safeguard this unusual association of six species and to preserve a sample of their habitat.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 3
Ardery Island and Odbert Island, Budd Coast
Lat 60°22S, long 110°28E and lat 66°22S, long 110°33E
DESCRIPTION: The area consists of Ardery Island and Odbert Island which lie off-shore in Vincennes Bay, 7 nautical miles south of Wilkes. The off-lying rocks are not included in the area. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-3 on the grounds that Ardery Island and Odbert Island off the Budd Coast support several breeding species of petrel and provide a sample of their habitat and that two of these species, Antarctic Petrel (Thalassoica antarctica) and Antarctic Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialoides), are of particular scientific interest.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 4
Sabrina Island, Balleny Islands
Lat 66°54S, long 163°20E
DESCRIPTION: A small island some 2 kilometres south of Buckle Island in the Balleny Islands. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-4 on the grounds that the Balleny Islands, as the most northerly Antarctic land in the Ross Sea region, support fauna and flora which reflect many circumpolar distributions at this latitude and that Sabrina Island in particular provides a representative sample of such fauna and flora.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 5
Beaufort Island, Ross Sea
Lat 76°58S, long 167°03E
DESCRIPTION: Beaufort Island measures 6 kilometres by 3 kilometres and is located 20 nautical miles north of Ross Island. The area is shown on the attached map.
Created by recommendation IV-5 on the grounds that Beaufort Island contains substantial and varied avifauna, that it is one of the most important breeding grounds in the region, and that it should be protected to preserve the natural ecological system as a reference area.
NOTE: Specially Protected Area No 6 was designated in Recommendation IV-6 and terminated by VIII-2. Cape Crozier is now a Site of Special Scientific Interest No 4 by virtue of VIII-4. SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 7
Cape Hallett, Victoria Land
Lat 72°18S, long 179°19E
NOTE: the boundaries of this SPA were extended by the terms of Recommendation XIII-13, see below.
DESCRIPTION: The area between the eastern side of the road, which runs along the eastern side of Willett Cove, and the western margin of the permanent ice sheet, to the south of a line from the road to the margin of the permanent ice sheet at the latitude of the head of Willett Cove, and to the north of a line from the road to the margin of the permanent ice sheet drawn 350 metres to the south of that latitude and parallel to it. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-7 on the grounds that Cape Hallett includes a small patch of particularly rich and diverse vegetation which supports a variety of terrestrial fauna and that the ecosystem, which includes a rich avifauna, is of outstanding scientific interest.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 8
Dion Islands, Marguerite Bay, Antarctic Peninsula
Lat 67°52S, long 68°43W
DESCRIPTION: A group of small, rocky, low-lying islands in Marguerite Bay, about 15 kilometres south of Adelaide Island. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-8 on the grounds that amongst the Dion Islands is found the only colony of Emperor Penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) known to exist on the west side of the Antarctic Peninsula and the isolation of this colony from others of the same species makes it of outstanding scientific interest.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 9
Green Island, Berthelot Islands, Antarctic Peninsula
Lat 65°19S, long 64°10W
DESCRIPTION: A small island, measuring about 600 metres by 400 metres, situated 150 metres to the north of the largest of the Berthelot Islands. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-9 on the grounds that the vegetation on Green Island is exceptionally rich, that it is probably the most luxuriant anywhere on the west side of the Antarctic Peninsula, that in some places the humus is 2 metres thick and that this area, being of outstanding scientific interest, should be protected because it is probably one of the most diverse Antarctic ecosystems.
NOTE: Specially Protected Area No 10 was designated in Recommendation IV-10 and terminated by VIII-2. Byers Peninsula is now a Site of Special Scientific Interest No 6 by virtue of VIII-4. SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 11
Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands
Lat 62°28S, long 60°48W
DESCRIPTION: The ice-free peninsula lying to the north of the northern margin of the permanent ice sheet on Livingston Island, between Barclay Bay and Hero Bay. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-11 on the grounds that Cape Shirreff supports a considerable diversity of plant and animal life, including many invertebrates, that a substantial population of Elephant Seals (Mirounga leonina) and small colonies of Fur Seals (Arctocephalus sp) are found on the beaches and that the area is of outstanding scientific interest.
NOTE: Specially Protected Area No 12 was designated in Recommendation IV-12, modified by Recommendation V-5 and terminated by VIII-2. Fildes Peninsula is now a Site of Special Scientific Interest No 5 by virtue of VIII-4. SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 13
Moe Island, South Orkney Islands
Lat 60°45S, long 45°41W
DESCRIPTION: A small island about 1 kilometre long and 1 kilometre across, lying about 500 metres south-west of Signy Island, South Orkney Islands. The off-lying rocks are not included in the area. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-13 on the grounds that Moe Island provides a representative sample of the maritime Antarctic ecosystem, that intensive experimental research on the neighbouring Signy Island may alter its ecosystem and that Moe Island should be specially protected as a control area for future comparison.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 14
Lynch Island, South Orkney Islands
Lat 60°40S, long 45°38W
DESCRIPTION: A small island, measuring about 500 metres by 300 metres, in Marshall Bay, off the south coast of Coronation Island, South Orkney Islands. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-14 on the grounds that Lynch Island supports one of the most extensive and dense areas of grass (Deschampsia antarctica) known in the Treaty Area and that it provides an outstanding example of a rare natural ecological system.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 15
Southern Powell Island and adjacent islands, South Orkney Islands
Lat 60°45S, long 45°02W
DESCRIPTION: This area in the central South Orkney Islands includes that part of Powell Island which is south of the latitude of the southern summit of John Peaks, together with the whole of Fredriksen Island, Michelsen Island, Christoffersen Island, Grey Island and the unnamed islands laying within the rectangle marked on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation IV-15 on the grounds that southern Powell Island and the adjacent islands support substantial vegetation and a considerable bird and mammal fauna, which is representative of the natural ecology of the South Orkney Islands, and which is rendered more important by the presence of the nucleus of an expanding colony of Fur Seals (Arctocephalus tropicalis gazella).
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 16
Coppermine Peninsula, Robert Island
Lat 62°23S, long 59°42W
DESCRIPTION: The area comprises all the land west of a line drawn from north to south across the Peninsula, 100 metres west of the two shelters found on the isthmus. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation VI-10 on the grounds that Coppermine Peninsula is a biologically diverse area, supporting rich vegetation, together with a variety of terrestrial fauna, and that the ecosystem, which includes a rich avifauna, is of outstanding scientific interest.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 17
Litchfield Island, Arthur Harbor, Palmer Archipelago
Lat 66°16S, long 64°06W
DESCRIPTION: A small island, about 2.5 km2 in area. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation VIII-1 on the grounds that Litchfield Island, together with its littoral, possesses an unusually rich collection of marine and terrestrial life, is unique amongst the neighbouring islands as a breeding place for six species of native birds and provides an outstanding example of the natural ecological system of the Antarctic Peninsula area.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 18
North Coronation Island, South Orkney Islands
Between lat 60°31S, long 45°41W and lat 60°37S, long 45°36W and Lat 60°32S, long 45°29W. DESCRIPTION: The area lies on the central north side of Coronation Island, South Orkney Islands. It is bounded to the east by Foul Point (Lat 60°32S, long 45°29W) and to the west by Conception Point (60°31S, 45°41 W); the entire area of these points is included in the area. The eastern boundary follows a precipitous ridge 6 km southwards to a position at 2,500 ft (750 m) altitude immediately to the west of Mt Nivea summit (60°35S, 45°29 W), thence west-south-westwards for 5.5 km to a position at 2,000 ft (700 m) altitude to the north-east of Wave Peak summit (60°37S, 45°36 W), and from there 4 km westwards across the Brisbane Heights plateau to Conception Point. The summits of Mt Nivea and Wave Peak and the col known as High Stile are outside the area. Ommaney Bay and the unnamed bay to the west are included within the area south of the boundary between Conception and Prong Points (11.5 km). The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation XIII-10 on the grounds that the area bounded by Foul Point and Conception Point on the north coast of Coronation Island, South Orkney Islands, extending southwards to Wave Peak and comprising Ommaney Bay and the bay between Prong Point and Conception Point embraces areas of coastal ice-free terrain (Conception, Prong and Foul Points) with large seabird colonies and lichen-dominated cliffs, and permanent ice rising to the Brisbane Heights plateau which provides an excellent representative area of a pristine ice environment near the northern limit of the maritime Antarctic and the Antarctic Treaty Area, and that the interrelated terrestrial, permanent ice and marine components of this area comprise an integrated example of the coastal, permanent ice and sublittoral ecosystems typical of the maritime Antarctic environment.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 19
Lagotellerie Island, Marguerite Bay
Lat 67°53S, long 67°24W. DESCRIPTION: The area consists of Lagotellerie Island which lies about 3 km west of the southern part of Horseshoe Island, Marguerite Bay, south-west Antarctic Peninsula. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation XIII-11 on the grounds that Lagotellerie Island contains a relatively diverse flora and fauna typical of the southern Antarctic Peninsula region; that of particular interest is the abundance of the only two Antarctic flowering plants (Deschampsia antarctica and Colobanthus quitensis which form stands up to 10m2; that these are amongst the largest stands known south of the South Shetland Islands, being only 90 km north of their southern limit; that here both species flower profusely and the seeds have a greater viability than those produced in the South Orkney and South Shetland Islands; that numerous mosses and lichens also form well developed communities on the island; that a few of the mosses are fertile, a rare phenomenon in most Antarctic localities; that the invertebrate fauna is rich and that the island is one of the southernmost sites of the apterous midge Belgica antarctica; that the shallow loamy soil developed beneath these swards and its associated invertebrate fauna and microbiota are probably unique at this latitude; that there is a colony of about 1,000 Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) and one of the farthest south colonies of a few dozen blue eyed cormorants (Phalacrocorax atriceps) at the south-east corner of the island and that numerous pairs of brown and south polar skuas (Catharacta lonnbergii and C. maccormicki) breed on the island.
SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREA No 20. ‘New College Valley’, Caughley Beach, Cape Bird, Ross Island
Lat 77°14S, long 166°23E. DESCRIPTION: The area consists of the ice free terrain lying between the cliff top above Caughley Beach and about 100 m east of the Mt Bird Ice Cap, and between a line south of the main stream bed of ‘Keble Valley’ and the south ridge of ‘New College Valley’. It is surrounded on three sides by Site of Special Scientific Interest No 10. The area is shown on the attached map.
Designated in Recommendation XIII-12 on the grounds that the area contains some of the most luxuriant stands of vegetation (algae, mosses and lichens) and associated microflora and microfauna in the Ross Sea sector of Antarctica; that because of the susceptibility of the cryptogamic vegetation to damage from trampling, the designation of the area provides protection for its biota, so that the area may serve as a conservation reserve representative of the adjacent Site of Special Scientific Interest No 10. ANNEX C: Importation of animals and plants
The following animals and plants may be imported into the Treaty Area in accordance with permits issued under Article IX(2) of these Agreed Measures:
(a) sledge dogs;
(b) domestic animals and plants;
(c) laboratory animals and plants including viruses, bacteria, yeasts and fungi.
ANNEX D: Precautions to prevent accidental introduction of parasites and diseases into the Treaty Area
The following precautions shall be taken:
1. Dogs: All dogs imported into the Treaty Area shall be inoculated against the following diseases:
(b) contagious canine hepatitis;
(d) leptospirosis (L. canicola and L. icterohaemorrhagicae).
Each dog shall be inoculated at least two months before the time of its arrival in the Treaty Area.
2. Poultry: Notwithstanding the provisions of Article IX(3) of these Agreed Measures, no living poultry shall be brought into the Treaty Area after 1st July, 1966. III-IX INTERIM GUIDE LINES FOR CONSERVATION OF FAUNA AND FLORA
The Representatives recommend to their Governments that until such time as the Agreed Measures on the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora may become effective in accordance with Article IX of the Antarctic Treaty, these Agreed Measures as far as feasible be considered as guide lines in this interim period.
III-X INTEREST OF SCAR IN THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC FAUNA AND FLORA
Recognizing the initiative already taken by the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) on matters relating to the conservation of Antarctic fauna and flora, and considering its role as defined in Recommendation I-IV, the Representatives recommend to their Governments that they encourage SCAR to continue its interest in those matters and to prepare reports from time to time on this subject, and especially at this time on the matters that it considers should be listed in the Annexes of the Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora.
III-XI PELAGIC SEALING AND THE TAKING OF FAUNA ON PACK ICE
The Representatives, at the time of adopting the Agreed Measures on the Conservation of Fauna and Flora,
1. considering that appropriate voluntary regulation of pelagic sealing or the taking of fauna on pack ice is of great importance for the fulfilment of the purposes and principles of these Measures;
2. recommend to their Governments that this matter be considered further by them on as broad a basis as practicable in preparing for the Fourth Consultative Meeting at Santiago, Chile, with a view to its inclusion on the Agenda for the Fourth Consultative Meeting;
3. recommend to their Governments that when ships of their nationality engage in pelagic sealing or the taking of fauna on pack ice south of 60° South Latitude, each Government voluntarily regulate these activities to ensure the survival of any species being taken and to ensure that the natural ecological system is not seriously disturbed.